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  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Experimental Study of the Electrical Resistance of Graphene OxideReinforced Cement-Based Composites with Notch or Rebar

    Yangao Hu1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09773

    Abstract This paper investigates the effects of graphene oxide (GO), notch depth, rebar, and load on the resistivity of cement paste and mortar. The electrical conductivity of GO/cement composite reaches its maximum value when the GO content is 0.03%, which is approximately 50% higher compared to the composite without GO. The resistivity of GO/cement composite shows significant changes with increasing load from 0 to 40 kN. The gauge factor for compressive loading varies from about 26 to 73 for different GO contents. Moreover, the resistivity variation with the notch depth in GO/cement is found to be much greater than that in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Radiative Blood-Based Hybrid Copper-Graphene Nanoliquid Flows along a Source-Heated Leaning Cylinder

    Siti Nur Ainsyah Ghani1, Noor Fadiya Mohd Noor1,2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 1017-1037, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031372

    Abstract Variant graphene, graphene oxides (GO), and graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) dispersed in blood-based copper (Cu) nanoliquids over a leaning permeable cylinder are the focus of this study. These forms of graphene are highly beneficial in the biological and medical fields for cancer therapy, anti-infection measures, and drug delivery. The non-Newtonian Sutterby (blood-based) hybrid nanoliquid flows are generalized within the context of the Tiwari-Das model to simulate the effects of radiation and heating sources. The governing partial differential equations are reformulated into a nonlinear set of ordinary differential equations using similar transformational expressions. These equations are then transformed into boundary value problems… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION OF ALIGNED GRAPHITE THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS

    Hsiu-Hung Chena , Yuan Zhaob, Chung-Lung Chena,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 1-7, 2013, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v4.1.3004

    Abstract Carbon-based materials draw more and more attention from both academia and industry: its allotropes, including graphene nanoplatlets, graphite nanoplatlets and carbon nanotubes, can readily enhance thermal conductivity of thermal interface products when served as fillers. Structuraloptimization in micro/nano-scale has been investigated and expected to finely tune the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of thermal interface materials (TIMs). The capability of adjusting CTE of materials greatly benefits the design of interface materials as CTE mismatch between materials may result in serious fatigue at the interface region that goes through thermal cycles. Recently, a novel nano-thermal-interface material has been developed, which is… More >

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Uniaxial Compressive Mechanical Properties of Three-Dimensional Graphene: Theoretical Models and Molecular Dynamics Simulations

    Xinliang Li1, Jiangang Guo1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.1, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09484

    Abstract As the first two-dimensional (2D) material discovered in experiments, graphene has attracted increasing attention from the scientific community [1]. And it possesses many superb mechanical, electronic and optical properties [2-4] due to its unique atomic structure. Its Young’s modulus and failure strength are 1TPa and 130GPa [5], respectively. Thus, 2D graphene has been extensively used in nanosensors and nanocomposites [6-8], etc. In order to fabricate graphene-based devices which inherit outstanding properties of 2D graphene, materials scientists are trying to use 2D graphene as building blocks to construct three-dimensional (3D) carbon nanomaterials, such as 3D graphene networks [9-11]. Nowadays, these 3D… More >

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Self-Driving Behavior and Pinning Effect of Droplets on GrapheneCovered Functional Textured Surfaces

    Fujian Zhang1, Xiang Gao1, Zhongqiang Zhang1,2,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.4, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09169

    Abstract Biological features such as the bumps on the back of desert beetles and the spikes of cacti enable the directional transport of water droplets, creating conditions for their survival in nature. Inspired by the interesting natural phenomenon, a novel design of nanopillared surface with a gradient density of structural pillar matrix covered by a monolayer graphene is proposed to realize ultrafast self-driving of water droplets. The droplet can move spontaneously at ultrahigh speed of 75.7 m/s (272.52 km/h) from sparsest to densest regions of pillars while a wettability gradient is created by the gradient distribution density of pillar matrix relying… More >

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Tensile Properties and Microscopic Mechanism of Carbon Nanotube/Graphene Foam Materials

    Shuai Wang1,*, Lihong Liang1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.4, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09163

