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  • Open Access


    Modeling of Large-Scale Hydrogen Storage System Considering Capacity Attenuation and Analysis of Its Efficiency Characteristics

    Junhui Li1, Haotian Zhang1, Cuiping Li1,*, Xingxu Zhu1, Ruitong Liu2, Fangwei Duan2, Yongming Peng3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 291-313, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.027593

    Abstract In the existing power system with a large-scale hydrogen storage system, there are problems such as low efficiency of electric-hydrogen-electricity conversion and single modeling of the hydrogen storage system. In order to improve the hydrogen utilization rate of hydrogen storage system in the process of participating in the power grid operation, and speed up the process of electric-hydrogen-electricity conversion. This article provides a detailed introduction to the mathematical and electrical models of various components of the hydrogen storage unit, and also establishes a charging and discharging efficiency model that considers the temperature and internal gas partial pressure of the hydrogen… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on ECMS Based on Segmented Path Braking Energy Recovery in a Fuel Cell Vehicle

    Wen Sun1, Meijing Li2, Guoxiang Li1, Ke Sun1,*, Shuzhan Bai1,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 95-110, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042096

    Abstract Proton exchange membrane fuel cells are widely regarded as having the potential to replace internal combustion engines in vehicles. Since fuel cells cannot recover energy and have a slow dynamic response, they need to be used with different power sources. Developing efficient energy management strategies to achieve excellent fuel economy is the goal of research. This paper proposes an adaptive equivalent fuel minimum consumption strategy (AECMS) to solve the problem of the poor economy of the whole vehicle caused by the wrong selection of equivalent factors (EF) in traditional ECMS. In this method, the kinematics interval is used to update… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of the Influence of Geometrical Parameters on the Performance of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

    Guodong Zhang1, Huifang Tao1, Da Li1, Kewei Chen2, Guoxiang Li1,*, Shuzhan Bai1, Ke Sun1,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 219-237, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025566

    Abstract A suitable channel structure can lead to efficient gas distribution and significantly improve the power density of fuel cells. In this study, the influence of two channel design parameters is investigated, namely, the ratio of the channel width to the bipolar plate ridge width (i.e., the channel ridge ratio) and the channel depth. The impact of these parameters is evaluated with respect to the flow pattern, the gas composition distribution, the temperature field and the fuel cell output capability. The results show that a decrease in the channel ridge ratio and an increase in the channel depth can effectively make… More >

  • Open Access


    CFD Analysis of Spiral Flow Fields in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

    Jian Yao, Fayi Yan*, Xuejian Pei

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1425-1445, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025282

    Abstract Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are largely used in various applications because of their pollution-free products and high energy conversion efficiency. In order to improve the related design, in the present work a new spiral flow field with a bypass is proposed. The reaction gas enters the flow field in the central path and diffuses in two directions through the flow channel and the bypass. The bypasses are arranged incrementally. The number of bypasses and the cross-section size of the bypasses are varied parametrically while a single-cell model of the PEMFC is used. The influence of the concentration of… More > Graphic Abstract

    CFD Analysis of Spiral Flow Fields in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

  • Open Access


    The Impact of Hydrogen Energy Storage on the Electricity Harvesting

    Ghassan Mousa1, Ayman A. Aly2, Imran Khan3, Dag Øivind Madsen4,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1963-1978, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033627

    Abstract The economics, infrastructure, transportation, and level of living of a country are all influenced by energy. The gap between energy usage and availability is a global issue. Currently, all countries rely on fossil fuels for energy generation, and these fossil fuels are not sustainable. The hydrogen proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) power system is both clean and efficient. The fuel delivery system and the PEMFC make up the majority of the PEMFC power system. The lack of an efficient, safe, and cost-effective hydrogen storage system is still a major barrier to its widespread use. Solid hydrogen storage has the… More >

  • Open Access


    Gaussian PI Controller Network Classifier for Grid-Connected Renewable Energy System

