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  • Open Access


    DeepSVDNet: A Deep Learning-Based Approach for Detecting and Classifying Vision-Threatening Diabetic Retinopathy in Retinal Fundus Images

    Anas Bilal1, Azhar Imran2, Talha Imtiaz Baig3,4, Xiaowen Liu1,*, Haixia Long1, Abdulkareem Alzahrani5, Muhammad Shafiq6

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 511-528, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039672

    Abstract Artificial Intelligence (AI) is being increasingly used for diagnosing Vision-Threatening Diabetic Retinopathy (VTDR), which is a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness worldwide. However, previous automated VTDR detection methods have mainly relied on manual feature extraction and classification, leading to errors. This paper proposes a novel VTDR detection and classification model that combines different models through majority voting. Our proposed methodology involves preprocessing, data augmentation, feature extraction, and classification stages. We use a hybrid convolutional neural network-singular value decomposition (CNN-SVD) model for feature extraction and selection and an improved SVM-RBF with a Decision Tree (DT) and K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN)… More >

  • Open Access


    SwinVid: Enhancing Video Object Detection Using Swin Transformer

    Abdelrahman Maharek1,2,*, Amr Abozeid2,3, Rasha Orban1, Kamal ElDahshan2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 305-320, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2024.039436

    Abstract What causes object detection in video to be less accurate than it is in still images? Because some video frames have degraded in appearance from fast movement, out-of-focus camera shots, and changes in posture. These reasons have made video object detection (VID) a growing area of research in recent years. Video object detection can be used for various healthcare applications, such as detecting and tracking tumors in medical imaging, monitoring the movement of patients in hospitals and long-term care facilities, and analyzing videos of surgeries to improve technique and training. Additionally, it can be used in telemedicine to help diagnose… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Deep Learning-Based Model for Classification of Wheat Gene Expression

    Amr Ismail1, Walid Hamdy1,2, Aya M. Al-Zoghby3, Wael A. Awad3, Ahmed Ismail Ebada3, Yunyoung Nam4, Byeong-Gwon Kang4,*, Mohamed Abouhawwash5,6

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 273-285, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038192

    Abstract Deep learning (DL) plays a critical role in processing and converting data into knowledge and decisions. DL technologies have been applied in a variety of applications, including image, video, and genome sequence analysis. In deep learning the most widely utilized architecture is Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) are taught discriminatory traits in a supervised environment. In comparison to other classic neural networks, CNN makes use of a limited number of artificial neurons, therefore it is ideal for the recognition and processing of wheat gene sequences. Wheat is an essential crop of cereals for people around the world. Wheat Genotypes identification has… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning-Based Mask Identification System Using ResNet Transfer Learning Architecture

    Arpit Jain1, Nageswara Rao Moparthi1, A. Swathi2, Yogesh Kumar Sharma1, Nitin Mittal3, Ahmed Alhussen4, Zamil S. Alzamil5,*, MohdAnul Haq5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 341-362, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036973

    Abstract Recently, the coronavirus disease 2019 has shown excellent attention in the global community regarding health and the economy. World Health Organization (WHO) and many others advised controlling Corona Virus Disease in 2019. The limited treatment resources, medical resources, and unawareness of immunity is an essential horizon to unfold. Among all resources, wearing a mask is the primary non-pharmaceutical intervention to stop the spreading of the virus caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) droplets. All countries made masks mandatory to prevent infection. For such enforcement, automatic and effective face detection systems are crucial. This study presents a face… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on Optimal Preload Method of Controllable Rolling Bearing Based on Multisensor Fusion

    Kuosheng Jiang1, Chengrui Han1, Yasheng Chang2,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3329-3352, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046729

    Abstract Angular contact ball bearings have been widely used in machine tool spindles, and the bearing preload plays an important role in the performance of the spindle. In order to solve the problems of the traditional optimal preload prediction method limited by actual conditions and uncertainties, a roller bearing preload test method based on the improved D-S evidence theory multi-sensor fusion method was proposed. First, a novel controllable preload system is proposed and evaluated. Subsequently, multiple sensors are employed to collect data on the bearing parameters during preload application. Finally, a multisensor fusion algorithm is used to make predictions, and a… More >

