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  • Open Access


    Belowground Bud Bank Is Insensitive to Short-Term Nutrient Addition in the Meadow Steppe of Inner Mongolia

    Jin Tao1, Jiatai Tian1, Dongmei Li1, Jinlei Zhu2, Qun Ma3, Zhiming Zhang1, Jungang Chen4, Yipeng Liu5, Jianqiang Qian1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.6, pp. 1129-1141, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.051405

    Abstract Human activities and industrialization have significantly increased soil nutrients, such as nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), profoundly impacting the composition and structure of plant community, as well as the ecosystem functions, especially in nutrient-limited ecosystems. However, as the key propagule pool of perennial grasslands, how belowground bud bank and its relationship with aboveground vegetation respond to short-term changes in soil nutrients was still unclear. In this study, we conducted a short-term (2021–2022) soil fertilization experiment with N addition (10 g N m yr) and P addition (5 g N m yr) in the meadow steppe… More >

  • Open Access


    Oscillatory Dynamics of a Spherical Solid in a Liquid in an Axisymmetric Variable Cross Section Channel

    Ivan Karpunin*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.6, pp. 1219-1232, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.051062

    Abstract The dynamics of a solid spherical body in an oscillating liquid flow in a vertical axisymmetric channel of variable cross section is experimentally studied. It is shown that the oscillating liquid leads to the generation of intense averaged flows in each of the channel segments. The intensity and direction of these flows depend on the dimensionless oscillating frequency. In the region of studied frequencies, the dynamics of the considered body is examined when the primary vortices emerging in the flow occupy the whole region in each segment. For a fixed frequency, an increase in the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Method for Determining the Void Fraction in Gas-Liquid Multi-Phase Systems Using a Dynamic Conductivity Probe

    Xiaochu Luo1, Xiaobing Qi2, Zhao Luo3, Zhonghao Li4, Ruiquan Liao1, Xingkai Zhang1,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.6, pp. 1233-1249, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.045737

    Abstract Conventional conductivity methods for measuring the void fraction in gas-liquid multiphase systems are typically affected by accuracy problems due to the presence of fluid flow and salinity. This study presents a novel approach for determining the void fraction based on a reciprocating dynamic conductivity probe used to measure the liquid film thickness under forced annular-flow conditions. The measurement system comprises a cyclone, a conductivity probe, a probe reciprocating device, and a data acquisition and processing system. This method ensures that the flow pattern is adjusted to a forced annular flow, thereby minimizing the influence of More >

  • Open Access


    The Lightweight Edge-Side Fault Diagnosis Approach Based on Spiking Neural Network

    Jingting Mei, Yang Yang*, Zhipeng Gao, Lanlan Rui, Yijing Lin

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4883-4904, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.051860

    Abstract Network fault diagnosis methods play a vital role in maintaining network service quality and enhancing user experience as an integral component of intelligent network management. Considering the unique characteristics of edge networks, such as limited resources, complex network faults, and the need for high real-time performance, enhancing and optimizing existing network fault diagnosis methods is necessary. Therefore, this paper proposes the lightweight edge-side fault diagnosis approach based on a spiking neural network (LSNN). Firstly, we use the Izhikevich neurons model to replace the Leaky Integrate and Fire (LIF) neurons model in the LSNN model. Izhikevich… More >

  • Open Access


    MD Simulation of Diffusion Behaviors in Collision Welding Processes of Al-Cu, Al-Al, Cu-Cu

    Dingyi Jin1, Guo Wei2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 3455-3468, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048644

    Abstract To investigate the effects of material combinations and velocity conditions on atomic diffusion behavior near collision interfaces, this study simulates the atomic diffusion behavior near collision interfaces in Cu-Al, Al-Al and Cu-Cu combinations fabricated through collision welding using molecular dynamic (MD) simulation. The atomic diffusion behaviors are compared between similar metal combinations (Al-Al, Cu-Cu) and dissimilar metal combinations (Al-Cu). By combining the simulation results and classical diffusion theory, the diffusion coefficients for similar and dissimilar metal material combinations under different velocity conditions are obtained. The effects of material combinations and collision velocity on diffusion behaviors More >

  • Open Access


    Aerodynamic Analysis and Optimization of Pantograph Streamline Fairing for High-Speed Trains

