Home / Advanced Search

  • Title/Keywords

  • Author/Affliations

  • Journal

  • Article Type

  • Start Year

  • End Year

Update SearchingClear
  • Articles
  • Online
Search Results (42)
  • Open Access


    Cd and Hg Mediated Oxidative Stress, Antioxidative Metabolism and Molecular Changes in Soybean (Glycine max L.)

    Sheeba Naaz1,2, Nadeem Ahmad2, Asma A. Al-Huqail3, Mohammad Irfan4, Faheema Khan3, Mohammad Irfan Qureshi1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.6, pp. 1725-1742, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026100

    Abstract Cadmium (Cd) and Mercury (Hg) is among the heavy metals most hazardous for plant and human health. Known to induce oxidative stress in plants and disbalance equilibrium in the antioxidant defence system, these metals alter plant growth and cause damage at the cellular and molecular levels. Soybean is an important oilseed crop that is raised in soils often contaminated by Cd and Hg. The comparative studies on the deleterious effect of Cd and Hg and the defence system of antioxidants were not studied earlier in soybean plant. In this study, soybean plants were exposed to Cd (100 µM CdCl2) and… More >

  • Open Access


    Estimation of Genetic Divergence and Character Association Studies in Local and Exotic Diversity Panels of Soybean (Glycine max L.) Genotypes

    Syed Ali Zafar1,*, Muhammad Aslam2, Haroon Zaman Khan3, Sehrish Sarwar1, Rao Saad Rehman4, Mariam Hassan1, Ramala Masood Ahmad2, Rafaqat A. Gill5, Basharat Ali6, Ibrahim Al-Ashkar7, Abdullah Ibrahim7, Md Atikur Rahman8, Ayman El Sabagh9,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.6, pp. 1887-1906, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027679

    Abstract The availability of favorable genetic diversity is a thriving vitality for the success of a breeding program. It provides a firm basis of selecting superior breeding lines for the development of high yielding crop genotypes. In this context, present investigation aimed to generate information on genetic divergence and character association in a diversity panel of 123 local and exotic soybean genotypes. Analysis of variance revealed significant response of the evaluated genotypes based on studied attributes. It depicted the probability of selecting desirable soybean genotypes by focusing on character association studies and genetic diversity analysis. Correlation analysis revealed that seed yield… More >

  • Open Access


    Identification of Resistance to Pathogenesis Related Protein GmPR1L in Tobacco Botrytis cinerea Infection

    Yeyao Du1,#, Ye Zhang2,#, Yang Song1, Zhuo Zhang1, Sujie Fan1, Hanzhu Zhang1, Piwu Wang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.6, pp. 1907-1920, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027607

    Abstract Soybean (Glycine max (Linn.) Merr.) annual leguminous crop is cultivated all over the world. The occurrence of diseases has a great impact on the yield and quality of soybean. In this study, based on the RNA-seq of soybean variety M18, a complete CDS (Coding sequence) GmPR1L of the pathogenesis-related protein 1 family was obtained, which has the ability to resist fungal diseases. The overexpression vector and interference expression vector were transferred into tobacco NC89, and the resistance of transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) to Botrytis cinerea infection was identified. The results show that: Compared with the control, the activities of… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Study for the Cementation Effect of Dust Soil by Using Soybean Urease

    Jianwei Zhang1, Yue Yin1, Lei Shi1, Yi Han2, Mi Zhou3,*, Xihong Zhang4

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.6, pp. 2893-2911, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.025436

    Abstract Dust is an environmental and health hazard. In this study, a new technology for dust suppressant is introduced using soybean urease with an optimal cementing solution. Calcium carbonate is produced by soybean urease and cementing solution, which bonds the soil particles towards a dust suppressant. A laboratory wind tunnel test is carried out to examine its effectiveness and discover possible optimization solutions. Several factors, including soybean meal concentration, cementing solution concentration, and volume of solution per unit area, are examined to quantify their influences on soil transport mass, evaporation ratio, evaporation rate, surface strength, water retention ratio, and infiltration rate… More >

  • Open Access


    The Improvement of Soybean Salt Tolerance by Overexpressed GmPAO1

    Yeyao Du, Yang Song, Ye Zhang, Sujie Fan, Hanzhu Zhang, Piwu Wang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1109-1124, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.025503

    Abstract Polyamines play an important regulatory role during plant growth and development and adversity stress, and polyamine oxidase (PAO) is involved in polyamine catabolism. In this study, an up-regulated polyamine oxidase gene GmPAO1 was obtained by transcriptome sequencing analysis and screening at soybean seedling stages. Also, its expression pattern and function were analyzed. The identification results of transgenic GmPAO1 soybean positive lines showed that the relative expression level of GmPAO1 in the overexpressed lines was increased under salt stress. With increasing stress concentration, the seed germination rate decreased. However, the seed germination rate of the overexpressed lines was significantly higher than… More >