  • Open Access


    Privacy-Preserving Federated Deep Learning Diagnostic Method for Multi-Stage Diseases

    Jinbo Yang1, Hai Huang1, Lailai Yin2, Jiaxing Qu3, Wanjuan Xie4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3085-3099, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045417

    Abstract Diagnosing multi-stage diseases typically requires doctors to consider multiple data sources, including clinical symptoms, physical signs, biochemical test results, imaging findings, pathological examination data, and even genetic data. When applying machine learning modeling to predict and diagnose multi-stage diseases, several challenges need to be addressed. Firstly, the model needs to handle multimodal data, as the data used by doctors for diagnosis includes image data, natural language data, and structured data. Secondly, privacy of patients’ data needs to be protected, as these data contain the most sensitive and private information. Lastly, considering the practicality of the model, the computational requirements should… More >

  • Open Access


    Quick Weighing of Passing Vehicles Using the Transfer-Learning-Enhanced Convolutional Neural Network

    Wangchen Yan1,*, Jinbao Yang1, Xin Luo2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2507-2524, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044709

    Abstract Transfer learning could reduce the time and resources required by the training of new models and be therefore important for generalized applications of the trained machine learning algorithms. In this study, a transfer learning-enhanced convolutional neural network (CNN) was proposed to identify the gross weight and the axle weight of moving vehicles on the bridge. The proposed transfer learning-enhanced CNN model was expected to weigh different bridges based on a small amount of training datasets and provide high identification accuracy. First of all, a CNN algorithm for bridge weigh-in-motion (B-WIM) technology was proposed to identify the axle weight and the… More >

  • Open Access


    MDCN: Modified Dense Convolution Network Based Disease Classification in Mango Leaves

    Chirag Chandrashekar1, K. P. Vijayakumar1,*, K. Pradeep1, A. Balasundaram1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2511-2533, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047697

    Abstract The most widely farmed fruit in the world is mango. Both the production and quality of the mangoes are hampered by many diseases. These diseases need to be effectively controlled and mitigated. Therefore, a quick and accurate diagnosis of the disorders is essential. Deep convolutional neural networks, renowned for their independence in feature extraction, have established their value in numerous detection and classification tasks. However, it requires large training datasets and several parameters that need careful adjustment. The proposed Modified Dense Convolutional Network (MDCN) provides a successful classification scheme for plant diseases affecting mango leaves. This model employs the strength… More >

  • Open Access


    Unknown DDoS Attack Detection with Fuzzy C-Means Clustering and Spatial Location Constraint Prototype Loss

    Thanh-Lam Nguyen1, Hao Kao1, Thanh-Tuan Nguyen2, Mong-Fong Horng1,*, Chin-Shiuh Shieh1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2181-2205, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047387

    Abstract Since its inception, the Internet has been rapidly evolving. With the advancement of science and technology and the explosive growth of the population, the demand for the Internet has been on the rise. Many applications in education, healthcare, entertainment, science, and more are being increasingly deployed based on the internet. Concurrently, malicious threats on the internet are on the rise as well. Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are among the most common and dangerous threats on the internet today. The scale and complexity of DDoS attacks are constantly growing. Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) have been deployed and have demonstrated… More >

  • Open Access


    Social Robot Detection Method with Improved Graph Neural Networks

    Zhenhua Yu, Liangxue Bai, Ou Ye*, Xuya Cong

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1773-1795, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.047130

    Abstract Social robot accounts controlled by artificial intelligence or humans are active in social networks, bringing negative impacts to network security and social life. Existing social robot detection methods based on graph neural networks suffer from the problem of many social network nodes and complex relationships, which makes it difficult to accurately describe the difference between the topological relations of nodes, resulting in low detection accuracy of social robots. This paper proposes a social robot detection method with the use of an improved neural network. First, social relationship subgraphs are constructed by leveraging the user’s social network to disentangle intricate social… More >

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