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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Material Topology Optimization of 2D Structures Using Convolutional Neural Networks

    Jiaxiang Luo1,2, Weien Zhou2,3, Bingxiao Du1,*, Daokui Li1, Wen Yao2,3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1919-1947, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048118

    Abstract In recent years, there has been significant research on the application of deep learning (DL) in topology optimization (TO) to accelerate structural design. However, these methods have primarily focused on solving binary TO problems, and effective solutions for multi-material topology optimization (MMTO) which requires a lot of computing resources are still lacking. Therefore, this paper proposes the framework of multiphase topology optimization using deep learning to accelerate MMTO design. The framework employs convolutional neural network (CNN) to construct a surrogate model for solving MMTO, and the obtained surrogate model can rapidly generate multi-material structure topologies… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental and Finite Element Analysis of Corroded High-Pressure Pipeline Repaired by Laminated Composite

    Seyed Mohammad Reza Abtahi1, Saeid Ansari Sadrabadi2,*, Gholam Hosein Rahimi1, Gaurav Singh2, Hamid Abyar3, Daniele Amato4, Luigi Federico5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1783-1806, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047575

    Abstract Repairs of corroded high-pressure pipelines are essential for fluids transportation under high pressure. One of the methods used in their repairs is the use of layered composites. The composite used must have the necessary strength. Therefore, the experiments and analytical solutions presented in this paper are performed according to the relevant standards and codes, including ASME PCC-2, ASME B31.8S, ASME B31.4, ISO 24817 and ASME B31.G. In addition, the experimental tests are replicated numerically using the finite element method. Setting the strain gauges at different distances from the defect location, can reduce the nonlinear effects, More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Comprehensive Investigation on Shear Performance of Improved Perfobond Connector

    Caiping Huang*, Zihan Huang, Wenfeng You

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 299-320, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.047850

    Abstract This paper presents an easily installed improved perfobond connector (PBL) designed to reduce the shear concentration of PBL. The improvement of PBL lies in changing the straight penetrating rebar to the Z-type penetrating rebar. To study the shear performance of improved PBL, two PBL test specimens which contain straight penetrating rebar and six improved PBL test specimens which contain Z-type penetrating rebars were designed and fabricated, and push-out tests of these eight test specimens were carried out to investigate and compare the shear behavior of PBL. Additionally, Finite Element Analysis (FEA) models of the PBL… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Supervised Learning for Finite Element Analysis of Holes under Biaxial Load

    Wai Tuck Chow*, Jia Tai Lau

    Digital Engineering and Digital Twin, Vol.2, pp. 103-130, 2024, DOI:10.32604/dedt.2024.044545

    Abstract This paper presents a novel approach to using supervised learning with a shallow neural network to increase the efficiency of the finite element analysis of holes under biaxial load. With this approach, the number of elements in the finite element analysis can be reduced while maintaining good accuracy. The neural network will be used to predict the maximum stress for holes of different configurations such as holes in a finite-width plate (2D), multiple holes (2D), staggered holes (2D), and holes in an infinite plate (3D). The predictions are based on their respective coarse mesh with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Large-Scale 3D Thermal Transfer Analysis with 1D Model of Piped Cooling Water

    Shigeki Kaneko1, Naoto Mitsume2, Shinobu Yoshimura1,*

    Digital Engineering and Digital Twin, Vol.2, pp. 33-48, 2024, DOI:10.32604/dedt.2023.044279

    Abstract In an integrated coal gasification combined cycle plant, cooling pipes are installed in the gasifier reactor and water cooling is executed to avoid reaching an excessively high temperature. To accelerate the design, it is necessary to develop an analysis system that can simulate the cooling operation within the practical computational time. In the present study, we assumed the temperature fields of the cooled object and the cooling water to be governed by the three-dimensional (3D) heat equation and the one-dimensional (1D) convection-diffusion equation, respectively. Although some existing studies have employed similar modeling, the applications have… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of Isogeometric Analysis Method in Three-Dimensional Gear Contact Analysis

    Long Chen1, Yan Yu1, Yanpeng Shang1, Zhonghou Wang1,*, Jing Zhang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 817-846, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031595

