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  • Open Access


    Diabetic Retinopathy Detection Using Classical-Quantum Transfer Learning Approach and Probability Model

    Amna Mir1, Umer Yasin1, Salman Naeem Khan1, Atifa Athar3,*, Riffat Jabeen2, Sehrish Aslam1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 3733-3746, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.022524

    Abstract Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is a common complication of diabetes mellitus that causes lesions on the retina that affect vision. Late detection of DR can lead to irreversible blindness. The manual diagnosis process of DR retina fundus images by ophthalmologists is time consuming and costly. While, Classical Transfer learning models are extensively used for computer aided detection of DR; however, their maintenance costs limits detection performance rate. Therefore, Quantum Transfer learning is a better option to address this problem in an optimized manner. The significance of Hybrid quantum transfer learning approach includes that it performs heuristically. Thus, our proposed methodology aims… More >

  • Open Access


    Plant Disease Diagnosis and Image Classification Using Deep Learning

    Rahul Sharma1, Amar Singh1, Kavita2, N. Z. Jhanjhi3, Mehedi Masud4, Emad Sami Jaha5, Sahil Verma2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 2125-2140, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020017

    Abstract Indian agriculture is striving to achieve sustainable intensification, the system aiming to increase agricultural yield per unit area without harming natural resources and the ecosystem. Modern farming employs technology to improve productivity. Early and accurate analysis and diagnosis of plant disease is very helpful in reducing plant diseases and improving plant health and food crop productivity. Plant disease experts are not available in remote areas thus there is a requirement of automatic low-cost, approachable and reliable solutions to identify the plant diseases without the laboratory inspection and expert's opinion. Deep learning-based computer vision techniques like Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and… More >

  • Open Access


    Breast Cancer Detection and Classification Using Deep CNN Techniques

    R. Rajakumari1,*, L. Kalaivani2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 1089-1107, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.020178

    Abstract Breast cancer is a commonly diagnosed disease in women. Early detection, a personalized treatment approach, and better understanding are necessary for cancer patients to survive. In this work, a deep learning network and traditional convolution network were both employed with the Digital Database for Screening Mammography (DDSM) dataset. Breast cancer images were subjected to background removal followed by Wiener filtering and a contrast limited histogram equalization (CLAHE) filter for image restoration. Wavelet packet decomposition (WPD) using the Daubechies wavelet level 3 (db3) was employed to improve the smoothness of the images. For breast cancer recognition, these preprocessed images were first… More >

  • Open Access


    Certain Investigations on Melanoma Detection Using Non-Subsampled Bendlet Transform with Different Classifiers

    S. Poovizhi, T. R. Ganesh Babu, R. Praveena*

    Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 201-219, 2021, DOI:10.32604/mcb.2021.017984

    Abstract Skin is the largest organ and outer enclosure of the integumentary system that protects the human body from pathogens. Among various cancers in the world, skin cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancer which can be either melanoma or non-melanoma. Melanoma cancers are very fatal compared with non-melanoma cancers but the chances of survival rate are high when diagnosed and treated earlier. The main aim of this work is to analyze and investigate the performance of Non-Subsampled Bendlet Transform (NSBT) on various classifiers for detecting melanoma from dermoscopic images. NSBT is a multiscale and multidirectional transform based on… More >

  • Open Access


    Brain Image Classification Using Time Frequency Extraction with Histogram Intensity Similarity

    Thangavel Renukadevi1,*, Kuppusamy Saraswathi1, P. Prabu2, K. Venkatachalam3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.41, No.2, pp. 645-460, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.020810

    Abstract Brain medical image classification is an essential procedure in Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) systems. Conventional methods depend specifically on the local or global features. Several fusion methods have also been developed, most of which are problem-distinct and have shown to be highly favorable in medical images. However, intensity-specific images are not extracted. The recent deep learning methods ensure an efficient means to design an end-to-end model that produces final classification accuracy with brain medical images, compromising normalization. To solve these classification problems, in this paper, Histogram and Time-frequency Differential Deep (HTF-DD) method for medical image classification using Brain Magnetic Resonance Image… More >

