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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Generalized nth-Order Perturbation Method Based on Loop Subdivision Surface Boundary Element Method for Three-Dimensional Broadband Structural Acoustic Uncertainty Analysis

    Ruijin Huo1,2,3, Qingxiang Pei1,2,3, Xiaohui Yuan1,*, Yanming Xu3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 2053-2077, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.049185

    Abstract In this paper, a generalized th-order perturbation method based on the isogeometric boundary element method is proposed for the uncertainty analysis of broadband structural acoustic scattering problems. The Burton-Miller method is employed to solve the problem of non-unique solutions that may be encountered in the external acoustic field, and the th-order discretization formulation of the boundary integral equation is derived. In addition, the computation of loop subdivision surfaces and the subdivision rules are introduced. In order to confirm the effectiveness of the algorithm, the computed results are contrasted and analyzed with the results under Monte More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study of Optical, Electrical and Acoustical Properties of CuSO4 Doped Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP) based Polymer Solutions

    RAJEEV KUMAR

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.37, No.3-4, pp. 131-142, 2020, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2020.37.3-4.2

    Abstract The optical, electrical and acoustical properties of a polymer solution based on polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) doped with different concentration of cupric sulphate (CuSO4 ) were studied.UVVIS spectroscopy results reflected that absorption increases in asymmetric manner and the absorption peak showed red shift with increasing Cu ions concentration. The optical band gap (direct and indirect) was found to decrease with increase in Cu ions concentration in the polymer due to increase in the density of localized states in the band-gap.The value of Urbach energy is also evaluated from the transmission spectra and the activation energies are also More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Tensile Failure Characterization of Glass/Epoxy Composites using Acoustic Emission RMS Data

    K. KRISHNAMOORTHYa,*, N. PRABHUb

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.40, No.3-4, pp. 215-226, 2023, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2023.40.3-4.7

    Abstract The acoustic emission monitoring with artificial neural networks predicts the ultimate strength of glass/epoxy composite laminates using Acoustic Emission Data. The ultimate loads of all the specimens were used to characterise the emission of hits during failure modes. The six layered glass fiber laminates were prepared (in woven mat form) with epoxy as the binding medium by hand lay-up technique. At room temperature, with a pressure of 30 kg/cm2, the laminates were cured. The laminates of standard dimensions as per ASTM D3039 for the tensile test were cut from the lamina. The Acoustic Emission (AE) test More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    THE IMPACT OF THE RESONANCE TUBE ON PERFORMANCE OF A THERMOACOUSTIC STACK

    Channarong Wanthaa, Kriengkrai Assawamartbunluea,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 1-8, 2011, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v2.4.3006

    Abstract This paper presents a study of the impact of the resonance tube on performance of a thermoacoustic stack. The resonance tube is a key component of a standing-wave thermoacoustic refrigerator. The appropriated resonance tube’s length leads to an increase of performance of the stack in terms of the temperature difference. The results also indicate that the optimal operating frequency differs from the design based on the equation of a half-wavelength. The resonance tube length is elongated to compensate for some effects that occur in the resonance tube, especially when the stack is placed in the More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MEASUREMENTS OF THERMAL FIELD AT STACK EXTREMITIES OF A STANDING WAVE THERMOACOUSTIC HEAT PUMP

    Syeda Humaira Tasnima,*, Shohel Mahmudb, Roydon Andrew Frasera

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.2, No.1, pp. 1-10, 2011, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v2.1.3006

    Abstract In this paper, we experimentally measure the temperature fields at different locations on the stack plate and in the surrounding working fluid in a standing wave thermoacoustic device. The temperature measurements at the stack extremities and at the neighboring gas show axial heat transfer at the stack extremities, as opposed to the hypothesis of a perfectly isolated stack used in the linear thermoacoustic theory. Four different mechanisms of heat transfer are identified at the stack extremities in the present study. This information is necessary for the optimization of the performances of practical thermoacoustic engines. For More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    GestureID: Gesture-Based User Authentication on Smart Devices Using Acoustic Sensing

    Jizhao Liu1,2, Jiang Hui1,2,*, Zhaofa Wang1,2

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 151-169, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.045193

    Abstract User authentication on smart devices is crucial to protecting user privacy and device security. Due to the development of emerging attacks, existing physiological feature-based authentication methods, such as fingerprint, iris, and face recognition are vulnerable to forgery and attacks. In this paper, GestureID, a system that utilizes acoustic sensing technology to distinguish hand features among users, is proposed. It involves using a speaker to send acoustic signals and a microphone to receive the echoes affected by the reflection of the hand movements of the users. To ensure system accuracy and effectively distinguish users’ gestures, a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on the Intervention Effect of Vibroacoustic Therapy in the Treatment of Patients with Depression

    Xiaodan Wang1,*, Zheng Xie2, Guiping Du3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.2, pp. 149-160, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030755

    Abstract Research purpose: This study implemented somatosensory music therapy on patients with depressive disorders, and explored the effects of somatosensory music therapy on the degree of depression, positive and negative emotions, intuitive stress and autonomic nervous function of patients. Research method: We collected 66 patients diagnosed with depression from the Department of Psychological Medicine of Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, and divided them into a control group and an intervention group according to the random number table, with 33 people in each group. The control group received routine psychiatric treatment and nursing. On the basis of the control… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Sound Quality Evaluation Method for Vehicle Interior Noise Based on Auditory Loudness Model

    Zhiheng He1, Hui Guo2, Houguang Liu1,*, Yu Zhao1,3, Zipeng Zhang1, Shanguo Yang1

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 47-58, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.045470

    Abstract When designing and optimizing the hull of vehicles, their sound quality needs to be considered, which greatly depends on the psychoacoustic parameters. However, the traditional psychoacoustic calculation method does not consider the influence of the real human ear anatomic structure, even the loudness which is most related to the auditory periphery. In order to introduce the real physiological structure of the human ear into the evaluation of vehicle sound quality, this paper first carried out the vehicle internal noise test to obtain the experimental samples. Then, the physiological loudness was predicted based on an established More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction of Sound Transmission Loss of Vehicle Floor System Based on 1D-Convolutional Neural Networks

    Cheng Peng1, Siwei Cheng2, Min Sun1, Chao Ren1, Jun Song1, Haibo Huang2,*

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 25-46, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.046940

    Abstract The Noise, Vibration, and Harshness (NVH) experience during driving is significantly influenced by the sound insulation performance of the car floor acoustic package. As such, accurate and efficient predictions of its sound insulation performance are crucial for optimizing related noise reduction designs. However, the complex acoustic transmission mechanisms and difficulties in characterizing the sound absorption and insulation properties of the floor acoustic package pose significant challenges to traditional Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) methods, leading to low modeling efficiency and prediction accuracy. To address these limitations, a hierarchical multi-objective decomposition system for predicting the sound insulation performance More >

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    A 1-D Non-Local Metasurface-Based Broadband Acoustic Diffuser

    Zhuoma Wang1, Ruoyan Li2,3, Wenjing Ye2,*, Yijun Liu3

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.4, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09236

    Abstract An acoustic diffuser refers to a device that spreads sound energy uniformly in all directions. Such a device plays a very important role in architectural acoustics, i.e., concert halls and auditoriums. Many designs such as the wellknown Schroeder diffusers [1] have been proposed and developed throughout the past several decades. However, most of these conventional designs achieve uniform sound diffusion by using different air trenches to create a phase shift profile following a specific sequence such as maximum length sequence or quadratic residue sequence derived from the number theory [1,2]. As such, these diffusers have… More >

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