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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Highly Differentiated Target Detection under Extremely Low-Light Conditions Based on Improved YOLOX Model

    Haijian Shao1,2,*, Suqin Lei1, Chenxu Yan3, Xing Deng1, Yunsong Qi1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1507-1537, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.050140

    Abstract This paper expounds upon a novel target detection methodology distinguished by its elevated discriminatory efficacy, specifically tailored for environments characterized by markedly low luminance levels. Conventional methodologies struggle with the challenges posed by luminosity fluctuations, especially in settings characterized by diminished radiance, further exacerbated by the utilization of suboptimal imaging instrumentation. The envisioned approach mandates a departure from the conventional YOLOX model, which exhibits inadequacies in mitigating these challenges. To enhance the efficacy of this approach in low-light conditions, the dehazing algorithm undergoes refinement, effecting a discerning regulation of the transmission rate at the pixel… More > Graphic Abstract

    Highly Differentiated Target Detection under Extremely Low-Light Conditions Based on Improved YOLOX Model

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Image Fusion Using Wavelet Transformation and XGboost Algorithm

    Shahid Naseem1, Tariq Mahmood2,3, Amjad Rehman Khan2, Umer Farooq1, Samra Nawazish4, Faten S. Alamri5,*, Tanzila Saba2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 801-817, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047623

    Abstract Recently, there have been several uses for digital image processing. Image fusion has become a prominent application in the domain of imaging processing. To create one final image that proves more informative and helpful compared to the original input images, image fusion merges two or more initial images of the same item. Image fusion aims to produce, enhance, and transform significant elements of the source images into combined images for the sake of human visual perception. Image fusion is commonly employed for feature extraction in smart robots, clinical imaging, audiovisual camera integration, manufacturing process monitoring,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Decoupling Algorithms for the Gravitational Wave Spacecraft

    Xue Wang1,2, Weizhou Zhu1,2, Zhao Cui2,3, Xingguang Qian2,3, Jinke Yang1,2, Jianjun Jia1,2,*, Yikun Wang2,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 325-337, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048804

    Abstract The gravitational wave spacecraft is a complex multi-input multi-output dynamic system. The gravitational wave detection mission requires the spacecraft to achieve single spacecraft with two laser links and high-precision control. Establishing one spacecraft with two laser links, compared to one spacecraft with a single laser link, requires an upgraded decoupling algorithm for the link establishment. The decoupling algorithm we designed reassigns the degrees of freedom and forces in the control loop to ensure sufficient degrees of freedom for optical axis control. In addressing the distinct dynamic characteristics of different degrees of freedom, a transfer function More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Microwave–Induced Thermo-Responsive Shape Memory Polyurethane/MWCNTs Composites and Improved their Shape Memory and Mechanical Properties

    KRISHAN KUMAR PATEL, RAJESH PUROHIT

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 23-37, 2019, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2019.36.01.3

    Abstract Microwave (MV)-induced thermo-responsive shape memory thermoplastic polyurethane (SMTPU)/ MWCNT composites were prepared in micro-compounder. Composites containing different amount of multiwall Carbon nanotube (MWCNT) varying from 0 to 1.5 phr in SMTPU matrix were prepared. Maximum stretching strength, recovery force and tensile strength for 1.5 CNTPU (1.5 phr MWCNT in SMTPU matrix) was increased by 120%, 100% and 24% respectively as compared to SMTPU. MV-induced shape memory is a novel approach for fast, clean and remote heating during operation. MWCNT is strong absorber of microwave irradiation so that SMTPU/ MWCNTs nanocomposites successfully triggered by microwave. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Linear and Non-Linear Dynamics of Inertial Waves in a Rotating Cylinder with Antiparallel Inclined Ends

    Mariya Shiryaeva1, Mariya Subbotina2, Stanislav Subbotin1,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 787-802, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.048165

