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  • Open Access


    Transarterial chemoembolization vs. liver resection as initial treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma occurring exclusively in caudate lobe: A retrospective propensity matching analysis


    Oncology Research, Vol.30, No.1, pp. 23-33, 2022, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.026044

    Abstract Treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the caudate lobe is technically challenging. This retrospective study was designed to evaluate the clinical outcome of both superselective transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and liver resection (LR) for HCC occurring exclusively in the caudate lobe. From January 2008 to September 2021, a total of 129 patients were diagnosed with HCC of the caudate lobe. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the potential clinical factors and established prognostic nomograms with interval validation. Of the total number of patients, 78 received TACE and 51 received LR. The overall survival (OS) rates (TACE vs.… More >

  • Open Access


    A double-edged sword: The HBV-induced non-coding RNAs alterations in hepatocellular carcinoma


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 27-32, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.023568

    Abstract Non-coding RNAs are speculated to exert important regulatory functions at the level of gene expression, oncogenesis, and many other pathologies. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and some studies have shown that the expression of non-coding RNAs has an assignable effect on the development of HBV-induced HCC. In this context, the functions and molecular mechanisms of the HBVinduced non-coding RNA expression in the development of hepatoma have attracted increasing attention. This review covers the progress in the exploration of the relationship between HBV-induced hepatoma and non-coding RNA expression, cataloging the recent reports about… More >

  • Open Access


    Heparanase/Syndecan-1 Axis Regulates the Grade of Liver Cancer and Proliferative Ability of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

    Shengjin Yu, Huiming Lv, Jinhui Zhang, He Zhang, Weiwei Ju, Yu Jiang*, Lijuan Lin*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 539-551, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024882

    Abstract Background: Although heparanase/syndecan-1 axis is involved in malignant progression of many cancers, its significance in liver cancer is not well understood. In this study, we explored the value of heparanase/syndecan-1 axis expression in liver cancer and the intervention mechanisms that target this axis by inhibiting the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Materials and Methods: We conducted tissue microarray analysis that included 90 primary liver cancer and their corresponding adjacent samples to evaluate the expression of heparanase and syndecan-1 and their correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics. RNA interference and western blot assays were performed to analyze the effect of heparanase on syndecan-1… More >

  • Open Access


    A UHPLC/MS/MS Assay Based on an Isotope-Labeled Peptide for Sensitive miR-21 Detection in HCC Serum

    Xinyue Wang1,#, Jing Xu1,#, Qihong Gu1, Dingxuan Tang1, Huoyan Ji2, Shaoqing Ju2, Feng Wang2,*, Lin Chen3, Ruoyu Yuan2,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 513-526, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024373

    Abstract Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as promising novel biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and prognosis, especially for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nowadays, the expression level of miR-21 in serum samples is a diagnostic indicator for HCC diagnosis. Thus, the quantitative determination of miRNA concentration is of significance in clinical practice. It is particularly important to establish an analytical detection method for miR-21 in patient serum. Methods: The signal readout for miR-21 was based on the mass response of a reporter peptide using an isotope dilution mass spectrometry (MS) method in this work. To be more specific, miR-21 was biotinylated before being… More >

  • Open Access


    The Eph/Ephrin System in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Functional Roles and Potential Therapeutic Targets

    Xin Shu, Qiang Wang*, Qingming Wu*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 427-439, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.023248

    Abstract Liver cancer is ranked as the second leading cause of cancer-related death across the world, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) comprises nearly 90% of all primary liver cancer cases. However, until now, the pathological mechanisms underlying HCC oncogenesis and development remains largely unclear. Eph receptors and their ephrin ligands (Eph/Ephrin system) are involved in various physiological process, such as embryogenesis, neuronal migration, immune response and vascular development. Recently, emerging evidence has showed that the Eph/Ephrin system also plays an essential role in initiation and development of multiple types of cancer, including liver cancer. The Eph/Ephrin system has been reported to contribute… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparison of IDEAL-IQ and IVIM-DWI for Differentiating between Alpha Fetoprotein-Negative Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Focal Nodular Hyperplasia

