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  • Open Access


    Psychological and Emotional Responses during Different Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic Based on a Survey of a Mental Health Hotline

    Shuna Peng1, Xiaohong Luo1, Shiyu Liang1, Fengning Deng1, Yuning Liu2, Hong Zeng1,*, Xuesong Yang3,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.5, pp. 711-724, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.020556

    Abstract Background: The coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak in 2019 triggered psychological and emotional responses. This research investigates the psychological status and emotional problems of those who sought psychological assistance during the epidemic period by calling a mental health hotline. Methods: This study aims to combine qualitative and quantitative research. Descriptive analysis was used for undertaking qualitative research. We analyzed the data from group 1 (n = 706), in which the people used the mental health hotline from 25 January 2020 to 23 June 2020. A self-designed questionnaire was developed in accordance with the classification and summarized items from group 1’s psychological problems… More >

  • Open Access


    Physical exercise, Sedentary Behaviour, Sleep and Depression Symptoms in Chinese Young Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Compositional Isotemporal Analysis

    Jianjun Su1, Enxiu Wei1, Cain Clark2, Kaixin Liang3, Xiaojiao Sun4,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.5, pp. 759-769, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.020152

    Abstract Numerous studies links movement activity (e.g., physical activity, sedentary behavior [SB], and sleep) with mental health or illness indicators during the COVID-19 pandemic; however, research has typically examined time-use behaviors independently, rather than considering daily activity as a 24-hour time-use composition. This cross-sectional study aimed to use compositional isotemporal analysis to estimate the association between reallocation of time-use behaviors and depression symptoms in young adults in China. Participants (n = 1475; 68.0% of female; 20.7 [1.60] years) reported their time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), light physical activity (LPA), SB, and sleep. Replacing SB with sleep, LPA,… More >

  • Open Access


    Mindfulness Intervention on Adolescents’ Emotional Intelligence and Psychological Capital during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Aibao Zhou1, Yue Yuan1,*, Manying Kang2

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.5, pp. 665-677, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.019623

    Abstract Background: Since the outbreak of COVID-19 caused adults suffer from mental disorders, it would be an essential for psychologist to help individuals overcome mental disorders. Objective: This study aim to explore whether the intervention of mindfulness is an efficient method to enhance adolescents’ emotional intelligence (EI) and psychological capital (PC) to provide a theoretical basis and future directions for both targeted crisis intervention and psychological trauma recovery plans. Design: This research was designed as randomized controlled trial and total of 798 students were evaluated statistically. Methods: We used paired-sample t-tests and repeated measures ANOVA to compare every factor defined above… More >

  • Open Access


    Depression, Anxiety, and Behavioural Changes during the COVID-19 Pandemic among Medical and Nursing Students

    Siti Roshaidai Mohd Arifin1,*, Siti Mardhiah Saiful Azmi2, Khadijah Hasanah Abang Abdullah3, Nurul Ain Hidayah Abas4, Rohayah Husain5, Edre M. Aidid6, Karimah Hanim Abd Aziz6, Ramli Musa7, Fathima Begum Syed Mohideen3, Asma Perveen4, Khairi Che Mat5, Izazol Idris8

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.5, pp. 749-757, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.020972

    Abstract During the COVID-19 pandemic, medical and nursing students are faced with various challenges such as the need to attend online classes and juggling clinical postings under the new norm. This study aimed to assess the association between depression, anxiety, and behavioural changes among medical and nursing students during the COVID-19 pandemic. An online self-administered questionnaire was distributed between March 2021 and July 2021 to 292 undergraduates medical and nursing students in a higher education institute on the East Coast of Malaysia. The questionnaires consisted of four parts: sociodemographic data, the Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and questions related… More >

  • Open Access


    An Intelligent Cluster Verification Model Using WSN to Avoid Close Proximity and Control Outbreak of Pandemic in a Massive Crowd

    Naeem Ahmed Nawaz1, Norah Saleh Alghamdi2,*, Hanen Karamti2, Mohammad Ayoub Khan3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.133, No.2, pp. 327-350, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.020791

    Abstract Assemblage at public places for religious or sports events has become an integral part of our lives. These gatherings pose a challenge at places where fast crowd verification with social distancing (SD) is required, especially during a pandemic. Presently, verification of crowds is carried out in the form of a queue that increases waiting time resulting in congestion, stampede, and the spread of diseases. This article proposes a cluster verification model (CVM) using a wireless sensor network (WSN), single cluster approach (SCA), and split cluster approach (SpCA) to solve the aforementioned problem for pandemic cases. We show that SD, cluster… More >

