Home / Advanced Search

  • Title/Keywords

  • Author/Affliations

  • Journal

  • Article Type

  • Start Year

  • End Year

Update SearchingClear
  • Articles
  • Online
Search Results (1,316)
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    ANALYSIS OF CHAOTIC NATURAL CONVECTION IN A TALL RECTANGULAR CAVITY WITH NON-ISOTHERMAL WALLS

    Heather Dillona , Ashley Emeryb,† , Ann Mescherb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.4, No.2, pp. 1-9, 2013, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v4.2.3004

    Abstract A computational model is presented that extends prior work on unsteady natural convection in a tall rectangular cavity with aspect ratio 10 and applies Proper Orthogonal Decomposition to the results. The solution to the weakly compressible Navier-Stokes equation is computed for a range of Rayleigh numbers between 2 × 107 and 2.2 × 108 with Prandtl number 0.71. A detailed spectral analysis shows dynamic system behavior beyond the Hopf bifurcation that was not previously observed. The wider Rayleigh range reveals new dynamic system behavior for the rectangular geometry, specifically a return to a stable oscillatory behavior that was not predicted… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES OF SWIRL RATIO AND INJECTION TIMING ON ATOMIZATION IN A DIRECT INJECTION DIESEL ENGINE

    Renganathan Manimarana, Rajagopal Thundil Karuppa Rajb,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.5, pp. 1-9, 2014, DOI:10.5098/hmt.5.2

    Abstract Diesel engine combustion modeling presents a challenging task with the formation and breakup of spray into droplets. In this work, 3D-CFD computations are performed to understand the behaviour of spray droplet diameter and temperature during the combustion by varying the swirl ratio and injection timing. After the validation and grid and time independency tests, it is found that increase in swirl ratio from 1.4 to 4.1 results in peak pressure rise of 8 bar and an advancement of injection timing from 6 deg bTDC to 20 deg bTDC results in increase of peak pressure by 15 %. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Study on the Effect of Vortex Generators on the Aerodynamic Drag of a High-Speed Train

    Tian Li1,2,*, Hao Liang1, Zerui Xiang2, Jiye Zhang1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 463-473, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.043618

    Abstract A relatively high aerodynamic drag is an important factor that hinders the further acceleration of high-speed trains. Using the shear stress transport (SST) k-ω turbulence model, the effect of various vortex generator types on the aerodynamic characteristics of an ICE2 (Inter-city Electricity) train has been investigated. The results indicate that the vortex generators with wider triangle, trapezoid, and micro-ramp arranged on the surface of the tail car can significantly change the distribution of surface pressure and affect the vorticity intensity in the wake. This alteration effectively reduces the resistance of the tail car. Meanwhile, the micro-ramp vortex generator with its… More > Graphic Abstract

    Numerical Study on the Effect of Vortex Generators on the Aerodynamic Drag of a High-Speed Train

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Chemically Radiative MHD Flow of a Micropolar Nanofluid over a Stretching/Shrinking Sheet with a Heat Source or Sink

    Parakapali Roja1, Shaik Mohammed Ibrahim2, Thummala Sankar Reddy3, Giulio Lorenzini4,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 257-274, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.042283

    Abstract This study examines the behavior of a micropolar nanofluid flowing over a sheet in the presence of a transverse magnetic field and thermal effects. In addition, chemical (first-order homogeneous) reactions are taken into account. A similarity transformation is used to reduce the system of governing coupled non-linear partial differential equations (PDEs), which account for the transport of mass, momentum, angular momentum, energy and species, to a set of non-linear ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The Runge-Kutta method along with shooting method is used to solve them. The impact of several parameters is evaluated. It is shown that the micro-rotational velocity of… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Flow Regimes in Bubble Columns with and without Internals: A Review

    Ayat N. Mahmood1, Amer A. Abdulrahman1, Laith S. Sabri1,*, Abbas J. Sultan1, Hasan Shakir Majdi2, Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 239-256, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.028015

    Abstract Hydrodynamics characterization in terms of flow regime behavior is a crucial task to enhance the design of bubble column reactors and scaling up related methodologies. This review presents recent studies on the typical flow regimes established in bubble columns. Some effort is also provided to introduce relevant definitions pertaining to this field, namely, that of “void fraction” and related (local, chordal, cross-sectional and volumetric) variants. Experimental studies involving different parameters that affect design and operating conditions are also discussed in detail. In the second part of the review, the attention is shifted to cases with internals of various types (perforated… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Flexible Global Aggregation and Dynamic Client Selection for Federated Learning in Internet of Vehicles

