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  • Open Access


    Material-SAM: Adapting SAM for Material XCT

    Xuelong Wu1, Junsheng Wang1,*, Zhongyao Li1, Yisheng Miao1, Chengpeng Xue1, Yuling Lang2, Decai Kong2, Xiaoying Ma2, Haibao Qiao2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3703-3720, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047027

    Abstract X-ray Computed Tomography (XCT) enables non-destructive acquisition of the internal structure of materials, and image segmentation plays a crucial role in analyzing material XCT images. This paper proposes an image segmentation method based on the Segment Anything model (SAM). We constructed a dataset of carbide in nickel-based single crystal superalloys XCT images and preprocessed the images using median filtering, histogram equalization, and gamma correction. Subsequently, SAM was fine-tuned to adapt to the task of material XCT image segmentation, resulting in Material-SAM. We compared the performance of threshold segmentation, SAM, U-Net model, and Material-SAM. Our method achieved 88.45% Class Pixel Accuracy… More >

  • Open Access


    Multilevel Attention Unet Segmentation Algorithm for Lung Cancer Based on CT Images

    Huan Wang1, Shi Qiu1,2,*, Benyue Zhang1, Lixuan Xiao3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1569-1589, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046821

    Abstract Lung cancer is a malady of the lungs that gravely jeopardizes human health. Therefore, early detection and treatment are paramount for the preservation of human life. Lung computed tomography (CT) image sequences can explicitly delineate the pathological condition of the lungs. To meet the imperative for accurate diagnosis by physicians, expeditious segmentation of the region harboring lung cancer is of utmost significance. We utilize computer-aided methods to emulate the diagnostic process in which physicians concentrate on lung cancer in a sequential manner, erect an interpretable model, and attain segmentation of lung cancer. The specific advancements can be encapsulated as follows:… More >

  • Open Access


    Congenital Absence of Pericardium: The Largest Systematic Review in the Field on 247 Worldwide Cases (1977-Now)

    Pier Paolo Bassareo1,2,3,*, Aurelio Secinaro4, Paolo Ciliberti5, Massimo Chessa6,7, Marco Alfonso Perrone5,8, Kevin Patrick Walsh1,2,3, Colin Joseph Mcmahon2,3

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 595-610, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.046229

    Abstract Background: Congenital absence of pericardium (CAP), also known as pericardial agenesis, represents an uncommon cardiac abnormality and mostly incidental finding. It can be subdivided into complete and partial (left or right-sided) forms. Because of its infrequency, just case reports and a few case series have been released so far. This paper represents the largest systematic review in the field. Nine features (age at diagnosis, type, gender, clinical presentation, electrocardiography, imaging (ultrasounds, CT/MRI), concomitant cardiac defects, and outcome) were analysed. Methods: The electronic database PubMed was investigated from its establishment up to July 15th, 2023. Just case reports and case series… More >

  • Open Access


    A Double-Branch Xception Architecture for Acute Hemorrhage Detection and Subtype Classification

    Muhammad Naeem Akram1, Muhammad Usman Yaseen1, Muhammad Waqar1, Muhammad Imran1,*, Aftab Hussain2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3727-3744, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041855

    Abstract This study presents a deep learning model for efficient intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) detection and subtype classification on non-contrast head computed tomography (CT) images. ICH refers to bleeding in the skull, leading to the most critical life-threatening health condition requiring rapid and accurate diagnosis. It is classified as intra-axial hemorrhage (intraventricular, intraparenchymal) and extra-axial hemorrhage (subdural, epidural, subarachnoid) based on the bleeding location inside the skull. Many computer-aided diagnoses (CAD)-based schemes have been proposed for ICH detection and classification at both slice and scan levels. However, these approaches perform only binary classification and suffer from a large number of parameters, which… More >

  • Open Access


    Meta-Learning Multi-Scale Radiology Medical Image Super-Resolution

    Liwei Deng1, Yuanzhi Zhang1, Xin Yang2,*, Sijuan Huang2, Jing Wang3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2671-2684, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.036642

    Abstract High-resolution medical images have important medical value, but are difficult to obtain directly. Limited by hardware equipment and patient’s physical condition, the resolution of directly acquired medical images is often not high. Therefore, many researchers have thought of using super-resolution algorithms for secondary processing to obtain high-resolution medical images. However, current super-resolution algorithms only work on a single scale, and multiple networks need to be trained when super-resolution images of different scales are needed. This definitely raises the cost of acquiring high-resolution medical images. Thus, we propose a multi-scale super-resolution algorithm using meta-learning. The algorithm combines a meta-learning approach with… More >

