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Search Results (103)
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of Ultra Fine Glass Powder on the Properties and Microstructure of Mortars

    Wei Chen*, Dingdan Liu, Yue Liang

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.5, pp. 915-938, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.046335

    Abstract This study focuses on the effect of ultrafine waste glass powder on cement strength, gas permeability and pore structure. Varying contents were considered, with particle sizes ranging from 2 to 20 μm. Moreover, alkali activation was considered to ameliorate the reactivity and cementitious properties, which were assessed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and specific surface area pore size distribution analysis. According to the results, without the addition of alkali activators, the performance of glass powder mortar decreases as the amount of glass powder increases, affecting various aspects such as strength… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MIDNet: Deblurring Network for Material Microstructure Images

    Jiaxiang Wang1, Zhengyi Li1, Peng Shi1, Hongying Yu2, Dongbai Sun1,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1187-1204, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046929

    Abstract Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is a crucial tool in the field of materials science, providing valuable insights into the microstructural characteristics of materials. Unfortunately, SEM images often suffer from blurriness caused by improper hardware calibration or imaging automation errors, which present challenges in analyzing and interpreting material characteristics. Consequently, rectifying the blurring of these images assumes paramount significance to enable subsequent analysis. To address this issue, we introduce a Material Images Deblurring Network (MIDNet) built upon the foundation of the Nonlinear Activation Free Network (NAFNet). MIDNet is meticulously tailored to address the blurring in images… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancing the Performance of Polylactic Acid (PLA) Reinforcing with Sawdust, Rice Husk, and Bagasse Particles

    A. MADHAN KUMAR1, K. JAYAKUMAR2,*, M. SHALINI3

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.39, No.3-4, pp. 269-281, 2022, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2022.39.3-4.7

    Abstract Polylactic acid (PLA) is the most popular thermoplastic biopolymer providing a stiffness and strength alternative to fossil-based plastics. It is also the most promising biodegradable polymer on the market right now, thus gaining a substitute for conservative artificial polymers. Therefore, the current research focuses on synthesizing and mechanical characterization of particlereinforced PLA composites. The hot compression molding technique was used to fabricate PLA-based composites with 0, 2.5, 5, and 7.5 weight % of sawdust, rice husk, and bagasse particle reinforcements to enhance the performance of the PLA. The pellets of PLA matrix were taken with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Chiral Copolymers of (R)-N-(1-Phenyl-Ethyl) Methacrylamide (R-NPEMAM) and 2-Hydroxy Ethyl Methacrylate (HEMA): Investigation of PhysicoChemical Behavior, Thermal Properties and Degradation Kinetics

    DIBYENDU S. BAG*, SHILPI TIWARI, AKANSHA DIXIT, KM. MEENU

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.40, No.1-2, pp. 105-123, 2023, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2023.40.1-2.9

    Abstract In this paper, we report the microstructural investigation and influence of H-bonding on the thermal behavior e.g., glass transition (Tg ) and thermal degradation of chiral copolymers of (R)- N-(1-phenyl-ethyl) methacrylamide (R-NPEMAM) and 2-hydroxy ethyl methacrylate (HEMA). The Tg increases with the increase of chiral unit content in the copolymers and then attains optimum at around 25 mole % of chiral content. Thereafter it decreases with the increase of chiral content. The effect of copolymer composition and secondary interaction associated with the Hbonding on the thermal properties of these copolymers was also studied. Secondary interaction, specifically More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Investigation into the Compressive Strength, Permeability and Microstructure of Quartzite-Rock-Sand Mortar

    Wei Chen*, Wuwen Liu, Yue Liang

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 859-872, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.029310

    Abstract River sand is an essential component used as a fine aggregate in mortar and concrete. Due to unrestrained exploitation, river sand resources are gradually being exhausted. This requires alternative solutions. This study deals with the properties of cement mortar containing different levels of manufactured sand (MS) based on quartzite, used to replace river sand. The river sand was replaced at 20%, 40%, 60% and 80% with MS (by weight or volume). The mechanical properties, transfer properties, and microstructure were examined and compared to a control group to study the impact of the replacement level. The More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Topology Optimization of Metamaterial Microstructures for Negative Poisson’s Ratio under Large Deformation Using a Gradient-Free Method

