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  • Open Access


    Fluid-Structure Interaction in Arterial Network and Implications for Blood Pressure Measurement– A Numerical Study

    Peishuo Wu1, Chi Zhu1,2,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.1, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI: 10.32604/icces.2023.09869

    Abstract Central blood pressure, i.e., the blood pressure near the heart, is an important physiological indicator of the cardiovascular function of a patient. However, direct measurement of this quantity is rarely carried out due to the invasive nature of the procedure. Instead, blood pressure at the arm (brachial artery) measured through an inflatable cuff is commonly used to represent or estimate the central blood pressure. On the other hand, the aortic pressure propagates downstream in the form of pulse waves, which have to pass through a complex and compliant vascular network to reach the brachial artery. Therefore, the efficacy of cuff-measured… More >

  • Open Access



    Zhiyun Wang*, Ziqing Wang, Mo Yang

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, pp. 1-7, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.10

    Abstract This paper presents a two-dimensional fluid-structure interaction numerical simulation of fluid flow over two horizontal heat exchange cylinders affected by a flapping reed in a domain. The reed is a thin flexible sheet made of elastic material with one end fixed on the trailing edge of the upstream cylinder. The effects of the reed length and the cylinder spacing on the periodic oscillations of the reed, the flow field and the heat transfer of the downstream cylinder. The results show that the oscillation of the reed in this paper is a single-period oscillate model. Compared to the case of cylinder… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis and Optimization of Flow-Guided Structure Based on Fluid-Structure Interaction

    Yue Cui1,*, Liyuan Wang2, Jixing Ru3, Jian Wu1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1573-1584, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024873

    Abstract Gases containing sulfur oxides can cause corrosion and failure of bellows used as furnace blowers in high-temperature environments. In order to mitigate this issue, the behavior of an effective blast furnace blower has been examined in detail. Firstly, the Sereda corrosion model has been introduced to simulate the corrosion rate of the related bellows taking into account the effects of temperature and SO2 gas; such results have been compared with effective measurements; then, the average gas velocity in the pipeline and the von Mises stress distribution of the inner draft tube have been analyzed using a Fluid-Structure Interaction model. Finally,… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of the Influence of the Blade Deformation on Wind Turbine Output Power in the Framework of a Bidirectional Fluid-Structure Interaction Model

    Ling Yuan1, Zhenggang Liu2,*, Li Li3, Ming Lin1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.5, pp. 1129-1141, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.023538

    Abstract The blades of large-scale wind turbines can obviously deform during operation, and such a deformation can affect the wind turbine’s output power to a certain extent. In order to shed some light on this phenomenon, for which limited information is available in the literature, a bidirectional fluid-structure interaction (FSI) numerical model is employed in this work. In particular, a 5 MW large-scale wind turbine designed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) of the United States is considered as a testbed. The research results show that blades’ deformation can increase the wind turbine’s output power by 135 kW at rated working conditions.… More > Graphic Abstract

    Analysis of the Influence of the Blade Deformation on Wind Turbine Output Power in the Framework of a Bidirectional Fluid-Structure Interaction Model

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulation Study of Vibration Characteristics of Cantilever Traffic Signal Support Structure under Wind Environment

    Meng Zhang1, Zhichao Zhou1, Guifeng Zhao1,*, Fangfang Wang2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.1, pp. 673-698, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.021463

    Abstract Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and the finite element method (FEM) are used to investigate the wind-driven dynamic response of cantilever traffic signal support structures as a whole. By building a finite element model with the same scale as the actual structure and performing modal analysis, a preliminary understanding of the dynamic properties of the structure is obtained. Based on the two-way fluid-structure coupling calculation method, the wind vibration response of the structure under different incoming flow conditions is calculated, and the vibration characteristics of the structure are analyzed through the displacement time course data of the structure in the cross-wind… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on the Dynamic Response of Submerged Floating Tunnels to Wave Currents and Traffic Load

    Bolin Jiang1,*, Shanshan Wu2, Min Ji1, Bo Liang3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 159-173, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.020730