  • Open Access


    Artificial Intelligence-Based Image Reconstruction for Computed Tomography: A Survey

    Quan Yan1, Yunfan Ye1, Jing Xia1, Zhiping Cai1,*, Zhilin Wang2, Qiang Ni3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2545-2558, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.029857

    Abstract Computed tomography has made significant advances since its introduction in the early 1970s, where researchers have mainly focused on the quality of image reconstruction in the early stage. However, radiation exposure poses a health risk, prompting the demand of the lowest possible dose when carrying out CT examinations. To acquire high-quality reconstruction images with low dose radiation, CT reconstruction techniques have evolved from conventional reconstruction such as analytical and iterative reconstruction, to reconstruction methods based on artificial intelligence (AI). All these efforts are devoted to constructing high-quality images using only low doses with fast reconstruction speed. In particular, conventional reconstruction… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning-Enabled Brain Stroke Classification on Computed Tomography Images

    Azhar Tursynova1, Batyrkhan Omarov1,2, Natalya Tukenova3,*, Indira Salgozha4, Onergul Khaaval3, Rinat Ramazanov5, Bagdat Ospanov5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 1431-1446, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034400

    Abstract In the field of stroke imaging, deep learning (DL) has enormous untapped potential. When clinically significant symptoms of a cerebral stroke are detected, it is crucial to make an urgent diagnosis using available imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) scans. The purpose of this work is to classify brain CT images as normal, surviving ischemia or cerebral hemorrhage based on the convolutional neural network (CNN) model. In this study, we propose a computer-aided diagnostic system (CAD) for categorizing cerebral strokes using computed tomography images. Horizontal flip data magnification techniques were used to obtain more accurate categorization. Image Data Generator… More >

  • Open Access


    Automated Brain Hemorrhage Classification and Volume Analysis

    Maryam Wardah1, Muhammad Mateen1,*, Tauqeer Safdar Malik2, Mohammad Eid Alzahrani3, Adil Fahad3, Abdulmohsen Almalawi4, Rizwan Ali Naqvi5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 2283-2299, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.030706

    Abstract Brain hemorrhage is a serious and life-threatening condition. It can cause permanent and lifelong disability even when it is not fatal. The word hemorrhage denotes leakage of blood within the brain and this leakage of blood from capillaries causes stroke and adequate supply of oxygen to the brain is hindered. Modern imaging methods such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are employed to get an idea regarding the extent of the damage. An early diagnosis and treatment can save lives and limit the adverse effects of a brain hemorrhage. In this case, a deep neural network (DNN)… More >

  • Open Access


    SNELM: SqueezeNet-Guided ELM for COVID-19 Recognition

    Yudong Zhang1, Muhammad Attique Khan2, Ziquan Zhu1, Shuihua Wang1,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 13-26, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034172

    Abstract (Aim) The COVID-19 has caused 6.26 million deaths and 522.06 million confirmed cases till 17/May/2022. Chest computed tomography is a precise way to help clinicians diagnose COVID-19 patients. (Method) Two datasets are chosen for this study. The multiple-way data augmentation, including speckle noise, random translation, scaling, salt-and-pepper noise, vertical shear, Gamma correction, rotation, Gaussian noise, and horizontal shear, is harnessed to increase the size of the training set. Then, the SqueezeNet (SN) with complex bypass is used to generate SN features. Finally, the extreme learning machine (ELM) is used to serve as the classifier due to its simplicity of usage,… More >

  • Open Access


    Assessment of Intracardiac and Extracardiac Deformities in Patients with Various Types of Pulmonary Atresia by Dual-Source Computed Tomography

    Wenlei Qian1,#, Xinzhu Zhou2,#, Ke Shi1, Li Jiang1, Xi Liu3, Liting Shen1, Zhigang Yang1,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 113-125, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.023542

    Abstract Background: Pulmonary atresia (PA) is a group of heterogeneous complex congenital heart disease. Only one study modality might not get a correct diagnosis. This study aims to investigate the diagnostic power of dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) for all intracardiac and extracardiac deformities in patients with PA compared with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Materials and Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 79 patients and divided them into three groups according to their main diagnosis. All associated malformations and clinical information, including treatments, were recorded and compared among the three groups. The diagnostic power of DSCT and TTE on all associated malformations were compared.… More > Graphic Abstract

    Assessment of Intracardiac and Extracardiac Deformities in Patients with Various Types of Pulmonary Atresia by Dual-Source Computed Tomography

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