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Search Results (18)
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MAPK9 as a therapeutic target: unveiling ferroptosis in localized prostate cancer progression

    CHENG-GONG LUO1,2,#, JIAO ZHANG1,#, YUN-ZHAO AN1, XUAN LIU1, SHUAI-JIE LI1, WEI ZHANG1, KAI LI1, XU ZHAO1, DONG-BO YUAN1, LING-YUE AN1, WEI CHEN2, YE TIAN1,*, BIN XU1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.5, pp. 771-792, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.048878

    Abstract Background: Ferroptosis, a lipid peroxidation-mediated programmed cell death, is closely linked to tumor development, including prostate cancer (PCa). Despite established connections between ferroptosis and PCa, a comprehensive investigation is essential for understanding its impact on patient prognosis. Methods: A risk model incorporating four ferroptosis-related genes was developed and validated. Elevated risk scores correlated with an increased likelihood of biochemical recurrence (BCR), diminished immune infiltration, and adverse clinicopathological characteristics. To corroborate these results, we performed validation analyses utilizing datasets from both the Cancer Genome Atlas Cohort (TCGA) and the Gene Expression Synthesis Cohort (GEO). Moreover, we conducted further investigations into the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CircTHSD4 promotes the malignancy and docetaxel (DTX) resistance in prostate cancer by regulating miR-203/HMGA2 axis

    JIANYUN XIE1,*, LINJIE LU1, JIALI ZHANG1, QIRUI LI2, WEIDONG CHEN1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.3, pp. 529-544, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.031511

    Abstract Objective: Circular ribose nucleic acids (circRNAs) are implicated in tumor progression and drug resistance of prostate cancer (PCa). The current work explored the function of circ_0005203 (circTHSD4) in the malignancy and docetaxel (DTX) resistance of PCa. Methods: circTHSD4 expression within PCa as well as matched non-carcinoma samples was measured through real-time reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). In addition, a subcellular fraction assay was conducted to determine circTHSD4 subcellular localization within PCa cells. In addition, we performed a Western blot (WB) assay to detect high-mobility-group A2 protein (HMGA2) levels. Besides, functional associations of two molecules were investigated through dual luciferase… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Targeted anti-tumor synergistic effects of Myc decoy oligodeoxynucleotides-loaded selenium nanostructure combined with chemoradiotherapy on LNCaP prostate cancer cells

    ROGHAYEH GHORBANI1, MAHMOUD GHARBAVI2, ALI SHARAFI3,4, ELHAM RISMANI5, HAMED REZAEEJAM6, YOUSEF MORTAZAVI1,*, BEHROOZ JOHARI3,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.1, pp. 101-125, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.044741

    Abstract In the present study, we investigated the synergistic effects of targeted methotrexate-selenium nanostructure containing Myc decoy oligodeoxynucleotides along with X-irradiation exposure as a combination therapy on LNCaP prostate cancer cells. Myc decoy ODNs were designed based on the promoter of Bcl-2 gene and analyzed by molecular docking and molecular dynamics assays. ODNs were loaded on the synthesized Se@BSA@Chi-MTX nanostructure. The physicochemical characteristics of nanostructures were determined by FTIR, DLS, UV-vis, TEM, EDX, in vitro release, and hemolysis tests. Subsequently, the cytotoxicity properties of them with and without X-irradiation were investigated by uptake, MTT, cell cycle, apoptosis, and scratch assays on… More > Graphic Abstract

    Targeted anti-tumor synergistic effects of Myc decoy oligodeoxynucleotides-loaded selenium nanostructure combined with chemoradiotherapy on LNCaP prostate cancer cells

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deoxynortryptoquivaline: A unique antiprostate cancer agent

    YOHKO YAMAZAKI1,*, MANABU KAWADA2, ISAO MOMOSE1

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.6, pp. 845-853, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.030266

    Abstract The androgen receptor (AR) is a critical target in all the clinical stages of prostate cancer. To identify a new AR inhibitor, we constructed a new screening system using the androgen-dependent growth of prostate cancer cell lines as a screening indicator. We screened 50,000 culture broths of microorganisms using this screening system and found that the fermentation broth produced by a fungus inhibited androgen-dependent growth of human prostate cancer LNCaP cells without cytotoxicity. Purification of this culture medium was performed, and this resulted in deoxynortryptoquivaline (DNT) being identified as a novel inhibitor of AR function. DNT showed potent inhibition of… More > Graphic Abstract

    Deoxynortryptoquivaline: A unique antiprostate cancer agent

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mutations in epigenetic regulator KMT2C detected by liquid biopsy are associated with worse survival in prostate cancer patients

    SHA ZHU#, NANWEI XU#, JIAYU LIANG, FENGNIAN ZHAO, ZILIN WANG, YUCHAO NI, JINDONG DAI, JINGE ZHAO, XINGMING ZHANG, JUNRU CHEN, GUANGXI SUN, PENGFEI SHEN*, HAO ZENG*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.4, pp. 605-614, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.028321

