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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Uncertainty-Aware Physical Simulation of Neural Radiance Fields for Fluids

    Haojie Lian1, Jiaqi Wang1, Leilei Chen2,*, Shengze Li3, Ruochen Cao4, Qingyuan Hu5, Peiyun Zhao1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 1143-1163, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048549

    Abstract This paper presents a novel framework aimed at quantifying uncertainties associated with the 3D reconstruction of smoke from 2D images. This approach reconstructs color and density fields from 2D images using Neural Radiance Field (NeRF) and improves image quality using frequency regularization. The NeRF model is obtained via joint training of multiple artificial neural networks, whereby the expectation and standard deviation of density fields and RGB values can be evaluated for each pixel. In addition, customized physics-informed neural network (PINN) with residual blocks and two-layer activation functions are utilized to input the density fields of the NeRF into Navier-Stokes equations… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Random Forest-Based Fatigue Reliability-Based Design Optimization for Aeroengine Structures

    Xue-Qin Li1, Lu-Kai Song2,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 665-684, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048445

    Abstract Fatigue reliability-based design optimization of aeroengine structures involves multiple repeated calculations of reliability degree and large-scale calls of implicit high-nonlinearity limit state function, leading to the traditional direct Monte Claro and surrogate methods prone to unacceptable computing efficiency and accuracy. In this case, by fusing the random subspace strategy and weight allocation technology into bagging ensemble theory, a random forest (RF) model is presented to enhance the computing efficiency of reliability degree; moreover, by embedding the RF model into multilevel optimization model, an efficient RF-assisted fatigue reliability-based design optimization framework is developed. Regarding the low-cycle fatigue reliability-based design optimization of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Enhanced Ensemble-Based Long Short-Term Memory Approach for Traffic Volume Prediction

    Duy Quang Tran1, Huy Q. Tran2,*, Minh Van Nguyen3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3585-3602, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047760

    Abstract With the advancement of artificial intelligence, traffic forecasting is gaining more and more interest in optimizing route planning and enhancing service quality. Traffic volume is an influential parameter for planning and operating traffic structures. This study proposed an improved ensemble-based deep learning method to solve traffic volume prediction problems. A set of optimal hyperparameters is also applied for the suggested approach to improve the performance of the learning process. The fusion of these methodologies aims to harness ensemble empirical mode decomposition’s capacity to discern complex traffic patterns and long short-term memory’s proficiency in learning temporal relationships. Firstly, a dataset for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improving Thyroid Disorder Diagnosis via Ensemble Stacking and Bidirectional Feature Selection

    Muhammad Armghan Latif1, Zohaib Mushtaq2, Saad Arif3, Sara Rehman4, Muhammad Farrukh Qureshi5, Nagwan Abdel Samee6, Maali Alabdulhafith6,*, Yeong Hyeon Gu7, Mohammed A. Al-masni7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4225-4241, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047621

    Abstract Thyroid disorders represent a significant global health challenge with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism as two common conditions arising from dysfunction in the thyroid gland. Accurate and timely diagnosis of these disorders is crucial for effective treatment and patient care. This research introduces a comprehensive approach to improve the accuracy of thyroid disorder diagnosis through the integration of ensemble stacking and advanced feature selection techniques. Sequential forward feature selection, sequential backward feature elimination, and bidirectional feature elimination are investigated in this study. In ensemble learning, random forest, adaptive boosting, and bagging classifiers are employed. The effectiveness of these techniques is evaluated using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of Software Bugs by Analyzing Natural Language-Based Requirements Using Optimized Deep Learning Features

    Qazi Mazhar ul Haq1, Fahim Arif2,3, Khursheed Aurangzeb4, Noor ul Ain3, Javed Ali Khan5, Saddaf Rubab6, Muhammad Shahid Anwar7,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4379-4397, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047172

    Abstract Software project outcomes heavily depend on natural language requirements, often causing diverse interpretations and issues like ambiguities and incomplete or faulty requirements. Researchers are exploring machine learning to predict software bugs, but a more precise and general approach is needed. Accurate bug prediction is crucial for software evolution and user training, prompting an investigation into deep and ensemble learning methods. However, these studies are not generalized and efficient when extended to other datasets. Therefore, this paper proposed a hybrid approach combining multiple techniques to explore their effectiveness on bug identification problems. The methods involved feature selection, which is used to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Design of a Multi-Stage Ensemble Model for Thyroid Prediction Using Learning Approaches