    Abstract This work is devoted to the experimental study of inertial wave regimes in a non-uniform rotating cylinder with antiparallel inclined ends. In this setting, the cross-section of the cylinder is divided into two regions where the fluid depth increases or decreases with radius. Three different regimes are found: inertial wave attractor, global oscillations (the cavity’s resonant modes) and regime of symmetric reflection of wave beams. In linear wave regimes, a steady single vortex elongated along the rotation axis is generated. The location of the wave’s interaction with the sloping ends determines the vortex position and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of Bottom Inclination on the Flow Structure in a Rotating Convective Layer

    Andrei Vasiliev, Andrei Sukhanovskii*, Elena Popova

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 739-748, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.048092

    Abstract The formation of convective flows in a rotating cylindrical layer with an inclined bottom and free surface is studied. Convection is driven by localized cooling at the center of the upper free surface and by rim heating at the bottom near the sidewall. The horizontal temperature difference in a rotating layer leads to the formation of a convective flow with a complex structure. The mean meridional circulation, consisting of three cells, provides a strongly non-uniform differential rotation. As a result of the instability of the main cyclonic zonal flow, the train of baroclinic waves appears… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Olive Leaf Disease Detection via Wavelet Transform and Feature Fusion of Pre-Trained Deep Learning Models

    Mahmood A. Mahmood1,2,*, Khalaf Alsalem1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3431-3448, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047604

    Abstract Olive trees are susceptible to a variety of diseases that can cause significant crop damage and economic losses. Early detection of these diseases is essential for effective management. We propose a novel transformed wavelet, feature-fused, pre-trained deep learning model for detecting olive leaf diseases. The proposed model combines wavelet transforms with pre-trained deep-learning models to extract discriminative features from olive leaf images. The model has four main phases: preprocessing using data augmentation, three-level wavelet transformation, learning using pre-trained deep learning models, and a fused deep learning model. In the preprocessing phase, the image dataset is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Sleeve Grouting Density Detection Based on the Impact Echo Method

    Pu Zhang1, Yingjun Li1, Xinyu Zhu1, Shizhan Xu1, Pinwu Guan1,*, Wei Liu2, Yanwei Guo2, Haibo Wang2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 143-159, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.046986

    Abstract Grouting defects are an inherent challenge in construction practices, exerting a considerable impact on the operational structural integrity of connections. This investigation employed the impact-echo technique for the detection of grouting anomalies within connections, enhancing its precision through the integration of wavelet packet energy principles for damage identification purposes. A series of grouting completeness assessments were meticulously conducted, taking into account variables such as the divergent material properties of the sleeves and the configuration of adjacent reinforcement. The findings revealed that: (i) the energy distribution for the high-strength concrete cohort predominantly occupied the frequency bands More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    HEAT FLOW IN THIN FILMS VIA SURFACE PHONON-POLARITONS

    Dye-Zone A. Chen, Gang Chen*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 1-6, 2010, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v1.2.3005

    Abstract We present a calculation of the thermally generated electromagnetic flux propagating along the in-plane direction of a polar, thin film. The approach is based on fluctuational electrodynamics and the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We find that for silicon carbide films between 5 nm and 100 nm thick, the thinner films transport more in-plane flux due to the long propagation length of the anti-symmetric surface phonon-polariton mode. Comparison of results obtained from the fluctuation-dissipation approach and the kinetic theory approach shows favorable agreement. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    FLOW SEPARATION IN FALLING LIQUID FILMS

    Georg F. Dietze, Reinhold Kneer

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 1-14, 2011, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v2.3.3001

    Abstract Despite the use of liquid films in a wide variety of technical applications involving heat and mass transfer (e.g. nuclear reactors, cooling towers and gas turbines), where they often play an important role, the underlying momentum and heat transport processes within these thin liquid layers remain to be fully elucidated. In particular, this applies to the influence that surface waves, developing due to the film’s natural instability, exert on the mentioned processes. In this context, it has been suggested by several experimental and numerical observations that momentum and heat transfer in the capillary wave region… More >

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