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Search Results (55)
  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Biochemical association between the prevalence of genetic polymorphism and myocardial infarction

    MOMINA SHAHID1, KANWAL REHMAN2, MUHAMMAD SAJID HAMID AKASH1,*, SHALEEM SUHAIL1, SUMBAL RASHEED1, MUHAMMAD IMRAN3,4, MOHAMMED A. ASSIRI3,4

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 473-484, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.025930

    Abstract Genetic polymorphism has a vital role in the pathogenesis and development of myocardial infarction (MI). Single nucleotide polymorphism at any one of the amino acid sequences can result in a diseased state. A single gene can exhibit genetic polymorphism at more than one position giving rise to different variants. Genetic polymorphism of angiotensinogen (AGT) M235T, AGT T174M, and angiotensin-1-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) can be a risk factor for MI. However, it is important to study the prevalence of genetic polymorphisms of these genes among different populations. MI is influenced by genetic… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study of Thermal, Phase Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Poly(L-lactide)-b-Poly(ethylene glycol)-b-Poly(L-lactide)/Poly(ethylene glycol) Blend Bioplastics

    Yodthong Baimark*, Theeraphol Phromsopha

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.4, pp. 1881-1894, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.025400

    Abstract A poly(L-lactide)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(L-lactide)(PLLA-PEG-PLLA) block copolymer has great potential for use as a flexible bioplastic. Highly flexible bioplastics are required for flexible packaging applications. In this work, a PEG was incorporated into block copolymer as a plasticizer by solvent casting. PLLA-PEG-PLLA/ PEG blends with different blend ratios were prepared, and the plasticizing effect and miscibility of PEG in block copolymer were intensively investigated compared to PLLA/PEG blends. The results indicated that the PEG was an effective plasticizer for the block copolymer. The blending of PEG decreased glass-transition temperature and accelerated the crystallization of both the PLLA and PLLA-PEG-PLLA matrices. The PEG… More > Graphic Abstract

    Study of Thermal, Phase Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Poly(L-lactide)-b-Poly(ethylene glycol)-b-Poly(L-lactide)/Poly(ethylene glycol) Blend Bioplastics

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Research on the Air Permeability of High Polymer Materials Used to Produce Sports Clothing Fabrics

    Jike Gao1, Fawei Li2,*, Shangjun Liu1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.5, pp. 1173-1187, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.021140

    Abstract Composite fabrics based on Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) polymer displays several notable properties. They are waterproof, windproof, permeable to moisture and thermally insulating at the same time. In the present study, PTFE fibers are used as raw material to make fiber membranes. The film is formed by crisscrossing interconnected fiber filaments and the related air permeability: tensile creep characteristics and other properties are tested. The results show that the pore size, thickness, and porosity of the film itself can affect the moisture permeability of the film. The water pressure resistance of the selected fabric is 8.5 kPa, and the moisture permeability is… More >

  • Open Access

    ERRATUM

    Preparation of Kenaf Biochar and Its Adsorption Properties for Methylene Blue

    Xin Wan1,2,#, Zhigang Xia3,4,#, Xiaoli Yang1,2, Chengfeng Zhou2, Yuanming Zhang1,2, Haoxi Ben1,2, Guangting Han1,2, Wei Jiang1,2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.3, pp. 1531-1531, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.027109

    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Development of a Novel Extrusion Process for Preparing Rice Straw/LLDPE Composites

    Huicheng Xu, Hao Xie, Weidong Shan, Weihong Wang*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.3, pp. 1123-1135, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.023959

    Abstract Straw utilization is a key issue related to agricultural production and air pollution control. In this study, a novel extrusion process was proposed to improve the physical and mechanical properties of the straw-reinforced linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) composite. Instead of crushing the straw and mixing it with plastic matrix, the new method mixes straw with plastic matrix in its original form. The intact long rice straws were parallelly spread on the LLDPE film and then rolled up together into a prefabricated roll. The rolls experienced three extrusion processes as follows: (1) twin-screw melting, cooling and crushing, single-screw extruding; (2) twin-screw… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Water Stress Induced by Polyethylene Glycol on Growth, Proline Accumulation in Agave americana L.

