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  • Open Access


    A Real-Time Small Target Vehicle Detection Algorithm with an Improved YOLOv5m Network Model

    Yaoyao Du, Xiangkui Jiang*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 303-327, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046068

    Abstract To address the challenges of high complexity, poor real-time performance, and low detection rates for small target vehicles in existing vehicle object detection algorithms, this paper proposes a real-time lightweight architecture based on You Only Look Once (YOLO) v5m. Firstly, a lightweight upsampling operator called Content-Aware Reassembly of Features (CARAFE) is introduced in the feature fusion layer of the network to maximize the extraction of deep-level features for small target vehicles, reducing the missed detection rate and false detection rate. Secondly, a new prediction layer for tiny targets is added, and the feature fusion network is redesigned to enhance the… More >

  • Open Access


    YOLO-DD: Improved YOLOv5 for Defect Detection

    Jinhai Wang1, Wei Wang1, Zongyin Zhang1, Xuemin Lin1, Jingxian Zhao1, Mingyou Chen1, Lufeng Luo2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 759-780, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041600

    Abstract As computer technology continues to advance, factories have increasingly higher demands for detecting defects. However, detecting defects in a plant environment remains a challenging task due to the presence of complex backgrounds and defects of varying shapes and sizes. To address this issue, this paper proposes YOLO-DD, a defect detection model based on YOLOv5 that is effective and robust. To improve the feature extraction process and better capture global information, the vanilla YOLOv5 is augmented with a new module called Relative-Distance-Aware Transformer (RDAT). Additionally, an Information Gap Filling Strategy (IGFS) is proposed to improve the fusion of features at different… More >

  • Open Access


    Zero-DCE++ Inspired Object Detection in Less Illuminated Environment Using Improved YOLOv5

    Ananthakrishnan Balasundaram1,*, Anshuman Mohanty2, Ayesha Shaik1, Krishnadoss Pradeep2, Kedalu Poornachary Vijayakumar2, Muthu Subash Kavitha3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 2751-2769, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044374

    Abstract Automated object detection has received the most attention over the years. Use cases ranging from autonomous driving applications to military surveillance systems, require robust detection of objects in different illumination conditions. State-of-the-art object detectors tend to fare well in object detection during daytime conditions. However, their performance is severely hampered in night light conditions due to poor illumination. To address this challenge, the manuscript proposes an improved YOLOv5-based object detection framework for effective detection in unevenly illuminated nighttime conditions. Firstly, the preprocessing strategies involve using the Zero-DCE++ approach to enhance lowlight images. It is followed by optimizing the existing YOLOv5… More >

  • Open Access


    Detection of Safety Helmet-Wearing Based on the YOLO_CA Model

    Xiaoqin Wu, Songrong Qian*, Ming Yang

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3349-3366, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043671

    Abstract Safety helmets can reduce head injuries from object impacts and lower the probability of safety accidents, as well as being of great significance to construction safety. However, for a variety of reasons, construction workers nowadays may not strictly enforce the rules of wearing safety helmets. In order to strengthen the safety of construction site, the traditional practice is to manage it through methods such as regular inspections by safety officers, but the cost is high and the effect is poor. With the popularization and application of construction site video monitoring, manual video monitoring has been realized for management, but the… More >

  • Open Access


    C2Net-YOLOv5: A Bidirectional Res2Net-Based Traffic Sign Detection Algorithm

    Xiujuan Wang1, Yiqi Tian1,*, Kangfeng Zheng2, Chutong Liu3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1949-1965, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042224

    Abstract Rapid advancement of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and autonomous driving (AD) have shown the importance of accurate and efficient detection of traffic signs. However, certain drawbacks, such as balancing accuracy and real-time performance, hinder the deployment of traffic sign detection algorithms in ITS and AD domains. In this study, a novel traffic sign detection algorithm was proposed based on the bidirectional Res2Net architecture to achieve an improved balance between accuracy and speed. An enhanced backbone network module, called C2Net, which uses an upgraded bidirectional Res2Net, was introduced to mitigate information loss in the feature extraction process and to achieve information… More >

