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  • Open Access


    Antimicrobial Materials: New Strategies to Tackle Various Pandemics

    Samarjeet Singh Siwal1,2, Qibo Zhang1,3,*, Adesh Kumar Saini4, Vijay Kumar Thakur5,6,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.12, pp. 1543-1563, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.014597

    Abstract Coronaviruses are responsible for a developing budgetary, human and fatality trouble, as the causative factor of infections, for example, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It has been well recognized that SARS-CoV-2 may survive under severe atmosphere circumstances. Hence, efficient containment approaches, for example, sanitizing, are crucial. Commonly, living compounds contribute a substance of chemical heterogeneity, with antiviral movement, and therefore can have efficacy as therapeutic tools toward coronavirus diseases. Here, in this review article, we have described the antimicrobialbased materials, which can be used to inhibit the spreading of the COVID-19. We have categorized these materials in three… More >

  • Open Access


    Self-Management of Low Back Pain Using Neural Network

    Purushottam Sharma1, Mohammed Alshehri2,*, Richa Sharma1, Osama Alfarraj3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 885-901, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012251

    Abstract Low back pain (LBP) is a morbid condition that has afflicted several citizens in Europe. It has negatively impacted the European economy due to several man-days lost, with bed rest and forced inactivity being the usual LBP care and management steps. Direct models, which incorporate various regression analyses, have been executed for the investigation of this premise due to the simplicity of translation. However, such straight models fail to completely consider the impact of association brought about by a mix of nonlinear connections and autonomous factors.In this paper, we discuss a system that aids decision-making regarding the best-suited support system… More >

  • Open Access


    A 360-Degree Panoramic Image Inpainting Network Using a Cube Map

    Seo Woo Han, Doug Young Suh*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.1, pp. 213-228, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012223

    Abstract Inpainting has been continuously studied in the field of computer vision. As artificial intelligence technology developed, deep learning technology was introduced in inpainting research, helping to improve performance. Currently, the input target of an inpainting algorithm using deep learning has been studied from a single image to a video. However, deep learning-based inpainting technology for panoramic images has not been actively studied. We propose a 360-degree panoramic image inpainting method using generative adversarial networks (GANs). The proposed network inputs a 360-degree equirectangular format panoramic image converts it into a cube map format, which has relatively little distortion and uses it… More >

  • Open Access


    Emotion-Based Painting Image Display System

    Taemin Lee1, Dongwann Kang2, Kyunghyun Yoon1, Sanghyun Seo3,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.26, No.1, pp. 181-192, 2020, DOI:10.31209/2019.100000139

    Abstract As mobile devices have tremendously developed, people can now get sensor data easily. These data are not only physical data such as temperature, humidity, gravity, acceleration, etc. but also human health data such as blood pressure, heart pulse rate, etc. With this information, Internet of Things (IoT) technology has provided many systems to support human health care. Systems for human health care support physical health care like checking blood pressure, pulse rate, etc. However, the demand for physical health care as well as mental health care is increasing. So, a system, which automatically recommends a painting to users based on… More >

  • Open Access


    Data Driven Modelling of Coronavirus Spread in Spain

    G. N. Baltas1, *, F. A. Prieto1, M. Frantzi2, C. R. Garcia-Alonso1, P. Rodriguez1, 3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.64, No.3, pp. 1343-1357, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.011243

    Abstract During the late months of last year, a novel coronavirus was detected in Hubei, China. The virus, since then, has spread all across the globe forcing Word Health Organization (WHO) to declare COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. In Spain, the virus started infecting the country slowly until rapid growth of infected people occurred in Madrid, Barcelona and other major cities. The government in an attempt to stop the rapssid spread of the virus and ensure that health system will not reach its capacity, implement strict measures by putting the entire country in quarantine. The duration of these measures, depends on the… More >

  • Open Access


    Factors Associated with Quality of Life of Psychiatric Outpatients with Chronic Pain in South Korea

    Eun-Joo Choi1, So Yeon Yoo2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.22, No.2, pp. 93-104, 2020, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2020.011059

