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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigating Load Regulation Characteristics of a Wind-PV-Coal Storage Multi-Power Generation System

    Zhongping Liu1, Enhui Sun2,*, Jiahao Shi2, Lei Zhang2, Qi Wang1, Jiali Dong1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 913-932, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043973

    Abstract There is a growing need to explore the potential of coal-fired power plants (CFPPs) to enhance the utilization rate of wind power (wind) and photovoltaic power (PV) in the green energy field. This study developed a load regulation model for a multi-power generation system comprising wind, PV, and coal energy storage using real-world data. The power supply process was divided into eight fundamental load regulation scenarios, elucidating the influence of each scenario on load regulation. Within the framework of the multi-power generation system with the wind (50 MW) and PV (50 MW) alongside a CFPP (330 MW), a lithium-iron phosphate… More > Graphic Abstract

    Investigating Load Regulation Characteristics of a Wind-PV-Coal Storage Multi-Power Generation System

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis and Modeling of Time Output Characteristics for Distributed Photovoltaic and Energy Storage

    Kaicheng Liu1,3,*, Chen Liang2, Xiaoyang Dong2, Liping Liu1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 933-949, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043658

    Abstract Due to the unpredictable output characteristics of distributed photovoltaics, their integration into the grid can lead to voltage fluctuations within the regional power grid. Therefore, the development of spatial-temporal coordination and optimization control methods for distributed photovoltaics and energy storage systems is of utmost importance in various scenarios. This paper approaches the issue from the perspective of spatiotemporal forecasting of distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation and proposes a Temporal Convolutional-Long Short-Term Memory prediction model that combines Temporal Convolutional Networks (TCN) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM). To begin with, an analysis of the spatiotemporal distribution patterns of PV generation is conducted, and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on the MPPT of Photovoltaic Power Generation Based on Improved WOA and P&O under Partial Shading Conditions

    Jian Zhong, Lei Zhang*, Ling Qin

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 951-971, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.041433

    Abstract Partial shading conditions (PSCs) caused by uneven illumination become one of the most common problems in photovoltaic (PV) systems, which can make the PV power-voltage (P-V) characteristics curve show multi-peaks. Traditional maximum power point tracking (MPPT) methods have shortcomings in tracking to the global maximum power point (GMPP), resulting in a dramatic decrease in output power. In order to solve the above problems, intelligent algorithms are used in MPPT. However, the existing intelligent algorithms have some disadvantages, such as slow convergence speed and large search oscillation. Therefore, an improved whale algorithm (IWOA) combined with the P&O (IWOA-P&O) is proposed for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Peak Shaving Strategy of Concentrating Solar Power Generation Based on Multi-Time-Scale and Considering Demand Response

    Lei Fang*, Haiying Dong, Xiaofei Zhen, Shuaibing Li

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.3, pp. 661-679, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029823

    Abstract According to the multi-time-scale characteristics of power generation and demand-side response (DR) resources, as well as the improvement of prediction accuracy along with the approaching operating point, a rolling peak shaving optimization model consisting of three different time scales has been proposed. The proposed peak shaving optimization model considers not only the generation resources of two different response speeds but also the two different DR resources and determines each unit combination, generation power, and demand response strategy on different time scales so as to participate in the peaking of the power system by taking full advantage of the fast response… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Temporary Frequency Response Strategy Using a Voltage Source-Based Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator and Energy Storage Systems

    Baogang Chen1, Fenglin Miao2,*, Jing Yang1, Chen Qi2, Wenyan Ji1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 541-555, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.028327

    Abstract Energy storage systems (ESS) and permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG) are speculated to be able to exhibit frequency regulation capabilities by adding differential and proportional control loops with different control objectives. The available PMSG kinetic energy and charging/discharging capacities of the ESS were restricted. To improve the inertia response and frequency control capability, we propose a short-term frequency support strategy for the ESS and PMSG. To this end, the weights were embedded in the control loops to adjust the participation of the differential and proportional controls based on the system frequency excursion. The effectiveness of the proposed control strategy was… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental Study on the Performance of ORC System Based on Ultra-Low Temperature Heat Sources