  • Open Access


    Efficient Deep CNN Model for COVID-19 Classification

    Walid El-Shafai1,2,*, Amira A. Mahmoud1, El-Sayed M. El-Rabaie1, Taha E. Taha1, Osama F. Zahran1, Adel S. El-Fishawy1, Mohammed Abd-Elnaby3, Fathi E. Abd El-Samie1,4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 4373-4391, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019354

    Abstract Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection was initially acknowledged as a global pandemic in Wuhan in China. World Health Organization (WHO) stated that the COVID-19 is an epidemic that causes a 3.4% death rate. Chest X-Ray (CXR) and Computerized Tomography (CT) screening of infected persons are essential in diagnosis applications. There are numerous ways to identify positive COVID-19 cases. One of the fundamental ways is radiology imaging through CXR, or CT images. The comparison of CT and CXR scans revealed that CT scans are more effective in the diagnosis process due to their high quality. Hence, automated classification techniques are required to facilitate… More >

  • Open Access


    Land-Cover Classification and its Impact on Peshawar’s Land Surface Temperature Using Remote Sensing

    Shahab Ul Islam1, Saifullah Jan2, Abdul Waheed3,4,*, Gulzar Mehmood5, Mahdi Zareei6, Faisal Alanazi7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 4123-4145, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019226

    Abstract Spatial and temporal information on urban infrastructure is essential and requires various land-cover/land-use planning and management applications. Besides, a change in infrastructure has a direct impact on other land-cover and climatic conditions. This study assessed changes in the rate and spatial distribution of Peshawar district’s infrastructure and its effects on Land Surface Temperature (LST) during the years 1996 and 2019. For this purpose, firstly, satellite images of bands7 and 8 ETM+(Enhanced Thematic Mapper) plus and OLI (Operational Land Imager) of 30 m resolution were taken. Secondly, for classification and image processing, remote sensing (RS) applications ENVI (Environment for Visualising Images)… More >

  • Open Access


    A Multilevel Deep Feature Selection Framework for Diabetic Retinopathy Image Classification

    Farrukh Zia1, Isma Irum1, Nadia Nawaz Qadri1, Yunyoung Nam2,*, Kiran Khurshid3, Muhammad Ali1, Imran Ashraf4, Muhammad Attique Khan4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 2261-2276, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.017820

    Abstract Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is the upset that happens due to high glucose level within the body. With the passage of time, this polygenic disease creates eye deficiency referred to as Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) which can cause a major loss of vision. The symptoms typically originate within the retinal space square in the form of enlarged veins, liquid dribble, exudates, haemorrhages and small scale aneurysms. In current therapeutic science, pictures are the key device for an exact finding of patients’ illness. Meanwhile, an assessment of new medicinal symbolisms stays complex. Recently, Computer Vision (CV) with deep neural networks can… More >

  • Open Access


    An Enhanced Deep Learning Model for Automatic Face Mask Detection

    Qazi Mudassar Ilyas1, Muneer Ahmad2,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.31, No.1, pp. 241-254, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.018042

    Abstract The recent COVID-19 pandemic has had lasting and severe impacts on social gatherings and interaction among people. Local administrative bodies enforce standard operating procedures (SOPs) to combat the spread of COVID-19, with mandatory precautionary measures including use of face masks at social assembly points. In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO) strongly recommends people wear a face mask as a shield against the virus. The manual inspection of a large number of people for face mask enforcement is a challenge for law enforcement agencies. This work proposes an automatic face mask detection solution using an enhanced lightweight deep learning model.… More >

  • Open Access


    An Optimized CNN Model Architecture for Detecting Coronavirus (COVID-19) with X-Ray Images

    Anas Basalamah1, Shadikur Rahman2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.40, No.1, pp. 375-388, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.016949

    Abstract This paper demonstrates empirical research on using convolutional neural networks (CNN) of deep learning techniques to classify X-rays of COVID-19 patients versus normal patients by feature extraction. Feature extraction is one of the most significant phases for classifying medical X-rays radiography that requires inclusive domain knowledge. In this study, CNN architectures such as VGG-16, VGG-19, RestNet50, RestNet18 are compared, and an optimized model for feature extraction in X-ray images from various domains involving several classes is proposed. An X-ray radiography classifier with TensorFlow GPU is created executing CNN architectures and our proposed optimized model for classifying COVID-19 (Negative or Positive).… More >

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