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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    FDSC-YOLOv8: Advancements in Automated Crack Identification for Enhanced Safety in Underground Engineering

    Rui Wang1, Zhihui Liu2,*, Hongdi Liu3, Baozhong Su4, Chuanyi Ma5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.3, pp. 3035-3049, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.050806

    Abstract In underground engineering, the detection of structural cracks on tunnel surfaces stands as a pivotal task in ensuring the health and reliability of tunnel structures. However, the dim and dusty environment inherent to underground engineering poses considerable challenges to crack segmentation. This paper proposes a crack segmentation algorithm termed as Focused Detection for Subsurface Cracks YOLOv8 (FDSC-YOLOv8) specifically designed for underground engineering structural surfaces. Firstly, to improve the extraction of multi-layer convolutional features, the fixed convolutional module is replaced with a deformable convolutional module. Secondly, the model’s receptive field is enhanced by introducing a multi-branch More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    YOLO-MFD: Remote Sensing Image Object Detection with Multi-Scale Fusion Dynamic Head

    Zhongyuan Zhang, Wenqiu Zhu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2547-2563, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048755

    Abstract Remote sensing imagery, due to its high altitude, presents inherent challenges characterized by multiple scales, limited target areas, and intricate backgrounds. These inherent traits often lead to increased miss and false detection rates when applying object recognition algorithms tailored for remote sensing imagery. Additionally, these complexities contribute to inaccuracies in target localization and hinder precise target categorization. This paper addresses these challenges by proposing a solution: The YOLO-MFD model (YOLO-MFD: Remote Sensing Image Object Detection with Multi-scale Fusion Dynamic Head). Before presenting our method, we delve into the prevalent issues faced in remote sensing imagery… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Foreign Object Detection Method in Transmission Lines Based on Improved YOLOv8n

    Yakui Liu1,2,3,*, Xing Jiang1, Ruikang Xu1, Yihao Cui1, Chenhui Yu1, Jingqi Yang1, Jishuai Zhou1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1263-1279, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048864

    Abstract The rapid pace of urban development has resulted in the widespread presence of construction equipment and increasingly complex conditions in transmission corridors. These conditions pose a serious threat to the safe operation of the power grid. Machine vision technology, particularly object recognition technology, has been widely employed to identify foreign objects in transmission line images. Despite its wide application, the technique faces limitations due to the complex environmental background and other auxiliary factors. To address these challenges, this study introduces an improved YOLOv8n. The traditional stepwise convolution and pooling layers are replaced with a spatial-depth… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Efficient Unsupervised Image Stitching Using Attention Mechanism with Deep Homography Estimation

    Chunbin Qin*, Xiaotian Ran

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1319-1334, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048850

    Abstract Traditional feature-based image stitching techniques often encounter obstacles when dealing with images lacking unique attributes or suffering from quality degradation. The scarcity of annotated datasets in real-life scenes severely undermines the reliability of supervised learning methods in image stitching. Furthermore, existing deep learning architectures designed for image stitching are often too bulky to be deployed on mobile and peripheral computing devices. To address these challenges, this study proposes a novel unsupervised image stitching method based on the YOLOv8 (You Only Look Once version 8) framework that introduces deep homography networks and attention mechanisms. The methodology… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study on Enhancing Chip Detection Efficiency Using the Lightweight Van-YOLOv8 Network

    Meng Huang, Honglei Wei*, Xianyi Zhai

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 531-547, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048510

    Abstract In pursuit of cost-effective manufacturing, enterprises are increasingly adopting the practice of utilizing recycled semiconductor chips. To ensure consistent chip orientation during packaging, a circular marker on the front side is employed for pin alignment following successful functional testing. However, recycled chips often exhibit substantial surface wear, and the identification of the relatively small marker proves challenging. Moreover, the complexity of generic target detection algorithms hampers seamless deployment. Addressing these issues, this paper introduces a lightweight YOLOv8s-based network tailored for detecting markings on recycled chips, termed Van-YOLOv8. Initially, to alleviate the influence of diminutive, low-resolution… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles General Aerial Person-Vehicle Recognition Based on Improved YOLOv8s Algorithm

    Zhijian Liu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3787-3803, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048998

    Abstract Considering the variations in imaging sizes of the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) at different aerial photography heights, as well as the influence of factors such as light and weather, which can result in missed detection and false detection of the model, this paper presents a comprehensive detection model based on the improved lightweight You Only Look Once version 8s (YOLOv8s) algorithm used in natural light and infrared scenes (L_YOLO). The algorithm proposes a special feature pyramid network (SFPN) structure and substitutes most of the neck feature extraction module with the Special deformable convolution feature extraction… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Unmanned Ship Identification Based on Improved YOLOv8s Algorithm

    Chun-Ming Wu1, Jin Lei1,*, Wu-Kai Liu1, Mei-Ling Ren1, Ling-Li Ran2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3071-3088, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.047062

    Abstract Aiming at defects such as low contrast in infrared ship images, uneven distribution of ship size, and lack of texture details, which will lead to unmanned ship leakage misdetection and slow detection, this paper proposes an infrared ship detection model based on the improved YOLOv8 algorithm (R_YOLO). The algorithm incorporates the Efficient Multi-Scale Attention mechanism (EMA), the efficient Reparameterized Generalized-feature extraction module (CSPStage), the small target detection header, the Repulsion Loss function, and the context aggregation block (CABlock), which are designed to improve the model’s ability to detect targets at multiple scales and the speed… More >

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