    Weida Wu, Yiqiang Wang, Zhonghao Gao, Pai Liu*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 2001-2026, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.046670

    Abstract Negative Poisson’s ratio (NPR) metamaterials are attractive for their unique mechanical behaviors and potential applications in deformation control and energy absorption. However, when subjected to significant stretching, NPR metamaterials designed under small strain assumption may experience a rapid degradation in NPR performance. To address this issue, this study aims to design metamaterials maintaining a targeted NPR under large deformation by taking advantage of the geometry nonlinearity mechanism. A representative periodic unit cell is modeled considering geometry nonlinearity, and its topology is designed using a gradient-free method. The unit cell microstructural topologies are described with the… More >

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Formation of Horizontal Dislocation Wall in Metals During Tribology

    Wenzhen Xia1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09758

    Abstract Microstructural alteration of tribo-elements' the near-surface region significantly affects how long a tribosystem will last. To design and tailor future surfaces of tribo-elements, a fundamental understanding of microstructure evolution under local tribological exposure is required. During the initial steps of macrotribological process in metals, horizontal dislocation walls have been observed, which later develop into the grain-refined tribolayer, however, their fundamental mechanisms are yet unknown. In this work, we developed a novel micro-tribological test, in order to directly inspect the contact zone and simplify the stress status. Our preliminary basic tribological experiments identify grain orientation and More >

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Multi-Scale Topology Optimization Method Considering Multiple Structural Performances

    Wenjun Chen1, Yingjun Wang1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023. 09096

    Abstract The rapid development of topology optimization has given birth to a large amount of different topology optimization methods, and each of them can manage a class of corresponding engineering problems. However, structures need to meet a variety of requirements in engineering application, such as lightweight and multiple load-bearing performance. To design composite structures that have multiple structural properties, a new multi-scale topology optimization method considering multiple structural performances is proposed in this paper. Based on the fitting functions of the result set and the bisection method, a new method to determine the weight coefficient is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Simulations on Failure Behaviors of Granular Materials with Microstructures Using a Micromechanics-Based Cosserat Elastoplastic Model

    Chenxi Xiu1,2,*, Xihua Chu2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2305-2338, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030194

    Abstract This paper presents a micromechanics-based Cosserat continuum model for microstructured granular materials. By utilizing this model, the macroscopic constitutive parameters of granular materials with different microstructures are expressed as sums of microstructural information. The microstructures under consideration can be classified into three categories: a medium-dense microstructure, a dense microstructure consisting of one-sized particles, and a dense microstructure consisting of two-sized particles. Subsequently, the Cosserat elastoplastic model, along with its finite element formulation, is derived using the extended Drucker-Prager yield criteria. To investigate failure behaviors, numerical simulations of granular materials with different microstructures are conducted using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF METAL-PLASTIC COMPOSITE HEAT RADIATOR WITH HEMISPHERICAL MICROSTRUCTURE ARRAY

    Hui Jianga,b, Daming Wua,b,c, Jian Zhuanga,b,*, Ying Liua,b,c, Changqing Huanga,b

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.6, pp. 1-6, 2015, DOI:10.5098/hmt.6.14

    Abstract A new type of metal-plastic composite heat radiator with hemispherical microstructure array was proposed in this paper. The influence of the geometrical parameters of the microstructure array, including size of the hemisphere, configuration of hemisphere, tilt angle of the radiator, thermal conductivity and radiation emissivity of the plastic, on the process of heat transfer under natural convection were numerically simulated. It was concluded that the metal-plastic composite heat radiator with hemispherical microstructure array had comparable heat transfer behaviors with those of metal heat radiator. So it is possible to replace metal heat radiator by such More >

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