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  • Open Access


    Citrus Diseases Recognition Using Deep Improved Genetic Algorithm

    Usra Yasmeen1, Muhammad Attique Khan1, Usman Tariq2, Junaid Ali Khan1, Muhammad Asfand E. Yar3, Ch. Avais Hanif4, Senghour Mey5, Yunyoung Nam6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 3667-3684, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.022264

    Abstract Agriculture is the backbone of each country, and almost 50% of the population is directly involved in farming. In Pakistan, several kinds of fruits are produced and exported the other countries. Citrus is an important fruit, and its production in Pakistan is higher than the other fruits. However, the diseases of citrus fruits such as canker, citrus scab, blight, and a few more impact the quality and quantity of this Fruit. The manual diagnosis of these diseases required an expert person who is always a time-consuming and costly procedure. In the agriculture sector, deep learning… More >

  • Open Access


    An Integrated Deep Learning Framework for Fruits Diseases Classification

    Abdul Majid1, Muhammad Attique Khan1, Majed Alhaisoni2, Muhammad Asfand E. yar3, Usman Tariq4, Nazar Hussain1, Yunyoung Nam5,*, Seifedine Kadry6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 1387-1402, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.017701

    Abstract Agriculture has been an important research area in the field of image processing for the last five years. Diseases affect the quality and quantity of fruits, thereby disrupting the economy of a country. Many computerized techniques have been introduced for detecting and recognizing fruit diseases. However, some issues remain to be addressed, such as irrelevant features and the dimensionality of feature vectors, which increase the computational time of the system. Herein, we propose an integrated deep learning framework for classifying fruit diseases. We consider seven types of fruits, i.e., apple, cherry, blueberry, grapes, peach, citrus,… More >

  • Open Access


    Multiclass Cucumber Leaf Diseases Recognition Using Best Feature Selection

    Nazar Hussain1, Muhammad Attique Khan1, Usman Tariq2, Seifedine Kadry3,*, MuhammadAsfand E. Yar4, Almetwally M. Mostafa5, Abeer Ali Alnuaim6, Shafiq Ahmad7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 3281-3294, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019036

    Abstract Agriculture is an important research area in the field of visual recognition by computers. Plant diseases affect the quality and yields of agriculture. Early-stage identification of crop disease decreases financial losses and positively impacts crop quality. The manual identification of crop diseases, which are mostly visible on leaves, is a very time-consuming and costly process. In this work, we propose a new framework for the recognition of cucumber leaf diseases. The proposed framework is based on deep learning and involves the fusion and selection of the best features. In the feature extraction phase, VGG (Visual… More >

  • Open Access


    A Cascaded Design of Best Features Selection for Fruit Diseases Recognition

    Faiz Ali Shah1, Muhammad Attique Khan2, Muhammad Sharif1, Usman Tariq3, Aimal Khan4, Seifedine Kadry5, Orawit Thinnukool6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 1491-1507, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019490

    Abstract Fruit diseases seriously affect the production of the agricultural sector, which builds financial pressure on the country's economy. The manual inspection of fruit diseases is a chaotic process that is both time and cost-consuming since it involves an accurate manual inspection by an expert. Hence, it is essential that an automated computerised approach is developed to recognise fruit diseases based on leaf images. According to the literature, many automated methods have been developed for the recognition of fruit diseases at the early stage. However, these techniques still face some challenges, such as the similar symptoms… More >

  • Open Access


    Human Gait Recognition: A Deep Learning and Best Feature Selection Framework

    Asif Mehmood1, Muhammad Attique Khan2, Usman Tariq3, Chang-Won Jeong4, Yunyoung Nam5,*, Reham R. Mostafa6, Amira ElZeiny7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 343-360, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019250

    Abstract Background—Human Gait Recognition (HGR) is an approach based on biometric and is being widely used for surveillance. HGR is adopted by researchers for the past several decades. Several factors are there that affect the system performance such as the walking variation due to clothes, a person carrying some luggage, variations in the view angle. Proposed—In this work, a new method is introduced to overcome different problems of HGR. A hybrid method is proposed or efficient HGR using deep learning and selection of best features. Four major steps are involved in this work-preprocessing of the video frames,… More >

