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  • Open Access


    Optimal Operation of Distributed Generations Considering Demand Response in a Microgrid Using GWO Algorithm

    Hassan Shokouhandeh1, Mehrdad Ahmadi Kamarposhti2,*, William Holderbaum3, Ilhami Colak4, Phatiphat Thounthong5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 809-822, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035827

    Abstract The widespread penetration of distributed energy sources and the use of load response programs, especially in a microgrid, have caused many power system issues, such as control and operation of these networks, to be affected. The control and operation of many small-distributed generation units with different performance characteristics create another challenge for the safe and efficient operation of the microgrid. In this paper, the optimum operation of distributed generation resources and heat and power storage in a microgrid, was performed based on real-time pricing through the proposed gray wolf optimization (GWO) algorithm to reduce the energy supply cost with the… More >

  • Open Access


    Identification of Type of a Fault in Distribution System Using Shallow Neural Network with Distributed Generation

    Saurabh Awasthi*, Gagan Singh, Nafees Ahamad

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.4, pp. 811-829, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.026863

    Abstract A distributed generation system (DG) has several benefits over a traditional centralized power system. However, the protection area in the case of the distributed generator requires special attention as it encounters stability loss, failure re-closure, fluctuations in voltage, etc. And thereby, it demands immediate attention in identifying the location & type of a fault without delay especially when occurred in a small, distributed generation system, as it would adversely affect the overall system and its operation. In the past, several methods were proposed for classification and localisation of a fault in a distributed generation system. Many of those methods were… More >

  • Open Access


    Control of Distributed Generation Using Non-Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation

    Mehrdad Ahmadi Kamarposhti1,*, Phatiphat Thounthong2, Ilhami Colak3, Kei Eguchi4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 4149-4164, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033405

    Abstract The islanded mode is one of the connection modes of the grid distributed generation resources. In this study, a distributed generation resource is connected to linear and nonlinear loads via a three-phase inverter where a control method needing no current sensors or compensator elements is applied to the distribute generation system in the islanded mode. This control method has two main loops in each phase. The first loop controls the voltage control loops that adjust the three-phase point of common coupling, the amplitude of the non-sinusoidal reference waveform and the near-state pulse width modulation (NSPWM) method. The next loop compensatesthe… More >

  • Open Access


    A Robust Asynchrophasor in PMU Using Second-Order Kalman Filter

    Nayef Alqahtani1,2,*, Ali Alqahtani3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 2557-2573, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.026316

    Abstract Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) provide Global Positioning System (GPS) time-stamped synchronized measurements of voltage and current with the phase angle of the system at certain points along with the grid system. Those synchronized data measurements are extracted in the form of amplitude and phase from various locations of the power grid to monitor and control the power system condition. A PMU device is a crucial part of the power equipment in terms of the cost and operative point of view. However, such ongoing development and improvement to PMUs’ principal work are essential to the network operators to enhance the grid… More >

  • Open Access


    Enhancement of Large Renewable Distributed Generation Penetration Levels at the Point of Common Coupling

    Akinyemi Ayodeji Stephen*, Kabeya Musasa, Innocent Ewean Davidson

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.6, pp. 2711-2744, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.023069

    Abstract The occurrence of distortion and over voltage at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC) of Renewable Distributed Generation (RDG) limits its penetration levels to the power system and the RDG integration is expected to play a crucial role in power system transformation. For its penetrations to be sustained without disconnection from the system, there must be a solution to the voltage rise, distortion, unbalanced current and grid reactive power control strategy at PCC. It is an IEEE-1547 requirement that RDG integration to the power system should be regulated at PCC to avoid disconnection from the network due to power quality… More > Graphic Abstract

    Enhancement of Large Renewable Distributed Generation Penetration Levels at the Point of Common Coupling

  • Open Access


    Optimal Operation of Electric Vehicles and Distributed Generation Resources in Smart Grid Considering Load Management

    Zheng Wang*, Shangke Liu, Yanli Xiao, Ye Wan, Bin Bai

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.6, pp. 2655-2679, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.021843

    Abstract Technology advancement and the global tendency to use renewable energy in distributed generation units in the distribution network have been proposed as sources of energy supply. Despite the complexity of their protection, as well as the operation of distributed generation resources in the distribution network, factors such as improving reliability, increasing production capacity of the distribution network, stabilizing the voltage of the distribution network, reducing peak clipping losses, as well as economic and environmental considerations, have expanded the influence of distributed generation (DG) resources in the distribution network. The location of DG sources and their capacity are the key factors… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis and Power Quality Improvement in Hybrid Distributed Generation System with Utilization of Unified Power Quality Conditioner

    Noor Zanib1, Munira Batool1, Saleem Riaz2, Farkhanda Afzal3, Sufian Munawar4, Ibtisam Daqqa5, Najma Saleem5,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.2, pp. 1105-1136, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.021676

    Abstract This paper presents a comprehensive study that includes the sizing and power flow by series and parallel inverters in a distributed generation system (DGs) that integrates the system of hybrid wind photovoltaic with a unified power quality conditioner (UPQC). In addition to supplying active power to the utility grid, the system of hybrid wind photovoltaic functions as a UPQC, compensating reactive power and suppressing the harmonic load currents. Additionally, the load is supplied with harmonic-free, balanced and regulated output voltages. Since PVWind-UPQC is established on a dual compensation scheme, the series inverter works like a sinusoidal current source, while the… More >

  • Open Access


    Availability Capacity Evaluation and Reliability Assessment of Integrated Systems Using Metaheuristic Algorithm

    A. Durgadevi*, N. Shanmugavadivoo

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.3, pp. 1951-1971, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.026810


    Contemporarily, the development of distributed generations (DGs) technologies is fetching more, and their deployment in power systems is becoming broad and diverse. Consequently, several glitches are found in the recent studies due to the inappropriate/inadequate penetrations. This work aims to improve the reliable operation of the power system employing reliability indices using a metaheuristic-based algorithm before and after DGs penetration with feeder system. The assessment procedure is carried out using MATLAB software and Modified Salp Swarm Algorithm (MSSA) that helps assess the Reliability indices of the proposed integrated IEEE RTS79 system for seven different configurations. This algorithm modifies two control… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Intelligent Reconfiguration of Distribution Network in the Presence of Distributed Generation and Storage System

    Gang Lei1,*, Chunxiang Xu2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.5, pp. 2005-2029, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.021154

    Abstract In the present paper, the distribution feeder reconfiguration in the presence of distributed generation resources (DGR) and energy storage systems (ESS) is solved in the dynamic form. Since studies on the reconfiguration problem have ignored the grid security and reliability, the non-distributed energy index along with the energy loss and voltage stability indices has been assumed as the objective functions of the given problem. To achieve the mentioned benefits, there are several practical plans in the distribution network. One of these applications is the network rearrangement plan, which is the simplest and least expensive way to add equipment to the… More >

  • Open Access


    Modified Satin Bowerbird for Distributed Generation in Remotely Controlled Voltage Bus

    K. Dharani Sree*, P. Karpagavalli

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 1181-1195, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.025303

    Abstract The distributed generators in the radial distribution network are to improve the Grid performance and its efficiency. These Distributed Generators control the PV bus; it is converted as a remote controlled PVQ bus. This PVQ bus reduces the power loss and reactive power. Initially, the distributed generators were placed in the system using mathematical modelling or the optimization. This approach improves the efficiency but it has no effect in loss minimization. To minimize the loss the reconfigured network with Genetic algorithm based Distributed generator placement proposed as existing work. This approach minimizes the loss effectively; but the genetic algorithm takes… More >

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