    Ravi Samikannu1,*, K. Vinoth2, Narasimha Rao Dasari3, Senthil Kumar Subburaj4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 983-995, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.026069

    Abstract Multi-port converters are considered as exceeding earlier period decade owing to function in a combination of different energy sources in a single processing unit. Renewable energy sources are playing a significant role in the modern energy system with rapid development. In renewable sources like fuel combustion and solar energy, the generated voltages change due to their environmental changes. To develop energy resources, electric power generation involved huge awareness. The power and output voltages are plays important role in our work but it not considered in the existing system. For considering the power and voltage, Gaussian PI Controller-Maxpooling Deep Convolutional Neural… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Method for the Application of the ECMS (Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy) to Reduce Hydrogen Consumption in Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Wen Sun, Hao Liu, Ming Han, Ke Sun, Shuzhan Bai*, Guoxiang Li*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 867-882, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018923

    Abstract Fuel cell hybrid electric vehicles are currently being considered as ideal means to solve the energy crisis and global warming in today’s society. In this context, this paper proposes a method to solve the problem related to the dependence of the so-called optimal equivalent factor (determined in the framework of the equivalent consumption minimum strategy-ECMS) on the working conditions. The simulation results show that under typical conditions (some representative cities being considered), the proposed strategy can maintain the power balance; for different initial battery’s states of charge (SOC), after the SOC stabilizes, the fuel consumption is 5.25 L/100 km. More >

  • Open Access


    Research on the Intelligent Control Strategy of the Fuel Cell Phase-Shifting Full-Bridge Power Electronics DC-DC Converter

    Lei Zhang1, Yinlong Yuan1,*, Yihe Sun2, Yun Cheng1, Dian Wu1, Lei Ren1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.1, pp. 387-405, 2022, DOI:10.32604/EE.2022.017463

    Abstract With the aggravation of energy problems, the development and utilization of new energy has become the focus of all countries. As an effective new energy, the fuel cell has attracted the attention of scholars. However, due to the particularity of proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), the performance of traditional PI controlled phase-shifted full-bridge power electronics DC-DC converter cannot meet the needs of practical application. In order to further improve the dynamic performance of the converter, this paper first introduces several main topologies of the current mainstream front-end DC-DC converter, and analyzes their performance in the fuel cell system. Then,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Comprehensive Review on Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Microbial Fuel Cells

    Pooja Dange1,#, Nishit Savla1,#, Soumya Pandit2,*, Rambabu Bobba3, Sokhee P. Jung4, Piyush Kumar Gupta2, Mohit Sahni5, Ram Prasad6,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.3, pp. 665-697, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.015806

    Abstract The focus of microbial fuel cell research in recent years has been on the development of materials, microbes, and transfer of charges in the system, resulting in a substantial improvement in current density and improved power generation. The cathode is generally recognized as the limiting factor due to its high-distance proton transfer, slow oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), and expensive materials. The heterogeneous reaction determines power generation in MFC. This comprehensive review describes-recent advancements in the development of cathode materials and catalysts associated with ORR. The recent studies indicated the utilization of different metal oxides, the ferrite-based catalyst to overcome this… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Configuration of an Off-Grid Hybrid Wind-Hydrogen Energy System: Comparison of Two Systems

    Zekun Wang1,2,4, Yan Jia1,2,3,*, Yingjian Yang1, Chang Cai4,5, Yinpeng Chen1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.6, pp. 1641-1658, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.017464

    Abstract Due to the uncertainty of renewable energy power generation and the non-linearity of load demand, it becomes complicated to determine the capacity of each device in hybrid renewable energy power generation systems. This work aims to optimize the capacity of two types of the off-grid hybrid wind-hydrogen energy system. We considered the maximum profit of the system and the minimum loss of power supply probability as optimization goals. Firstly, we established steady-state models of the wind turbine, alkaline electrolyzer, lead-acid battery, and proton exchange membrane fuel cell in matrix laboratory software to optimize the capacity. Secondly, we analyzed the operating… More >

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