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  • Open Access


    Asymmetric Key Cryptosystem for Image Encryption by Elliptic Curve over Galois Field

    Mohammad Mazyad Hazzazi1, Hafeez Ur Rehman2,*, Tariq Shah2, Hajra Younas2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 2033-2060, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040629

    Abstract Protecting the integrity and secrecy of digital data transmitted through the internet is a growing problem. In this paper, we introduce an asymmetric key algorithm for specifically processing images with larger bit values. To overcome the separate flaws of elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) and the Hill cipher (HC), we present an approach to picture encryption by combining these two encryption approaches. In addition, to strengthen our scheme, the group laws are defined over the rational points of a given elliptic curve (EC) over a Galois field (GF). The exclusive-or (XOR) function is used instead of matrix multiplication to encrypt and… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Heterogeneous Ring Signcryption Scheme for Wireless Body Area Networks

    Qingqing Ning, Chunhua Jin*, Zhiwei Chen, Yongliang Xu, Huaqi Lu

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2061-2078, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.040483

    Abstract Wireless body area networks (WBANs) are an emerging technology for the real-time monitoring of physiological signals. WBANs provide a mechanism for collecting, storing, and transmitting physiological data to healthcare providers. However, the open wireless channel and limited resources of sensors bring security challenges. To ensure physiological data security, this paper provides an efficient Certificateless Public Key Infrastructure Heterogeneous Ring Signcryption (CP-HRSC) scheme, in which sensors are in a certificateless cryptosystem (CLC) environment, and the server is in a public key infrastructure (PKI) environment. CLC could solve the limitations of key escrow in identity-based cryptography (IBC) and certificate management for public… More >

  • Open Access


    A Low-Cost and High-Performance Cryptosystem Using Tripling-Oriented Elliptic Curve

    Mohammad Alkhatib*, Wafa S. Aldalbahy

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.2, pp. 1807-1831, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.038927

    Abstract Developing a high-performance public key cryptosystem is crucial for numerous modern security applications. The Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem (ECC) has performance and resource-saving advantages compared to other types of asymmetric ciphers. However, the sequential design implementation for ECC does not satisfy the current applications’ performance requirements. Therefore, several factors should be considered to boost the cryptosystem performance, including the coordinate system, the scalar multiplication algorithm, and the elliptic curve form. The tripling-oriented (3DIK) form is implemented in this work due to its minimal computational complexity compared to other elliptic curves forms. This experimental study explores the factors playing an important role… More >

  • Open Access


    A Speech Cryptosystem Using the New Chaotic System with a Capsule-Shaped Equilibrium Curve

    Mohamad Afendee Mohamed1, Talal Bonny2, Aceng Sambas3, Sundarapandian Vaidyanathan4, Wafaa Al Nassan2, Sen Zhang5, Khaled Obaideen2, Mustafa Mamat1, Mohd Kamal Mohd Nawawi6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 5987-6006, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035668

    Abstract In recent years, there are numerous studies on chaotic systems with special equilibrium curves having various shapes such as circle, butterfly, heart and apple. This paper describes a new 3-D chaotic dynamical system with a capsule-shaped equilibrium curve. The proposed chaotic system has two quadratic, two cubic and two quartic nonlinear terms. It is noted that the proposed chaotic system has a hidden attractor since it has an infinite number of equilibrium points. It is also established that the proposed chaotic system exhibits multi-stability with two coexisting chaotic attractors for the same parameter values but differential initial states. A detailed… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Internet of Medical Thing Cryptosystem Based on Jigsaw Transformation and Ikeda Chaotic Map

    Sultan Almakdi1, Mohammed S. Alshehri1, Yousef Asiri1, Mimonah Al Qathrady2,*, Anas Ibrar3, Jawad Ahmad4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3017-3036, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037281

    Abstract Image encryption has attracted much interest as a robust security solution for preventing unauthorized access to critical image data. Medical picture encryption is a crucial step in many cloud-based and healthcare applications. In this study, a strong cryptosystem based on a 2D chaotic map and Jigsaw transformation is presented for the encryption of medical photos in private Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) and cloud storage. A disorganized three-dimensional map is the foundation of the proposed cipher. The dispersion of pixel values and the permutation of their places in this map are accomplished using a nonlinear encoding process. The suggested cryptosystem… More >