    Abstract Chronic pain has a high prevalence rate and is difficult to treat because it is associated with personality, socio-psychological problems as well as physical pain, and thereby degrades one’s quality of life. This study aimed to determine whether psychosocial factors are associated with quality of life among outpatients with chronic pain. The subjects were selected from patients with chronic pain who were receiving outpatient treatment at the mental health department of a university hospital in Seoul, Korea. The participants were 100 patients and the data were collected using structured questionnaires. Patients’ quality of life was significantly positively correlated with pain… More >

  • Open Access


    Development of quality metrics for ambulatory pediatric cardiology: Chest pain

    Jimmy C. Lu1, Manish Bansal2, Sarina K. Behera3, Jeffrey R. Boris4, Brian Cardis5, John S. Hokanson6, Bahram Kakavand7, Roy Jedeikin8

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.12, No.6, pp. 751-755, 2017, DOI:10.1111/chd.12509

    Abstract Objective: As part of the American College of Cardiology Adult Congenital and Pediatric Cardiology Section effort to develop quality metrics (QMs) for ambulatory pediatric practice, the chest pain subcommittee aimed to develop QMs for evaluation of chest pain.
    Design: A group of 8 pediatric cardiologists formulated candidate QMs in the areas of history, physical examination, and testing. Consensus candidate QMs were submitted to an expert panel for scoring by the RAND-UCLA modified Delphi process. Recommended QMs were then available for open comments from all members.
    Patients: These QMs are intended for use in patients 5–18 years old, referred for initial… More >

  • Open Access


    The utility of combined cardiopulmonary exercise stress testing in the evaluation of pediatric patients with chest pain

    Soham Dasgupta1, Megan Stark2, Sonal Bhatt3, Peter Fischbach1, Shriprasad Deshpande1

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.13, No.6, pp. 1058-1063, 2018, DOI:10.1111/chd.12681

    Abstract Introduction: A cardiac cause is an extremely rare etiology of pediatric chest pain. Despite its low sensitivity/specificity, exercise stress testing (EST) is widely used to determine the prognosis in patients with suspected/established coronary disease. We aimed to look at the utility of a combined cardiopulmonary EST in the evaluation of pediatric patients with chest pain.
    Methods: After institutional review board approval, a retrospective chart review was performed of all pediatric patients who were referred for an EST for chest pain from January 2014 to 2017. Patients with incomplete records, severe congenital heart disease, and a prior EST were excluded.
    Results:More >

  • Open Access


    Resource reduction in pediatric chest pain: Standardized clinical assessment and management plan

    Susan F. Saleeb1, Sarah R. McLaughlin2, Dionne A. Graham2, Kevin G. Friedman1, David R. Fulton1

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.13, No.1, pp. 46-51, 2018, DOI:10.1111/chd.12539

    Abstract Objective: Using a Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plan (SCAMP) for pediatric patients presenting to clinic with chest pain, we evaluated the cost impact associated with implementation of the care algorithm. Prior to introduction of the SCAMP, we analyzed charges for 406 patients with chest pain, seen in 2009, and predicted 21% reduction of overall charges had the SCAMP methodology been used. The SCAMP recommended an echocardiogram for history, examination, or ECG findings suggestive of a cardiac etiology for chest pain.
    Design: Resource utilization was reviewed for 1517 patients (7-21 years) enrolled in the SCAMP from July 2010 to April… More >

  • Open Access


    New Applications for Cryotherapy

    Rafi Mazor1,*, Meital Mazor2, Ali E. Dabiri2,3, Bhavesh Patel2, Ghassan S. Kassab2

    Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, Vol.17, No.2, pp. 93-99, 2020, DOI: 10.32604/mcb.2019.08267

    Abstract Cryotherapy, or more commonly known as cold therapy, is the use of low temperatures in medical treatment. The most prominent use of cryotherapy is for cryosurgery where application of very low temperatures is used to ablate diseased tissue (e.g., most commonly in dermatology). Recent research, however, shows that low temperature may modulate collagen fibers beyond the already known effects of extreme cooling on joint pain relieve and inflammation. The goal of this brief review is to outline the known effects of extreme cooling on molecular, fiber and cell physiology and to leverage these properties in various potential medical applications. Specially,… More >

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