    Abstract Submerged floating tunnel (SFTs) are typically subjected to complex external environmental and internal loads such as wave currents and traffic load. In this study, this problem is investigated through a finite element method able to account for fluid-structure interaction. The obtained results show that increasing the number of vehicles per unit length enhances the transverse vibrational displacements of the SFT cross sections. Under ultimate traffic load condition, one-way and two-way syntropic distributions can promote the dynamic responses of SFTs whereas two-way reverse distributions have the opposite effect. More >

  • Open Access


    A Fluid-Structure Interaction Simulation of Coal and Gas Outbursts Based on the Interaction between the Gas Pressure and Deformation of a Coal-Rock Mass

    Lin Fang1,2,*, Mengjun Wu1,2, Bin Wu3, Honglin Li4, Chenhao He5,*, Fan Sun5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.130, No.3, pp. 1649-1668, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.018527

    Abstract Based on the theories of the gas seepage in coal seams and the deformation of the coal-rock medium, the gas seepage field in coal-rock mass is coupled with the deformation field of the coal-rock mass to establish a fluid-structure interaction model for the interaction between coal gas and coal-rock masses. The outburst process in coal-rock masses under the joint action of gas pressure and crustal stress is simulated using the material point method. The simulation results show the changes in gas pressure, velocity distribution, maximum principal stress distribution, and damage distribution during the process of the coal and gas outburst,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Hybrid Immersed Boundary/Coarse-Graining Method for Modeling Inextensible Semi-Flexible Filaments in Thermally Fluctuating Fluids

    Magdalini Ntetsika, Panayiotis Papadopoulos*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.129, No.3, pp. 1243-1258, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.017404

    Abstract A new and computationally efficient version of the immersed boundary method, which is combined with the coarse-graining method, is introduced for modeling inextensible filaments immersed in low-Reynolds number flows. This is used to represent actin biopolymers, which are constituent elements of the cytoskeleton, a complex network-like structure that plays a fundamental role in shape morphology. An extension of the traditional immersed boundary method to include a stochastic stress tensor is also proposed in order to model the thermal fluctuations in the fluid at smaller scales. By way of validation, the response of a single, massless, inextensible semiflexible filament immersed in… More >

  • Open Access


    The Nonlinear Coupling of Oscillating Bubble and Floating Body with Circular Hole

    Ming He, Yunlong Liu*, Shaofei Ren, Wentao Liu

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.3, pp. 923-942, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015259

    Abstract The fluid-structure interaction of the oscillating bubble and floating body with circular hole is essentially the nonlinear coupling problem among the incomplete movable boundary, free surface and bubble. This problem is particularly complicated in bubble dynamics. Combined with the volume of fluid method, the Eulerian finite element method is employed to deal with the fluid movement. Based on the improved penalty immersed boundary method, the transient axisymmetric numerical model is established in this paper, considering the fluid-structure interaction effect. The results of simulation are consistent with those of the electric discharge bubble experiment and explosion experiment. Subsequently, considering the influence… More >

  • Open Access


    Fluid-Structure Interaction in Problems of Patient Specific Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation with and Without Paravalvular Leakage Complication

    Adi Azriff Basri1,6,*, Mohammad Zuber2, Ernnie Illyani Basri1, Muhammad Shukri Zakaria5, Ahmad Fazli Abd Aziz3, Masaaki Tamagawa4, Kamarul Arifin Ahmad1,6

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.3, pp. 531-553, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.010925

    Abstract Paravalvular Leakage (PVL) has been recognized as one of the most dangerous complications in relation to Transcathether Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) activities. However, data available in the literature about Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) for this specific problem are relatively limited. In the present study, the fluid and structure responses of the hemodynamics along the patient aorta model and the aortic wall deformation are studied with the aid of numerical simulation taking into account PVL and 100% TAVI valve opening. In particular, the aorta without valve (AWoV) is assumed as the normal condition, whereas an aorta with TAVI 26 mm for… More >

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