  • Open Access


    Bioinformatics and Functional Analysis of High Oleic Acid-Related Gene GmSAM22 in Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]

    Shuo Qu1, Qi Cai2, Huimin Cui1, Lamboro Abraham1, Yaolei Jiao1, Guilong Ma2, Piwu Wang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 501-519, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.023479

    Abstract High yield, high quality, stable yield, adaptability to growth period, and modern mechanization are the basic requirements for crops in the 21st century. Soybean oleic acid is a natural unsaturated fatty acid with strong antioxidant properties and stability. Known as a safe fatty acid, it has the ability to successfully prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disorders. Improving the fatty acid composition of soybean seeds, can not only speed up the breeding process of high-quality high-oil and high-oleic soybeans, but also have important significance in human health, and provide the possibility for the development of soybean oil as a new energy source.… More >

  • Open Access


    Bio-Based High Functionality Polyols and Their Use in 1K Polyurethane Coatings

    Thomas J. Nelson, Lindsey Bultema, Neal Eidenschink, Dean C. Webster*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 141-153, 2013, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2013.634113

    Abstract Bio-based polyols with high functionality were successfully synthesized by ring-opening epoxidized sucrose esters of soybean oil with methanol under acidic conditions, and were subsequently formulated with blocked isocyanates to form one package polyurethanes (1KPU). The bio-based polyols were characterized by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1 H-NMR) spectroscopy, and Brookfi eld viscosity. Bio-based coatings were prepared by formulating the polyols with blocked polyisocyanates based on isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) and hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI). Two types of bio-based polyols were synthesized and the ratio of NCO:OH functional groups was varied to explore the effect… More >

  • Open Access


    Formaldehyde-Free Wood Composites from Soybean Protein Adhesive

    Richard C. Ferguson, Sharathkumar K. Mendon, James W. Rawlins*, Shelby F. Thames

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 166-172, 2014, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2013.634133

    Abstract Commercial particleboards are currently synthesized by blending wood furnish with formaldehyde-based resins and curing them under a combination of heat and pressure. Particleboards manufactured with urea-formaldehyde resin are known to liberate formaldehyde during their service lives. Formaldehyde’s carcinogenicity has prompted the search for environmentally-friendly resins for wood composite manufacture. Soybean protein-based adhesives have been developed as a renewable and formaldehyde-free replacement for urea-formaldehyde resins. Particleboards processed using the soybean protein adhesive matched or exceeded performance criteria of M-2-grade commercial particleboards when evaluated as per American National Standards Institute (ANSI) specifi cations. More >

  • Open Access


    Catalytic Pyrolysis of Soybean Oil with CaO/Bio-Char Based Catalyst to Produce High Quality Biofuel

    Lujiang Xu, Geliang Xie, Xianjun Zhou, Yucheng Liu, Zhen Fang*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.12, pp. 3107-3118, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.020691

    Abstract In this paper, CaO/bio-char was synthesized by directly co-pyrolysis of Ca(OH)2 and rice straw, and used as catalyst to catalytic pyrolysis of soybean oil to produce high quality biofuel. In this co-pyrolysis process, CaO particles has been successfully embedded on the bio-char surface. During the catalytic pyrolysis process, CaO/bio-char showed a good catalytic performance on the deoxygenation of soybean oil. Pyrolysis temperature affected the pyrolysis reactions and pyrolytic products distributions dramatically, higher pyrolysis temperature lead to seriously cracking reactions, lower bio-oil yield and higher gases yield, and lower pyrolysis temperature lead to higher bio-oil yield with higher oxygenated compounds content… More > Graphic Abstract

    Catalytic Pyrolysis of Soybean Oil with CaO/Bio-Char Based Catalyst to Produce High Quality Biofuel

  • Open Access


    Effects of Drought Stress on Key Enzymes of Carbon Metabolism, Photosynthetic Characteristics and Agronomic Traits of Soybean at the Flowering Stage under Different Soil Substrates

    Shuang Song1, Xiaomei Li2, Xin Wang1, Qi Zhou1, Yongping Li1, Xiaojing Wang1, Shoukun Dong1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.11, pp. 2475-2490, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021090

    Abstract Soybean is an important legume food crop, and its seeds are rich in nutrients, providing humans and animals with edible oil and protein feed. However, soybean is sensitive to water requirements, and drought is an important factor limiting soybean yield and quality. This study used Heinong 84 (drought resistant variety) and Hefeng 46 (intermediate variety) as tested varieties planted in chernozem, albic, and black soils. The effects of drought stress on the activities of key enzymes in carbon metabolism and photosynthetic characteristics of soybean were studied during the flowering stage, most sensitive to water. (1) The activities of SS-1, 6PGDH,… More >

Displaying 1-10 on page 1 of 42. Per Page  

Share Link