  • Open Access


    A Transmission and Transformation Fault Detection Algorithm Based on Improved YOLOv5

    Xinliang Tang1, Xiaotong Ru1, Jingfang Su1,*, Gabriel Adonis2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 2997-3011, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038923

    Abstract On the transmission line, the invasion of foreign objects such as kites, plastic bags, and balloons and the damage to electronic components are common transmission line faults. Detecting these faults is of great significance for the safe operation of power systems. Therefore, a YOLOv5 target detection method based on a deep convolution neural network is proposed. In this paper, Mobilenetv2 is used to replace Cross Stage Partial (CSP)-Darknet53 as the backbone. The structure uses depth-wise separable convolution toreduce the amount of calculation and parameters; improve the detection rate. At the same time, to compensate for the detection accuracy, the Squeeze-and-Excitation… More >

  • Open Access


    Contamination Identification of Lentinula Edodes Logs Based on Improved YOLOv5s

    Xuefei Chen1, Wenhui Tan2, Qiulan Wu1,*, Feng Zhang1, Xiumei Guo1, Zixin Zhu1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 3143-3157, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.040903

    Abstract In order to improve the accuracy and efficiency of Lentinula edodes logs contamination identification, an improved YOLOv5s contamination identification model for Lentinula edodes logs (YOLOv5s-CGGS) is proposed in this paper. Firstly, a CA (coordinate attention) mechanism is introduced in the feature extraction network of YOLOv5s to improve the identifiability of Lentinula edodes logs contamination and the accuracy of target localization. Then, the CIoU (Complete-IOU) loss function is replaced by an SIoU (SCYLLA-IoU) loss function to improve the model’s convergence speed and inference accuracy. Finally, the GSConv and GhostConv modules are used to improve and optimize the feature fusion network to… More >

  • Open Access


    Underwater Waste Recognition and Localization Based on Improved YOLOv5

    Jinxing Niu1,*, Shaokui Gu1, Junmin Du2, Yongxing Hao1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 2015-2031, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040489

    Abstract With the continuous development of the economy and society, plastic pollution in rivers, lakes, oceans, and other bodies of water is increasingly severe, posing a serious challenge to underwater ecosystems. Effective cleaning up of underwater litter by robots relies on accurately identifying and locating the plastic waste. However, it often causes significant challenges such as noise interference, low contrast, and blurred textures in underwater optical images. A weighted fusion-based algorithm for enhancing the quality of underwater images is proposed, which combines weighted logarithmic transformations, adaptive gamma correction, improved multi-scale Retinex (MSR) algorithm, and the contrast limited adaptive histogram equalization (CLAHE)… More >

  • Open Access


    Accelerate Single Image Super-Resolution Using Object Detection Process

    Xiaolin Xing1, Shujie Yang1,*, Bohan Li2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1585-1597, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035415

    Abstract Image Super-Resolution (SR) research has achieved great success with powerful neural networks. The deeper networks with more parameters improve the restoration quality but add the computation complexity, which means more inference time would be cost, hindering image SR from practical usage. Noting the spatial distribution of the objects or things in images, a two-stage local objects SR system is proposed, which consists of two modules, the object detection module and the SR module. Firstly, You Only Look Once (YOLO), which is efficient in generic object detection tasks, is selected to detect the input images for obtaining objects of interest, then… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Target Tracking of Person Based on Deep Learning

    Xujun Li*, Guodong Fang, Liming Rao, Tengze Zhang

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2671-2688, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038154

    Abstract To improve the tracking accuracy of persons in the surveillance video, we proposed an algorithm for multi-target tracking persons based on deep learning. In this paper, we used You Only Look Once v5 (YOLOv5) to obtain person targets of each frame in the video and used Simple Online and Realtime Tracking with a Deep Association Metric (DeepSORT) to do cascade matching and Intersection Over Union (IOU) matching of person targets between different frames. To solve the IDSwitch problem caused by the low feature extraction ability of the Re-Identification (ReID) network in the process of cascade matching, we introduced Spatial Relation-aware… More >

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