    Xiang Kan1, Yan Li2, Tian Li1,*, Jiye Zhang1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.5, pp. 1075-1091, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.044050

    Abstract A pantograph serves as a vital device for the collection of electricity in trains. However, its aerodynamic resistance can limit the train’s running speed. As installing fairings around the pantograph is known to effectively reduce the resistance, in this study, different fairing lengths are considered and the related aerodynamic performances of pantograph are assessed. In particular, this is accomplished through numerical simulations based on the k-ω Shear Stress Transport (SST) two-equation turbulence model. The results indicate that the fairing diminishes the direct impact of high-speed airflow on the pantograph, thereby reducing its aerodynamic resistance. However, it More >

  • Open Access


    Smoothed-Particle Hydrodynamics Simulation of Ship Motion and Tank Sloshing under the Effect of Regular Waves

    Mingming Zhao, Jialong Jiao*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.5, pp. 1045-1061, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.043744

    Abstract Predicting the response of liquefied natural gas (LNG) contained in vessels subjected to external waves is extremely important to ensure the safety of the transportation process. In this study, the coupled behavior due to ship motion and liquid tank sloshing has been simulated by the Smoothed-Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method. Firstly, the sloshing flow in a rectangular tank was simulated and the related loads were analyzed to verify and validate the accuracy of the present SPH solver. Then, a three-dimensional simplified LNG carrier model, including two prismatic liquid tanks and a wave tank, was introduced. Different More >

  • Open Access


    Intratumoral Photodynamic Therapy With Newly Synthesized Pheophorbide a in Murine Oral Cancer

    Mee-Young Ahn*1, Hyo-Eun Yoon†1, Seong-Yong Moon, Yong-Chul Kim§, Jung-Hoon Yoon

    Oncology Research, Vol.25, No.2, pp. 295-304, 2017, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14732527645922

    Abstract Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a therapeutic alternative for malignant tumors that uses a photosensitizer. Our group recently synthesized photosensitizer pheophorbide a (Pa) from chlorophyll-a. The present study investigated the therapeutic effect of PDT using intratumoral administration of the synthetic photosensitizer Pa in an in vivo murine oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) animal model. Pa accumulation was measured using the fluorescence spectrum and imaging in living C3H mice. Intratumoral treatment of Pa-PDT (IT Pa-PDT) significantly inhibited the growth of transplanted OSCC cells. Histopathological examination of tumor tissues showed that PCNA expression was significantly decreased, while TUNEL-stained… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic Economic Scheduling with Self-Adaptive Uncertainty in Distribution Network Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning

    Guanfu Wang1, Yudie Sun1, Jinling Li2,3,*, Yu Jiang1, Chunhui Li1, Huanan Yu2,3, He Wang2,3, Shiqiang Li2,3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.6, pp. 1671-1695, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.047794

    Abstract Traditional optimal scheduling methods are limited to accurate physical models and parameter settings, which are difficult to adapt to the uncertainty of source and load, and there are problems such as the inability to make dynamic decisions continuously. This paper proposed a dynamic economic scheduling method for distribution networks based on deep reinforcement learning. Firstly, the economic scheduling model of the new energy distribution network is established considering the action characteristics of micro-gas turbines, and the dynamic scheduling model based on deep reinforcement learning is constructed for the new energy distribution network system with a More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Unit Commitment with Accurate Dynamic Scenarios Clustering Based on Multi-Parametric Programming and Benders Decomposition

    Zhang Zhi1, Haiyu Huang2, Wei Xiong2, Yijia Zhou3, Mingyu Yan3,*, Shaolian Xia2, Baofeng Jiang2, Renbin Su2, Xichen Tian4

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.6, pp. 1557-1576, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.047401

    Abstract Stochastic unit commitment is one of the most powerful methods to address uncertainty. However, the existing scenario clustering technique for stochastic unit commitment cannot accurately select representative scenarios, which threatens the robustness of stochastic unit commitment and hinders its application. This paper provides a stochastic unit commitment with dynamic scenario clustering based on multi-parametric programming and Benders decomposition. The stochastic unit commitment is solved via the Benders decomposition, which decouples the primal problem into the master problem and two types of subproblems. In the master problem, the committed generator is determined, while the feasibility and… More >

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