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  • Open Access


    An Explicit and Non-Iterative Moving-Least-Squares Immersed-Boundary Method and Its Applications in the Aorta Hemodynamics with Type B Intramural Hematoma

    Wenyuan Chen1, Tao Zhang2, Yantao Yang1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09754

    Abstract Based on the moving-least-squares immersed boundary method, we proposed a new technique to improve the calculation of the volume force representing the body boundary. For boundary with simple geometry, we theoretically analyze the error between the desired volume force at boundary and the actual force applied by the original method. The ratio between the two forces is very close to a constant and exhibits a very narrow distribution. A spatially uniform coefficient is then introduced to correct the force and can be fixed by the least-square method over all boundary markers. Such method is explicit and non-iterative, and is easy… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic Compression and Energy Absorption Behaviours of a Nanofluidic Liquid Foam

    Haiqi Feng1, Wei Huang1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09347

    Abstract Intensive dynamic loadings are the main threats to the structural damage of protective structures and inner equipment, which has attracted a lot of attention in the field of advance impulsive resistance. Nanofluidic liquid foam (NLF) has become a novel and efficient energy absorption system due to its reusable energy absorption, ultra-high load transfer, and high energy absorption ratio [1-7]. In order to solve the current problem that the energy absorption mechanism of NLF is still unclear, this paper conducted a systematic experimental study on the dynamic compression and energy absorption behaviours of NLF. The quasi-static cyclic compression experiments with different… More >

  • Open Access


    Peridynamic Simulation of Pellet-Clad Mechanical Interaction in Nuclear Fuel Rods

    Qiqing Liu1, Yin Yu1, Y.L. Hu1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09220

    Abstract The thermomechanical response and potential cracking in nuclear fuel rods are extremely important for nuclear safety analysis. The Pellet-Clad Mechanical Interaction (PCMI) is a significant factor for the thermomechanical behaviors of pellet and clad. This study presents a PCMI model based on ordinary statebased peridynamic (OSB-PD) theory, which considering the heat transfer through the gap and contact heat transfer between pellet and clad. The two-dimensional (2D) models are constructed through irregular nonuniform discretization. The pellet model includes the random variability of the critical stretch of each bond based on normal distribution. The contact model with non-uniform discretization is proposed in… More >

  • Open Access


    Effects of Material Heterogeneity on the Blast-Induced Rock Crack Initiation and Propagation

    Shuyu Wang1, Linjuan Wang1,*, Yunteng Wang2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09217

    Abstract Material heterogeneity plays an important role in the blasting induced rock fracture. However, the investigation of the effects of material heterogeneity is limited by the numerical methods for dynamic fracture. In the work, we propose a peridynamic model for brittle rock with heterogeneous micro-modulus and critical stretch to investigate the effects of material heterogeneity on the blast-induced rock crack initiation and propagation. The discretization in polar coordinates is introduced into the proposed model to avoid the fallacious directional guidance to the crack initiation around the hole. The proposed model satisfies the More >

  • Open Access


    Chemo-Mechanical Peridynamic Simulation of Dynamic Fracture-Pattern Formation in Lithium-Ion Batteries

    Xiaofei Wang1, Qi Tong1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09181

    Abstract Mechanical failure due to lithium-ion diffusion is one of the main obstacles to fulfill the potential of the electrode materials. Various fracture patterns in different electrode structures are observed in practice, which may have a profound impact on the performance and the service life of electrodes during operation. However, the mechanisms are largely unclear and still lack systematic understanding. Here we propose a coupled chemo-mechanical model based on peridynamics [1] and use it to study the dynamic fracturepattern formation in electrode materials and solid electrolytes during lithiation/delithiation cycles. We found in hollow core-shell nanowires that geometric parameters such as the… More >

  • Open Access


    Influence of Anteroposterior Symmetrical Aero-Wings on the Aerodynamic Performance of High-Speed Train

    Peiheng He, Jiye Zhang*, Lan Zhang, Jiaqi Wang, Yuzhe Ma

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 937-953, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043700