  • Open Access


    Dual Image Cryptosystem Using Henon Map and Discrete Fourier Transform

    Hesham Alhumyani*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2933-2945, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.034689

    Abstract This paper introduces an efficient image cryptography system. The proposed image cryptography system is based on employing the two-dimensional (2D) chaotic henon map (CHM) in the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). The proposed DFT-based CHM image cryptography has two procedures which are the encryption and decryption procedures. In the proposed DFT-based CHM image cryptography, the confusion is employed using the CHM while the diffusion is realized using the DFT. So, the proposed DFT-based CHM image cryptography achieves both confusion and diffusion characteristics. The encryption procedure starts by applying the DFT on the image then the DFT transformed image is scrambled using… More >

  • Open Access


    Cryptanalysis of 2D-SCMCI Hyperchaotic Map Based Image Encryption Algorithm

    Mohammed S. Alshehri1, Sultan Almakdi1,*, Mimonah Al Qathrady2, Jawad Ahmad3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 2401-2414, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036152

    Abstract Chaos-based cryptosystems are considered a secure mode of communication due to their reliability. Chaotic maps are associated with the other domains to construct robust encryption algorithms. There exist numerous encryption schemes in the literature based on chaotic maps. This work aims to propose an attack on a recently proposed hyper-chaotic map-based cryptosystem. The core notion of the original algorithm was based on permutation and diffusion. A bit-level permutation approach was used to do the permutation row-and column-wise. The diffusion was executed in the forward and backward directions. The statistical strength of the cryptosystem has been demonstrated by extensive testing conducted… More >

  • Open Access


    Portable and Efficient Implementation of CRYSTALS-Kyber Based on WebAssembly

    Seog Chung Seo1, HeeSeok Kim2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 2091-2107, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035064

    Abstract With the rapid development of quantum computers capable of realizing Shor’s algorithm, existing public key-based algorithms face a significant security risk. Crystals-Kyber has been selected as the only key encapsulation mechanism (KEM) algorithm in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Post-Quantum Cryptography (PQC) competition. In this study, we present a portable and efficient implementation of a Crystals-Kyber post-quantum KEM based on WebAssembly (Wasm), a recently released portable execution framework for high-performance web applications. Until now, most Kyber implementations have been developed with native programming languages such as C and Assembly. Although there are a few previous Kyber implementations… More >

  • Open Access


    Efficient Hardware Design of a Secure Cancellable Biometric Cryptosystem

    Lamiaa A. Abou Elazm1,2, Walid El-Shafai3,4, Sameh Ibrahim2, Mohamed G. Egila1, H. Shawkey1, Mohamed K. H. Elsaid2, Naglaa F. Soliman5, Hussah Nasser AlEisa6,*, Fathi E. Abd El-Samie3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 929-955, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.031386

    Abstract Biometric security is a growing trend, as it supports the authentication of persons using confidential biometric data. Most of the transmitted data in multimedia systems are susceptible to attacks, which affect the security of these systems. Biometric systems provide sufficient protection and privacy for users. The recently-introduced cancellable biometric recognition systems have not been investigated in the presence of different types of attacks. In addition, they have not been studied on different and large biometric datasets. Another point that deserves consideration is the hardware implementation of cancellable biometric recognition systems. This paper presents a suggested hybrid cancellable biometric recognition system… More >

  • Open Access


    Reversible Video Steganography Using Quick Response Codes and Modified ElGamal Cryptosystem

    Ramadhan J. Mstafa1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.2, pp. 3349-3368, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025791

    Abstract The rapid transmission of multimedia information has been achieved mainly by recent advancements in the Internet's speed and information technology. In spite of this, advancements in technology have resulted in breaches of privacy and data security. When it comes to protecting private information in today's Internet era, digital steganography is vital. Many academics are interested in digital video because it has a great capability for concealing important data. There have been a vast number of video steganography solutions developed lately to guard against the theft of confidential data. The visual imperceptibility, robustness, and embedding capacity of these approaches are all… More >

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