    Tianyu Zhou1, Liang Hao1, Xin Xu2,3, Meng Si2,3, Lian Zhang2,3,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 145-168, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042798

    Abstract This paper discussed the experimental results of the performance of an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) system with an ultra-low temperature heat source. The low boiling point working medium R134a was adopted in the system. The simulated heat source temperature (SHST) in this work was set from 39.51°C to 48.60°C by the simulated heat source module. The influence of load percentage of simulated heat source (LPSHS) between 50% and 70%, the rotary valve opening (RVO) between 20% and 100%, the resistive load between 36 Ω and 180 Ω or the no-load of the generator, as well as the autumn and winter… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Non-Isolated Cubic DC-DC Converter with High Voltage Gain for Renewable Energy Power Generation System

    Qin Yao, Yida Zeng*, Qingui Jia

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 221-241, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.041028

    Abstract In recent years, switched inductor (SL) technology, switched capacitor (SC) technology, and switched inductor-capacitor (SL-SC) technology have been widely applied to optimize and improve DC-DC boost converters, which can effectively enhance voltage gain and reduce device stress. To address the issue of low output voltage in current renewable energy power generation systems, this study proposes a novel non-isolated cubic high-gain DC-DC converter based on the traditional quadratic DC-DC boost converter by incorporating a SC and a SL-SC unit. Firstly, the proposed converter’s details are elaborated, including its topology structure, operating mode, voltage gain, device stress, and power loss. Subsequently, a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Techno-Economical Characterization of Solar PV Power Generation in Rwanda: The Role of Subsidies and Incentives

    Morris Kayitare1,2,*, Gace Athanase Dalson2,3, Al-Mas Sendegeyad4

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.9, pp. 2155-2175, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.028559

    Abstract Standalone Solar PV systems have been vital in the improvement of access to energy in many countries. However, given the large cost of solar PV plants’ components, in developing countries, there is a dear need for such components to be subsidised and incentivised for the consumers to afford the produced energy. Moreover, there is a need for optimal sizing of the solar PV plants taking into account the solar information, energy requirement for various activities, and economic conditions in the off-grid regions in Rwanda. This study aims to develop optimally sized solar PV plants suited to rural communities in Rwanda.… More > Graphic Abstract

    A Techno-Economical Characterization of Solar PV Power Generation in Rwanda: The Role of Subsidies and Incentives

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    PSO-BP-Based Optimal Allocation Model for Complementary Generation Capacity of the Photovoltaic Power Station

    Zhenfang Liu*, Haibo Liu, Dongmei Zhang

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.7, pp. 1717-1727, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.027968

    Abstract To improve the operation efficiency of the photovoltaic power station complementary power generation system, an optimal allocation model of the photovoltaic power station complementary power generation capacity based on PSO-BP is proposed. Particle Swarm Optimization and BP neural network are used to establish the forecasting model, the Markov chain model is used to correct the forecasting error of the model, and the weighted fitting method is used to forecast the annual load curve, to complete the optimal allocation of complementary generating capacity of photovoltaic power stations. The experimental results show that this method reduces the average loss of photovoltaic output… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Coordinated Development and Optimization of Distribution Networks at All Levels in Distributed Power Energy Engineering

    Zhuohan Jiang1, Jingyi Tu1, Shuncheng Liu1, Jian Peng1, Guang Ouyang2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.7, pp. 1655-1666, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.026981

    Abstract The uncertainty of distributed generation energy has dramatically challenged the coordinated development of distribution networks at all levels. This paper focuses on the multi-time-scale regulation model of distributed generation energy under normal conditions. The simulation results of the example verify the self-optimization characteristics and the effectiveness of real-time dispatching of the distribution network control technology at all levels under multiple time scales. More >

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