    Tariq Qayyum1, Zouheir Trabelsi1,*, Asadullah Tariq1, Muhammad Ali2, Kadhim Hayawi3, Irfan Ud Din4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1739-1757, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043684

    Abstract Federated Learning (FL) enables collaborative and privacy-preserving training of machine learning models within the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) realm. While FL effectively tackles privacy concerns, it also imposes significant resource requirements. In traditional FL, trained models are transmitted to a central server for global aggregation, typically in the cloud. This approach often leads to network congestion and bandwidth limitations when numerous devices communicate with the same server. The need for Flexible Global Aggregation and Dynamic Client Selection in FL for the IoV arises from the inherent characteristics of IoV environments. These include diverse and distributed data sources, varying data quality,… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Use of Statistical Tools for Comparison between Different Analytical and Semi-Empirical Models of the Bleve Fireball

    Abderraouf Guelzim1,2,*, Baraka Achraf Chakir3, Aziz Ettahir1, Anas Mbarki1,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 125-140, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.041832

    Abstract The Bleve is an explosion involving both the rapid vaporization of liquid and the rapid expansion of vapor in a vessel. The loss of containment results in a large fireball if the stored chemical is flammable. In order to predict the damage generated by a Bleve, several authors propose analytical or semi-empirical correlations, which consist in predicting the diameter and the lifetime of the fireballs according to the quantity of fuel. These models are based on previous experience, which makes their validity arbitrary in relation to the initial conditions and the nature of the product concerned. The article delves into… More > Graphic Abstract

    Use of Statistical Tools for Comparison between Different Analytical and Semi-Empirical Models of the Bleve Fireball

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lubrication of Asymmetric Rollers Using Roelands Viscosity–Pressure-Temperature Relationship

    Swetha Lanka1, Venkata Subrahmanyam Sajja1,*, Dhaneshwar Prasad2

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 385-405, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.042544

    Abstract An attempt is made to analyse some lubrication characteristics of rigid cylindrical asymmetric rollers under adiabatic and isothermal boundaries with rolling and sliding motion lubricated by a non-Newtonian incompressible Bingham plastic fluid under the behaviour of line contact. Here the lower surface is considered to move quicker than that of the upper surface; and the Roelands viscosity model is considered and assumed to depend upon the fluid pressure and the mean film temperature. The governing equations for fluid flow such as equations of motion with continuity and the momentum energy equation are solved using Runge-Kutta forth order and MATLAB is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Capacity Decay, Impedance, and Heat Generation of Lithium-ion Batteries Experiencing Multiple Simultaneous Abuse Conditions

    Casey Jones, Meghana Sudarshan, Vikas Tomar*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2721-2740, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043219

    Abstract Abuse of Lithium-ion batteries, both physical and electrochemical, can lead to significantly reduced operational capabilities. In some instances, abuse can cause catastrophic failure, including thermal runaway, combustion, and explosion. Many different test standards that include abuse conditions have been developed, but these generally consider only one condition at a time and only provide go/no-go criteria. In this work, different types of cell abuse are implemented concurrently to determine the extent to which simultaneous abuse conditions aggravate cell degradation and failure. Vibrational loading is chosen to be the consistent type of physical abuse, and the first group of cells is cycled… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamics along the epithelial-cancer biointerface: Hidden system complexities

    IVANA PAJIC-LIJAKOVIC*, MILAN MILIVOJEVIC

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2321-2334, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.043796

    Abstract The biointerface dynamics influence any cancer spreading through the epithelium since it is documented in the early stages some malignancies (like epithelial cancer). The altered rearrangement of epithelial cells has an impact on the development of cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to comprehend the underlying biological and physical mechanisms of this biointerface dynamics for early suppression of cancer. While the biological mechanisms include cell signaling and gene expression, the physical mechanisms are several physical parameters such as the epithelial-cancer interfacial tension, epithelial surface tension, and compressive stress accumulated within the epithelium. Although the segregation of epithelia-cancer co-cultured systems was widely… More > Graphic Abstract

    Dynamics along the epithelial-cancer biointerface: Hidden system complexities

Displaying 41-50 on page 5 of 1316. Per Page