    Alfaro-Corres Arnoldo Enrique1,#, Lecona-Guzman Carlos Alberto1,#, Gutiérrez-Miceli Federico Antonio1, Martínez-Esteves Manuel2, Silverio-Gómez María del Carmen3, Medina-Lara María de Fátima2, Ruiz-Lau Nancy4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 629-643, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.023970

    Abstract The effect of water deficit was determined on both in vitro and soil seedling as well as in cells in suspension of Agave americana L. In order to do the establishment of cells, the formation of callus was induced; for it two auxins were evaluated: 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 4-mino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid (picloram) at three concentrations (0.25, 0.5 and 0.75 mg L−1) in three explants (leaf, root and meristems) cultured in MS semisolid medium. The callogenesis response was related to the type and section of the explant, as well as the regulator used, and a cell suspension was established using 0.5… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Characterization of Curing and Bonding of Wood with Adhesive Mixtures of Liquefied Wood and Hexamethylenediamine

    Jure Žigon1,*, Vit Šeda2, Petr Čermák2, Milan Šernek1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 991-1001, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.023584

    Abstract Various crosslinking agents can be added to the formulations of natural-based adhesives for wood bonding in order to achieve better durability and higher strength of the formed joints. In the present study, the effect of hexamethylenediamine (HMDA) addition on the performance of liquefied wood (LW) adhesive for wood bonding is investigated. Differential scanning calorimetry showed the improved thermal stability and crosslinking of the LW adhesive with HMDA. The intensified presence of amide linkages (C–N bonds) was found in LW+HMDA with attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Analysis of the bonded joints using an automated bonding evaluation system showed that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Revalorisation of Posidonia Oceanica as Reinforcement in Polyethylene/Maleic Anhydride Grafted Polyethylene Composites

    D. Puglia*, R. Petrucci, E. Fortunati, F. Luzi, J.M. Kenny, L. Torre

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.2, No.1, pp. 66-76, 2014, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2013.634134

    Abstract Posidonia Oceanica waste was used as reinforcement in a polyethylene matrix and the obtained composites were characterised by a tensile test and morphological analysis. The fi brous material derived from P. Oceanica wastes was characterised by morphological, thermal and chemical analysis, and a subsequent treatment with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at different weight content (2, 5 and 10 wt%) was considered as an optimised method for surface modifi cation of pristine fi bres (PO). The TGA analysis and morphological investigation of the treated fi bres selected the 5 wt% of NaOH as the best treatment. Matrix compatibilisation with maleic anhydride grafted… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Hemp Fiber on PET/Hemp Composites

    Aimé S. Fotso Talla1,2,*, Fouad Erchiqui1,2, Duygu Kocaefe1, Hamid Kaddami3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 285-290, 2014, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2014.634122

    Abstract The properties of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) reinforced with 1, 5, 10, 15 and 20% (w/w) alkaline-treated hemp fi bers were investigated following a series of processing stages. The fi ber concentration signifi cantly impacts the compounding process, yielding thermostable composites below 300°C. Their elastic moduli varied logarithmically with fi ber concentration, and were increased by up to 20% with respect to the nonreinforced formulation. Such reinforcement was, however, followed by a drastic decrease in the elongation at break, from more than 20 mm for the unreinforced PET to as low as 2.5 mm. Other properties showed closer observations to the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimization of Photo-Fenton Catalyst Preparation Based Bamboo Carbon Fiber by Response Surface Methodology

    Yizhang Wang1, Zhaoyang Yu1, Jinbo Hu1,2,*, Shanshan Chang1, Yuan Liu1, Ting Li2, Gonggang Liu1,*, Xiaodong (Alice) Wang3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 147-165, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.021306

    Abstract In this paper, the residue from bamboo factory has been used to design photo-Fenton catalyst, which has the advantages of low cost and magnetic recycling. The photo-Fenton catalytic performance of the biocarbon-based catalyst was excellent and its optimal preparation process was also explored by response surface methodology. First, bamboo-carbon fiber was selected as the photo-Fenton catalyst carrier. Subsequently, the surface of the carbon fiber was modified, with which dopamine, nano-Fe3O4 and nano-TiO2 were successively loaded by hydrothermal method. After examined single factor tests, four factors including dopamine concentration, ferric chloride mass, P25 titanium dioxide mass and liquid-solid ratio were selected… More > Graphic Abstract

    Optimization of Photo-Fenton Catalyst Preparation Based Bamboo Carbon Fiber by Response Surface Methodology

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