    Abstract The running stability of high-speed train is largely constrained by the wheel-rail coupling relationship, and the continuous wear between the wheel and rail surfaces will profoundly affect the dynamic performance of the train. In recent years, under the background of increasing train speed, some scientific researchers have proposed a new idea of using the lift force generated by the aerodynamic wings (aero-wing) installed on the roof to reduce the sprung load of the carriage in order to alleviate the wear and tear of the wheel and rail. Based on the bidirectional running characteristics of high-speed train, this paper proposes a… More >

  • Open Access


    Impact Analysis of Microscopic Defect Types on the Macroscopic Crack Propagation in Sintered Silver Nanoparticles

    Zhongqing Zhang1, Bo Wan1,*, Guicui Fu1, Yutai Su2,*, Zhaoxi Wu3, Xiangfen Wang1, Xu Long2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 441-458, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043616

    Abstract Sintered silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely used in high-power electronics due to their exceptional properties. However, the material reliability is significantly affected by various microscopic defects. In this work, the three primary micro-defect types at potential stress concentrations in sintered AgNPs are identified, categorized, and quantified. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are employed to observe the failure evolution of different microscopic defects. The dominant mechanisms responsible for this evolution are dislocation nucleation and dislocation motion. At the same time, this paper clarifies the quantitative relationship between the tensile strain amount and the failure mechanism transitions of the three defect types by… More >

  • Open Access


    Block Incremental Dense Tucker Decomposition with Application to Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Air Quality Data

    SangSeok Lee1, HaeWon Moon1, Lee Sael1,2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 319-336, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031150

    Abstract How can we efficiently store and mine dynamically generated dense tensors for modeling the behavior of multidimensional dynamic data? Much of the multidimensional dynamic data in the real world is generated in the form of time-growing tensors. For example, air quality tensor data consists of multiple sensory values gathered from wide locations for a long time. Such data, accumulated over time, is redundant and consumes a lot of memory in its raw form. We need a way to efficiently store dynamically generated tensor data that increase over time and to model their behavior on demand between arbitrary time blocks. To… More > Graphic Abstract

    Block Incremental Dense Tucker Decomposition with Application to Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Air Quality Data

  • Open Access


    Advancing Brain Tumor Analysis through Dynamic Hierarchical Attention for Improved Segmentation and Survival Prognosis

    S. Kannan1,*, S. Anusuya2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3835-3851, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042465

    Abstract Gliomas, the most prevalent primary brain tumors, require accurate segmentation for diagnosis and risk assessment. In this paper, we develop a novel deep learning-based method, the Dynamic Hierarchical Attention for Improved Segmentation and Survival Prognosis (DHA-ISSP) model. The DHA-ISSP model combines a three-band 3D convolutional neural network (CNN) U-Net architecture with dynamic hierarchical attention mechanisms, enabling precise tumor segmentation and survival prediction. The DHA-ISSP model captures fine-grained details and contextual information by leveraging attention mechanisms at multiple levels, enhancing segmentation accuracy. By achieving remarkable results, our approach surpasses 369 competing teams in the 2020 Multimodal Brain Tumor Segmentation Challenge. With… More >

  • Open Access


    Physiological Dynamics and Transcriptomic Analysis of Cut Roses ‘Carola’ Treated with KNO

    Songmei Liu, Yuheng Wu, Hongmei Li, Dongli Cai, Huiling Liang, Changchun Ye, Shenggen He*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3267-3290, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.045453


    The consumption of cut roses (Rosa hybrida) has always ranked first in the world. However, it is vulnerable to rapid petal and leaf wilting due to leaf stomatal water loss, which seriously affects its ornamental quality and economic value. Stomatal movement, a key in plant physiological processes, is influenced by potassium and nitrate. Advancing comprehension of its physiological and molecular mechanism holds promise for preserving the freshness of cut roses. This study observed the impacts of different concentrations of KNO3 vase treatments on stomatal opening and water loss in cut rose ‘Carola’ leaves, as well as their transcriptional responses to… More >

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