  • Open Access

    Malaria Blood Smear Classification Using Deep Learning and Best Features Selection

    Talha Imran1, Muhammad Attique Khan2, Muhammad Sharif1, Usman Tariq3, Yu-Dong Zhang4, Yunyoung Nam5,*, Yunja Nam5, Byeong-Gwon Kang5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 1875-1891, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.018946

    Abstract Malaria is a critical health condition that affects both sultry and frigid region worldwide, giving rise to millions of cases of disease and thousands of deaths over the years. Malaria is caused by parasites that enter the human red blood cells, grow there, and damage them over time. Therefore, it is diagnosed by a detailed examination of blood cells under the microscope. This is the most extensively used malaria diagnosis technique, but it yields limited and unreliable results due to the manual human involvement. In this work, an automated malaria blood smear classification model is More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Layered Deep Learning Features Fusion for Human Action Recognition

    Sadia Kiran1, Muhammad Attique Khan1, Muhammad Younus Javed1, Majed Alhaisoni2, Usman Tariq3, Yunyoung Nam4,*, Robertas Damaševičius5, Muhammad Sharif6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.3, pp. 4061-4075, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017800

    Abstract Human Action Recognition (HAR) is an active research topic in machine learning for the last few decades. Visual surveillance, robotics, and pedestrian detection are the main applications for action recognition. Computer vision researchers have introduced many HAR techniques, but they still face challenges such as redundant features and the cost of computing. In this article, we proposed a new method for the use of deep learning for HAR. In the proposed method, video frames are initially pre-processed using a global contrast approach and later used to train a deep learning model using domain transfer learning.… More >

  • Open Access


    Cotton Leaf Diseases Recognition Using Deep Learning and Genetic Algorithm

    Muhammad Rizwan Latif1, Muhamamd Attique Khan1, Muhammad Younus Javed1, Haris Masood2, Usman Tariq3, Yunyoung Nam4,*, Seifedine Kadry5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.3, pp. 2917-2932, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017364

    Abstract Globally, Pakistan ranks 4 in cotton production, 6 as an importer of raw cotton, and 3 in cotton consumption. Nearly 10% of GDP and 55% of the country's foreign exchange earnings depend on cotton products. Approximately 1.5 million people in Pakistan are engaged in the cotton value chain. However, several diseases such as Mildew, Leaf Spot, and Soreshine affect cotton production. Manual diagnosis is not a good solution due to several factors such as high cost and unavailability of an expert. Therefore, it is essential to develop an automated technique that can accurately detect and recognize these… More >

  • Open Access


    Gastrointestinal Tract Infections Classification Using Deep Learning

    Muhammad Ramzan1, Mudassar Raza1, Muhammad Sharif1, Muhammad Attique Khan2, Yunyoung Nam3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.3, pp. 3239-3257, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015920

    Abstract Automatic gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease recognition is an important application of biomedical image processing. Conventionally, microscopic analysis of pathological tissue is used to detect abnormal areas of the GI tract. The procedure is subjective and results in significant inter-/intra-observer variations in disease detection. Moreover, a huge frame rate in video endoscopy is an overhead for the pathological findings of gastroenterologists to observe every frame with a detailed examination. Consequently, there is a huge demand for a reliable computer-aided diagnostic system (CADx) for diagnosing GI tract diseases. In this work, a CADx was proposed for the… More >

  • Open Access


    Intrusion Detection Using a New Hybrid Feature Selection Model

    Adel Hamdan Mohammad*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.30, No.1, pp. 65-80, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.016140

    Abstract Intrusion detection is an important topic that aims at protecting computer systems. Besides, feature selection is crucial for increasing the performance of intrusion detection. This paper employs a new hybrid feature selection model for intrusion detection. The implemented model uses Grey Wolf Optimization (GWO) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithms in a new manner. In addition, this study introduces two new models called (PSO-GWO-NB) and (PSO-GWO-ANN) for feature selection and intrusion detection. PSO and GWO show emergent results in feature selection for several purposes and applications. This paper uses PSO and GWO to select features… More >

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