    Abstract Gears are pivotal in mechanical drives, and gear contact analysis is a typically difficult problem to solve. Emerging isogeometric analysis (IGA) methods have developed new ideas to solve this problem. In this paper, a three-dimensional body parametric gear model of IGA is established, and a theoretical formula is derived to realize single-tooth contact analysis. Results were benchmarked against those obtained from commercial software utilizing the finite element analysis (FEA) method to validate the accuracy of our approach. Our findings indicate that the IGA-based contact algorithm successfully met the Hertz contact test. When juxtaposed with the More > Graphic Abstract

    Application of Isogeometric Analysis Method in Three-Dimensional Gear Contact Analysis

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Development and Application of a Power Law Constitutive Model for Eddy Current Dampers

    Longteng Liang1,2,3, Zhouquan Feng2,4,*, Hongyi Zhang2,4, Zhengqing Chen2,4, Changzhao Qian1,3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2403-2419, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031260

    Abstract Eddy current dampers (ECDs) have emerged as highly desirable solutions for vibration control due to their exceptional damping performance and durability. However, the existing constitutive models present challenges to the widespread implementation of ECD technology, and there is limited availability of finite element analysis (FEA) software capable of accurately modeling the behavior of ECDs. This study addresses these issues by developing a new constitutive model that is both easily understandable and user-friendly for FEA software. By utilizing numerical results obtained from electromagnetic FEA, a novel power law constitutive model is proposed to capture the nonlinear More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulation of Surrounding Rock Deformation and Grouting Reinforcement of Cross-Fault Tunnel under Different Excavation Methods

    Duan Zhu1,2, Zhende Zhu1,2, Cong Zhang1,2,*, Lun Dai1,2, Baotian Wang1,2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2445-2470, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030847

    Abstract Tunnel construction is susceptible to accidents such as loosening, deformation, collapse, and water inrush, especially under complex geological conditions like dense fault areas. These accidents can cause instability and damage to the tunnel. As a result, it is essential to conduct research on tunnel construction and grouting reinforcement technology in fault fracture zones to address these issues and ensure the safety of tunnel excavation projects. This study utilized the Xianglushan cross-fault tunnel to conduct a comprehensive analysis on the construction, support, and reinforcement of a tunnel crossing a fault fracture zone using the three-dimensional finite… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on Flow Field Simulation at Transmission Towers in Loess Hilly Regions Based on Circular Boundary Constraints

    Yongxin Liu1, Huaiwei Cao2, Puyu Zhao2, Gang Yang1, Hua Yu1, Fuwei He3, Bo He2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.10, pp. 2417-2431, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029596

    Abstract When using high-voltage transmission lines for energy transmission in loess hilly regions, local extreme wind fields such as turbulence and high-speed cyclones occur from time to time, which can cause many kinds of mechanical and electrical failures, seriously affecting the reliable and stable energy transmission of the power grid. The existing research focuses on the wind field simulation of ideal micro-terrain and actual terrain with mostly single micro-terrain characteristics. Model boundary constraints and the influence of constrained boundaries are the main problems that need to be solved to accurately model and simulate complex flow fields.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Study on the Behaviour of Hybrid FRPs Reinforced RC Slabs Subjected to Blast Loads

    Mahdi Hosseini1,2,*, Bingyu Jian1,2, Jian Zhang3, Haitao Li1,2,*, Rodolfo Lorenzo4, Ahmad Hosseini5, Pritam Ghosh5, Feng Shen6, Dong Yang1,2, Ziang Wang1,2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.9, pp. 3517-3531, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.028164

    Abstract The safety of civilian and military infrastructure is a concern due to an increase in explosive risks, which has led to a demand for high-strength civil infrastructure with improved energy absorption capacity. In this study, a Finite Element (FE) numerical model was developed to determine the effect of hybrid Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) as a strengthening material on full-scale Reinforced Concrete (RC) slabs. The reinforcing materials under consideration were Carbon (CFRP) and Glass (GFRP) fibres, which were subjected to blast loads to determine the structural response. A laminated composite fabric material model was utilized to More > Graphic Abstract

    Numerical Study on the Behaviour of Hybrid FRPs Reinforced RC Slabs Subjected to Blast Loads

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