    Abstract Background: KMT2 (lysine methyltransferase) family enzymes are epigenetic regulators that activate gene transcription. KMT2C is mainly involved in enhancer-associated H3K4me1, and is also one of the top mutated genes in cancer (6.6% in pan-cancer). Currently, the clinical significance of KMT2C mutations in prostate cancer is understudied. Methods: We included 221 prostate cancer patients diagnosed between 2014 and 2021 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University with cell-free DNA-based liquid biopsy test results in this study. We investigated the association between KMT2C mutations, other mutations, and pathways. Furthermore, we evaluated the prognostic value of KMT2C mutations, measured by overall survival (OS)… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Dissecting the effects of androgen deprivation therapy on cadherin switching in advanced prostate cancer: A molecular perspective

    LOKMAN VARISLI1,2, VEYSEL TOLAN1, JIYAN H. CEN3, SPIROS VLAHOPOULOS4, OSMAN CEN5,6,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.30, No.3, pp. 137-155, 2022, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.026074

    Abstract Prostate cancer is one of the most often diagnosed malignancies in males and its prevalence is rising in both developed and developing countries. Androgen deprivation therapy has been used as a standard treatment approach for advanced prostate cancer for more than 80 years. The primary aim of androgen deprivation therapy is to decrease circulatory androgen and block androgen signaling. Although a partly remediation is accomplished at the beginning of treatment, some cell populations become refractory to androgen deprivation therapy and continue to metastasize. Recent evidences suggest that androgen deprivation therapy may cause cadherin switching, from E-cadherin to N-cadherin, which is… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Ferroptosis’s Role in Genitourinary System Cancer

    Chaoying Liu1,#, Xinfeng Yang2,#, Ye Wang2,#, Keyu Wu2, Siqiang Li2, Gailing Wang2, Yun Li2, Chuanfeng Li2, Mingcheng Wang2, Enzhong Li2,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 679-691, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.025705

    Abstract A cell is the basic unit of life, and death is inevitable for any cell. However, cancer cells that deviate from the normal track can resist death and survive. Ferroptosis is recently discovered as a modulated cell death different from other known forms of cell death in morphology, biochemistry, and genetics. It is characterized by iron-dependent lipid peroxidation regulated by various metabolic pathways. The incidence and mortality of genitourinary system cancer have been increasing recently. Although clinical practice therapy techniques have improved, no plan with a positive prognosis has been identified. For the therapy of cancer, ferroptosis opens up new… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prognostic model for prostate cancer based on glycolysis-related genes and non-negative matrix factorization analysis

    ZECHAO LU1,#, FUCAI TANG1,#, HAOBIN ZHOU2,#, ZEGUANG LU3,#, WANYAN CAI4,#, JIAHAO ZHANG5, ZHICHENG TANG6, YONGCHANG LAI1,*, ZHAOHUI HE1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 339-350, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.023750

    Abstract Background: Establishing an appropriate prognostic model for PCa is essential for its effective treatment. Glycolysis is a vital energy-harvesting mechanism for tumors. Developing a prognostic model for PCa based on glycolysis-related genes is novel and has great potential. Methods: First, gene expression and clinical data of PCa patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), and glycolysis-related genes were obtained from the Molecular Signatures Database (MSigDB). Gene enrichment analysis was performed to verify that glycolysis functions were enriched in the genes we obtained, which were used in non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) to identify clusters.… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    The Effect of Oncogene Proteins of Human Papillomaviruses on Apoptosis Pathways in Prostate Cancer

    Robabeh Faghani Baladehi1,2, Mohammad Yousef Memar1, Abolfazl Jafari Sales3, Ahad Bazmani1,4, Javid Sadri Nahand1,5,6, Parisa Shiri Aghbash2,7, Hossein Bannazadeh Baghi1,2,7,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 227-245, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.020648

    Abstract The ability of host cells to activate apoptosis is perhaps the most potent weapon for helping cells eliminate viruses. Human papillomaviruses (HPV) activate several pathways, enabling the infected cells to avoid extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis pathways. The incapacity of prostatic epithelial cells to induce apoptosis leads to the invasive development of prostate cancer. For the pathogenesis of prostate cancer, several risk factors have been reported; for example, some viruses and infectious diseases have been proposed as causative agents for their relation to prostate diseases. According to several studies, high-risk human papillomaviruses cause malignancy by interfering with the apoptotic and inflammatory… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    miR-615 Inhibits Prostate Cancer Cell Proliferation and Invasion by Directly Targeting Cyclin D2

    Fengyu Huang*†, Hongjun Zhao, Zhaojin Du, Hong Jiang§

    Oncology Research, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 293-299, 2019, DOI:10.3727/096504018X15190399381143

    Abstract Previous studies have reported that miR-615 exerts a tumor suppressor role in some tumors, such as esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and non-small cell lung cancer. However, the role of miR-615 in prostate cancer has not been defined. Here we found that miR-615 was downregulated in prostate cancer tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of miR-615 in PC-3 cells significantly inhibited cellular proliferation, migration, and invasion. Moreover, overexpression of miR-615 delayed tumor growth in vivo. In terms of mechanism, we found that cyclin D2 (CCND2) is a target gene of miR-615 in prostate cancer. We showed that miR-615 could bind to the… More >

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