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  • Open Access


    Potassium-Induced Regulation of Cellular Antioxidant Defense and Improvement of Physiological Processes in Wheat under Water Deficit Condition

    Abdul Awal Chowdhury Masud1, Md. Fazlul Karim1, M. H. M. Borhannuddin Bhuyan2, Jubayer Al Mahmud3, Kamrun Nahar4, Masayuki Fujita5, Mirza Hasanuzzaman1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.2, pp. 353-372, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.013259

    Abstract Drought is the most common form of abiotic stress that reduces plant growth and productivity. It causes plant injuries through elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Potassium (K) is a vital plant nutrient that notably ameliorates the detrimental effect of drought stress in the plant. A pot experiment was conducted at the Laboratory of Plant Stress Responses, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University, Japan, under controlled environment of green house to explore the role of K in mitigating drought severity in wheat (Triticum asevitum L.) seedlings. Three days after germination, seedlings were exposed to three water regimes viz., 100, 50,… More >

  • Open Access


    Allelopathic Potential and Mechanism of Rosebay Willowherb [Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop.] Demonstrated on Model Plant Lettuce

    Hailin Shi#, Shiwei Sun#, Xiaohong Liu, Jiahe Fan, Jin Wang, Ke Zhao, Wei Wang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.1, pp. 159-170, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.011620

    Abstract Allelopathic plants are important resources for the discovery of bioherbicides. Rosebay willowherb [Chamaenerion angustifolium (L.) Scop. syn. Epilobium angustifolium L.] widely distributes in Western Asia, Europe, and North America, and behaves as a dominant species within the community due to the production of substances that restrict growth of other plants. This study aims at investigating the allelopathic potential of rosebay willowherb by evaluation of the effects of aqueous extracts from different parts on seed germination and seedling growth in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), as well as measuring the accumulation of reactive oxygen species and structural analysis of root tips via… More >

  • Open Access


    Oxidative Stress Tolerance Mechanism in Rice under Salinity

    Mahmuda Binte Monsur1, Nasrin Akter Ivy1, M. Moynul Haque2, Mirza Hasanuzzaman3, Ayman EL Sabagh4,5,*, Md. Motiar Rohman6,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.3, pp. 497-517, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09144

    Abstract The research was conducted to investigate comparative oxidative damage including probable protective roles of antioxidant and glyoxalase systems in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings under salinity stress. Seedlings of two rice genotypes: Pokkali (tolerant) and BRRI dhan28 (sensitive) were subjected to 8 dSm−1 salinity stress for seven days in a hydroponic system. We observed significant variation between Pokkali and BRRI dhan28 in phenotypic, biochemical and molecular level under salinity stress. Carotenoid content, ion homeostasis, antioxidant enzymes, ascorbate and glutathione redox system and proline accumulation may help Pokkali to develop defense system during salinity stress. However, the activity antioxidant enzymes particularly… More >

  • Open Access


    Cell viability in the cadmium-stressed cell suspension cultures of tobacco is regulated by extracellular ATP, possibly by a reactive oxygen species-associated mechanism

    Zhenzhen SHI, Jiaxin CAO, Hailong PANG, Lingyun JIA, Kun SUN, Hanqing FENG*

    BIOCELL, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 89-99, 2020, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2020.08059

    Abstract Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most widespread and toxic heavy metals to plants. Extracellular ATP (exATP) is thought to be an extracellular effector in regulating the physiological responses of plant cells to environmental stresses. However, the function of exATP in Cd-stressed plant cells is much unknown. The present work showed that treating tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Bright Yellow-2) cell-suspension cultures with exogenous CdCl2 reduced the cell viability, exATP level, and Mg content. However, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), Cd content, and electrolyte leakage of the cells were enhanced by exogenous CdCl2. When the Cd-induced accumulation of… More >

  • Open Access


    Brief Note: Reactive oxygen species in bovine embryo in vitro production


    BIOCELL, Vol.29, No.2, pp. 209-212, 2005, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2005.29.209

    Abstract Oxidative modifications of cell components due to the action of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is one of the most potentially damaging processes for proper cell function. However, in the last few years it has been observed that ROS participate in physiological processes. The aim of this work was to determine ROS generation during in vitro production of bovine embryos. Cumulus-oocyte complexes were recovered by aspiration of antral follicles from ovaries obtained from slaughtered cows and cultured in medium 199 for 22 h at 39ºC in 5% CO2: 95% humidified air. In vitro fertilization was carried out in IVF-mSOF with frozenthawed… More >

  • Open Access


    Preimplantation embryotoxicity after mouse embryo exposition to reactive oxygen species


    BIOCELL, Vol.31, No.1, pp. 51-59, 2007, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2007.31.051

    Abstract Exposure of either gametes or embryos to conditions and/or factors that generate oxidative stress has been associated with impaired early embryogenesis. The effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on mouse preimplantation development, depending of the ROS-concentration and time of exposition, were studied. Two-cell embryos were incubated with 5, 10, 25 and 50 μM of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for 30 and 60 minutes of exposition and allowed to develop for 72 h to study the quality of development. The incubation with 50 μM H2O2 for 30 or 60 minutes, strongly inhibited the 2-cell embryo development as compared to the control (p<0.001).… More >

  • Open Access


    Detection of ROS and translocation of ERP-57 in apoptotic induced human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells

    Atif Kamil1, Mubarak Ali Khan1, Muhammad AAsim2, Nadir Zaman Khan2, Raham Sher Khan1, Muhsin Jamal3, Waqar Ahmad4, Mir Azam Khan4, Fazal Jalil4

    BIOCELL, Vol.43, No.3, pp. 167-174, 2019, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2019.06729

    Abstract Several toxic compounds are known to induce apoptosis in mammalian cell lines. The human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y) were exposed to the phosphatase inhibiting toxin okadaic acid (OA) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to induce apoptosis as well as generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). Mitoxantrone (MXT) was used as a positive control for apoptosis. The SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with eukaryotic expression plasmid pHyPer-dMito encoding mitochondrial-targeted fluorescent or pHyPer-dCito encoding cytoplasmic-targeted fluorescent sensor for hydrogen peroxide (HyPer). The ERp57, also called GRP58 (Glucose-regulated protein 58), is a stress protein induced in conditions like glucose starvation and viral infection. Recently ERp57 was shown… More >

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