    Abstract Compared to pure carbon nanotube (CNT) foam (CF) and pure graphene foam (GrF), the CNT/graphene composite foam show enhanced mechanical properties, using coarse-grained molecular dynamics method, the tensile and compressive properties and corresponding deformation mechanism of several typical CNT/graphene composite foams were studied. The CNT coating could enhance the bending resistance of graphene, based on the CNT-coated graphene flakes, the CNT-coated graphene foam (CCGF) is constructed, which shows better compressive modulus due to the enhanced bending resistance of CNT-coated graphene flakes compared to graphene in pure GrF [1]. CNT can enhance the mechanical properties of graphene foams not only by… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Design and Analysis of Graphene Based Tunnel Field Effect Transistor with Various Ambipolar Reducing Techniques

    Puneet Kumar Mishra1, Amrita Rai1, Nitin Sharma2, Kanika Sharma3, Nitin Mittal4, Mohd Anul Haq5,*, Ilyas Khan6, ElSayed M. Tag El Din7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 1309-1320, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033828

    Abstract The fundamental advantages of carbon-based graphene material, such as its high tunnelling probability, symmetric band structure (linear dependence of the energy band on the wave direction), low effective mass, and characteristics of its 2D atomic layers, are the main focus of this research work. The impact of channel thickness, gate under-lap, asymmetric source/drain doping method, workfunction of gate contact, and High-K material on Graphene-based Tunnel Field Effect Transistor (TFET) is analyzed with 20 nm technology. Physical modelling and electrical characteristic performance have been simulated using the Atlas device simulator of SILVACO TCAD with user-defined material syntax for the newly included… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A Review of Graphene Oxide Crosslinking as Enhanced Corrosion Shield Application

    Nurul Anis Athirah Ab Aziz*, Chin Wei Lai*, Boon Hoong Ong

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.6, pp. 2745-2770, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.025899

    Abstract Nowadays, corrosion is not only undesirable, but it also has a significant influence on the industrial sectors and technical innovations that have demand for metals. The global economic damage is expected to reach $2.5 trillion, equivalent to more than 3.4% of the world’s GDP in 2013. It is linked with significant financial harm, manufacturing pollution, and safety issues. An electrochemical process primarily induces metal corrosion at the metalelectrolyte interface region, caused by steel oxidation and the reduction of oxygen, protons, and water. Therefore, organic and epoxy coatings can be applied as protective coatings. Additionally, it can prevent metal corrosion in… More > Graphic Abstract

    A Review of Graphene Oxide Crosslinking as Enhanced Corrosion Shield Application

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improving Crude Oil Flow Using Graphene Flakes under an Applied Electric Field

    Thaer Al-Jadir1,*, Laith S. Sabri2, Wafaa A. Kadhim3, Saja Mohsen Alardhi3, Raheek I. Ibrahim4

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.8, pp. 2067-2081, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.027156

    Abstract Graphene flakes (GF) have been prepared and assessed as a material for improving flow in oil pipelines under the effect of an electric field. In particular, different amounts of GFs have been considered in order to determine the optimal flow conditions. The GFs were prepared from graphite foam, derived from the dehydration of sugar with a particle size of 500–600 μm, which was dispersed in ethanol and exfoliated in a ball mill under a shear force. After 15 h of exfoliation, sonication, and subsequent high-speed centrifugation at 3000 rpm, irregular-shaped GFs of 50–140 nm were produced and characterized using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray… More > Graphic Abstract

    Improving Crude Oil Flow Using Graphene Flakes under an Applied Electric Field

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Graphene-Based Active Tunable Metasurfaces for Dynamic Terahertz Absorption and Polarization Conversion

    Haoran Wei, Tian Ji, Jianqing Huang*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 731-743, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.022283

    Abstract Simultaneous broadband absorption and polarization conversion are crucial in many practical applications, especially in terahertz communications. Thus, actively tunable metamaterial systems can exploit the graphene-based nanomaterials derived from renewable resources because of the flexible surface conductivity and selective permeability of the nanomaterials at terahertz frequencies. In this paper, we propose a graphene-based active tunable bifunctional metasurface for dynamic terahertz absorption and polarization conversion. The graphene ring presents a certain opening angle (A) along the diagonal of the xoy plane. When A = 0°, the proposed metasurface behaves as a broadband absorber. Numerical results show the feasibility of achieving this polarization-insensitive… More >

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