    M. L. Maruthi Prasad*, R. Santhosh

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.1, pp. 1-13, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.036628

    Abstract This research concentrates to model an efficient thyroid prediction approach, which is considered a baseline for significant problems faced by the women community. The major research problem is the lack of automated model to attain earlier prediction. Some existing model fails to give better prediction accuracy. Here, a novel clinical decision support system is framed to make the proper decision during a time of complexity. Multiple stages are followed in the proposed framework, which plays a substantial role in thyroid prediction. These steps include i) data acquisition, ii) outlier prediction, and iii) multi-stage weight-based ensemble learning process (MS-WEL). The weighted… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improving Prediction of Chronic Kidney Disease Using KNN Imputed SMOTE Features and TrioNet Model

    Nazik Alturki1, Abdulaziz Altamimi2, Muhammad Umer3,*, Oumaima Saidani1, Amal Alshardan1, Shtwai Alsubai4, Marwan Omar5, Imran Ashraf6,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3513-3534, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045868

    Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major health concern today, requiring early and accurate diagnosis. Machine learning has emerged as a powerful tool for disease detection, and medical professionals are increasingly using ML classifier algorithms to identify CKD early. This study explores the application of advanced machine learning techniques on a CKD dataset obtained from the University of California, UC Irvine Machine Learning repository. The research introduces TrioNet, an ensemble model combining extreme gradient boosting, random forest, and extra tree classifier, which excels in providing highly accurate predictions for CKD. Furthermore, K nearest neighbor (KNN) imputer is utilized to deal… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Classification of Conversational Sentences Using an Ensemble Pre-Trained Language Model with the Fine-Tuned Parameter

    R. Sujatha, K. Nimala*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1669-1686, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046963

    Abstract Sentence classification is the process of categorizing a sentence based on the context of the sentence. Sentence categorization requires more semantic highlights than other tasks, such as dependence parsing, which requires more syntactic elements. Most existing strategies focus on the general semantics of a conversation without involving the context of the sentence, recognizing the progress and comparing impacts. An ensemble pre-trained language model was taken up here to classify the conversation sentences from the conversation corpus. The conversational sentences are classified into four categories: information, question, directive, and commission. These classification label sequences are for analyzing the conversation progress and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Depression Intensity Classification from Tweets Using FastText Based Weighted Soft Voting Ensemble

    Muhammad Rizwan1,2, Muhammad Faheem Mushtaq1, Maryam Rafiq2, Arif Mehmood3, Isabel de la Torre Diez4, Monica Gracia Villar5,6,7, Helena Garay5,8,9, Imran Ashraf10,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2047-2066, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.037347

    Abstract Predicting depression intensity from microblogs and social media posts has numerous benefits and applications, including predicting early psychological disorders and stress in individuals or the general public. A major challenge in predicting depression using social media posts is that the existing studies do not focus on predicting the intensity of depression in social media texts but rather only perform the binary classification of depression and moreover noisy data makes it difficult to predict the true depression in the social media text. This study intends to begin by collecting relevant Tweets and generating a corpus of 210000 public tweets using Twitter… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Convolutional Neural Networks for Accurate Classification of Gastrointestinal Tract Syndromes

    Zahid Farooq Khan1, Muhammad Ramzan1,*, Mudassar Raza1, Muhammad Attique Khan2,3, Khalid Iqbal4, Taerang Kim5, Jae-Hyuk Cha5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1207-1225, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045491

    Abstract Accurate detection and classification of artifacts within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract frames remain a significant challenge in medical image processing. Medical science combined with artificial intelligence is advancing to automate the diagnosis and treatment of numerous diseases. Key to this is the development of robust algorithms for image classification and detection, crucial in designing sophisticated systems for diagnosis and treatment. This study makes a small contribution to endoscopic image classification. The proposed approach involves multiple operations, including extracting deep features from endoscopy images using pre-trained neural networks such as Darknet-53 and Xception. Additionally, feature optimization utilizes the binary dragonfly algorithm… More >

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