  • Open Access


    Identification of SARS-CoV-2 by gold nanoparticles


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.11, pp. 2369-2380, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.021059

    Abstract The SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks highlighted the need for effective, reliable, fast, easy-to-do and cheap diagnostics procedures. We pragmatically experienced that an early positive-case detection, inevitably coupled with a mass vaccination campaign, is a milestone to control the COVID-19 pandemic. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can indeed play a crucial role in this context, as their physicochemical, optics and electronics properties are being extensively used in photothermal therapy (PTT), radiation therapy (RT), drug delivery and diagnostic. AuNPs can be synthesized by several approaches to obtain different sizes and shapes that can be easily functionalized with many kinds of molecules such as antibodies, proteins, probes,… More >

  • Open Access


    Adults with Congenital Heart Disease during the COVID-19 Era: One-Year Tertiary Center Experience

    Fatma A. Taha1,2,*, Osama Amoudi1, Fareed Alnozha1, Reda Abuelatta1

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 399-419, 2022, DOI:10.32604/chd.2022.020174

    Abstract Background: Adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD) might be at high risk of Coronavirus disease- 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to report on a one-year tertiary center experience regards COVID-19 infection in ACHD patients. Methods: This is a one-year (March-2020 to March-2021) tertiary-center retrospective study that enrolled all ACHD patients; COVID-19 positive patients’ medical records, and management were reported. Results: We recorded 542 patients, 205 (37.8%) COVID-19-positive, and 337 (62.2%) COVID-19-negative patients. Palliated single ventricle and Eisenmenger syndrome patients were more vulnerable to COVID-19 infection (P < 0.05*). Cardiovascular COVID-19 complications were arrhythmias in 47 (22.9%) patients, heart failure… More >

  • Open Access


    A Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization to Forecast Implied Volatility Risk

    Kais Tissaoui1,2,*, Sahbi Boubaker3,4, Waleed Saud Alghassab1, Taha Zaghdoudi1,5, Jamel Azibi6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 4291-4309, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.028830

    Abstract The application of optimization methods to prediction issues is a continually exploring field. In line with this, this paper investigates the connectedness between the infected cases of COVID-19 and US fear index from a forecasting perspective. The complex characteristics of implied volatility risk index such as non-linearity structure, time-varying and non-stationarity motivate us to apply a nonlinear polynomial Hammerstein model with known structure and unknown parameters. We use the Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization (HPSO) tool to identify the model parameters of nonlinear polynomial Hammerstein model. Findings indicate that, following a nonlinear polynomial behaviour cascaded to an autoregressive with exogenous input… More >

  • Open Access


    A Unified Decision-Making Technique for Analysing Treatments in Pandemic Context

    Fawaz Alsolami1, Abdullah Saad Al-Malaise Alghamdi2, Asif Irshad Khan1,*, Yoosef B. Abushark1, Abdulmohsen Almalawi1, Farrukh Saleem2, Alka Agrawal3, Rajeev Kumar4, Raees Ahmad Khan3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 2591-2618, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025703

    Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a global humanitarian disaster that has never been seen before. Medical experts, on the other hand, are undecided on the most valuable treatments of therapy because people ill with this infection exhibit a wide range of illness indications at different phases of infection. Further, this project aims to undertake an experimental investigation to determine which treatments for COVID-19 disease is the most effective and preferable. The research analysis is based on vast data gathered from professionals and research journals, making this study a comprehensive reference. To solve this challenging task, the researchers used the HF… More >

  • Open Access


    Prevalence and Factors Associated with Depression, Anxiety and Stress in IBD Patients Undergoing Intravenous Biological Therapy during the COVID-19 Pandemic-Montenegro Experience

    Brigita Smolović1,2, Marija Đurović1, Miloš Lukić1, Marija Abramović2,3, Damir Muhović1,2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 551-564, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.020347

    Abstract Throughout its duration, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been affecting lives worldwide and has had a sizeable impact on mental health, particularly for those who already suffer from a chronic illnesses. Depression, Anxiety and Stress (DAS) are common psychiatric comorbidities in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. This study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors for moderate and severe symptoms of DAS in IBD patients have been undergoing intravenous biological therapy (IvBTh) during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study was conducted between September 1st and November 30th, 2020 at the Clinical Center of Montenegro-IBD unit, where all patients… More >

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