    Shaopeng Li, Peng Wang, Jun Qiu, Yiju Xie, Dawei Yin, Kexue Deng*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 527-538, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.022815

    Abstract Background: To compare the differential diagnostic value of iterative decomposition of water and fat with the echo asymmetrical and least-squares estimation quantitation sequence (IDEAL-IQ) with that of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM DWI) in differentiating between alpha fetoprotein (AFP)-negative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH). Materials and Methods: A total of 28 AFP-negative HCC cases and 15 FNH cases were scanned using the IDEAL-IQ and IVIM-DWI magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocols. Two radiologists independently assessed the fat fraction (FF) and the iron level surrogate (R2*) derived from the IDEAL-IQ images and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pure… More >

  • Open Access


    Magnesium Demethylcantharidate induces apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma cells via ER stress


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.12, pp. 2595-2600, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.025468

    Abstract Cantharidin (CTD) is a bioactive ingredient isolated from Cantharis vesicatoria (blister beetles), which has potential therapeutic value as an anticancer agent. Magnesium Demethylcantharidate (MDC) is a recently developed derivative of Cantharidin (CTD), and previous studies have illustrated its excellent anticancer activity on HCC cells. However, the effect and mechanism of MDC remains unclear and need to be further studied. In particular, whether MDC can cause ER stress in HCC is still unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-related proteins were changed in SMMC-7721 and Bel-7402 cells after being exposed to MDC. Moreover, we found that MDC… More >

  • Open Access


    Long noncoding RNA LINC01124 activates hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by absorbing microRNA-1247-5p and overexpressing FOXO3


    Oncology Research, Vol.29, No.3, pp. 175-187, 2021, DOI:10.32604/or.2022.03550

    Abstract Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 1124 (LINC01124) has been identified as an important regulator of non-small-cell lung cancer. However, the expression and detailed role of LINC01124 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unestablished to date. Therefore, this study aimed to elucidate the role of LINC01124 in the aggressiveness of HCC cells and identify the underlying regulatory mechanism. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was performed to measure the expression of LINC01124 in HCC. Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, Transwell cell migration and invasion assays, and a xenograft tumor model were used to investigate the function of LINC01124 in HCC cells, and bioinformatics analysis,… More >

  • Open Access


    MicroRNA-200a Suppresses Cell Invasion and Migration by Directly Targeting GAB1 in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    Jianlin Wang*1, Wenjie Song*1, Weiwei Shen†1, Xisheng Yang*, Wei Sun*, Sshibin Qu*, Runze Shang*, Ben Ma*, Meng Pu*, Kaishan Tao*, Kefeng Dou*, Haimin Li*

    Oncology Research, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 281-282, 2019, DOI:10.3727/096504019X15476499940873

    Abstract MicroRNA-200a (miR-200a) is frequently downregulated in most cancer types and plays an important role in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. In this study, we determined that miR-200a was downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and cell lines, consistent with the results of our previous study. Because a previous study suggested that downregulation of miR-200a is correlated with HCC metastasis, we aimed to elucidate the mechanism underlying the role of miR-200a in metastasis in HCC. Here we observed that overexpression of miR-200a resulted in suppression of HCC metastatic ability, including HCC cell migration, invasion, and metastasis, in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore,… More >

  • Open Access


    Reactive Oxygen Species-Mediated Cezanne Inactivation by Oxidation of its Catalytic Cysteine Residue in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    Zhongyuan Yin*, Lin Yang, Feng Wu, Jinshuo Fan, Juanjuan Xu, Yang Jin, Guanghai Yang§

    Oncology Research, Vol.27, No.9, pp. 1069-1077, 2019, DOI:10.3727/096504019X15566157027506

    Abstract Cysteine oxidation occurs at the active site of deubiquitinases (DUBs) during many biologic signaling cascades. Here we report that hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HCCs) generated higher levels of endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS). This elevated ROS production was inhibited by NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenylene iodonium (DPI) and mitochondria electron chain inhibitor rotenone in HCC cells. Moreover, we found that H2O2 could activate NF- B-dependent inflammatory effect through increased induction of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), MMP9, and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1) expression levels. In addition, we found that H2O2 could prolong NF- B activation by suppressing the negative regulatory functions of… More >

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