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Search Results (18)
  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Crossroads: Pathogenic role and therapeutic targets of neutrophil extracellular traps in rheumatoid arthritis

    YANG LI1,2, JIAN LIU1,3,*, YUEDI HU1,2, CHENGZHI CONG1,2, YIMING CHEN1,2, QIAO ZHOU1,2

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 9-19, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.045862

    Abstract Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a prevalent autoimmune disease whose main features include chronic synovial inflammation, bone destruction, and joint degeneration. Neutrophils are often considered to be the first responders to inflammation and are a key presence in the inflammatory milieu of RA. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), a meshwork of DNA-histone complexes and proteins released by activated neutrophils, are widely involved in the pathophysiology of autoimmune diseases, especially RA, in addition to playing a key role in the neutrophil innate immune response. NETs have been found to be an important source of citrullinated autoantigen antibodies and inflammatory factor release, which can… More > Graphic Abstract

    Crossroads: Pathogenic role and therapeutic targets of neutrophil extracellular traps in rheumatoid arthritis

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    New insight into the role of exosomes in idiopathic membrane nephropathy

    JIANHONG LIU1,#, KAI HE2,#, HAN WANG3,#, XIAOHONG CHENG1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 21-32, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.045631

    Abstract Exosomes, nanoscale extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from the invagination of the endosomal membrane, are secreted by a majority of cell types. As carriers of DNA, mRNA, proteins, and microRNAs, exosomes are implicated in regulating biological activities under physiological and pathological conditions. Kidney-derived exosomes, which vary in origin and function, may either contribute to the pathogenesis of disease or represent a potential therapeutic resource. Membranous nephropathy (MN), an autoimmune kidney disease characterized by glomerular damage, is a predominant cause of nephrotic syndrome. Notably, MN, especially idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN), often results in end-stage renal disease (ESRD), affecting approximately 30% of patients… More > Graphic Abstract

    New insight into the role of exosomes in idiopathic membrane nephropathy

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Systematic analysis of DNA polymerases as therapeutic targets in pan-cancers

    ZHENHUA LI1, HUILAI LV1, FAN ZHANG1, ZIMING ZHU2, QIANG GUO3, MINGBO WANG1, CHAO HUANG1, LIJUAN CHEN4, WENPAN ZHANG4, YUN LI5,*, ZIQIANG TIAN1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 123-138, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.031568

    Abstract Introduction: DNA polymerases are crucial for maintaining genome stability and influencing tumorigenesis. However, the clinical implications of DNA polymerases in tumorigenesis and their potential as anti-cancer therapy targets are not well understood. Methods: We conducted a systematic analysis using TCGA Pan-Cancer Atlas data and Gene Set Cancer Analysis results to examine the expression profiles of 15 DNA polymerases (POLYs) and their clinical correlations. We also evaluated the prognostic value of POLYs by analyzing their expression levels in relation to overall survival time (OS) using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Additionally, we investigated the correlations between POLY expression and immune cells, DNA damage… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    High density lipoprotein as a therapeutic target: Focus on its functionality

    LEONARDO GóMEZ ROSSO, BELéN DAVICO, EZEQUIEL LOZANO CHIAPPE, WALTER TETZLAFF, LAURA BOERO, FERNANDO BRITES, MAXIMILIANO MARTíN*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2361-2383, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.031063

    Abstract Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death globally. CVDs are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and rheumatic heart disease among other conditions. There are multiple independent risk factors for CVD, including hypertension, age, smoking, insulin resistance, elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, and triglyceride levels. LDL-C levels have traditionally been the target for therapies aimed at reducing CVD risk. High density lipoprotein (HDL) constitutes the only lipoprotein fraction with atheroprotective functions. Early HDL-targeted therapies have focused on increasing HDL-C levels. However, clinical trials have shown that… More > Graphic Abstract

    High density lipoprotein as a therapeutic target: Focus on its functionality

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    SMC1A served as a potential therapeutic target to regulate malignant phenotypes of cervical cancer

    WEILAN LIU, XIAOYAN DUAN, KAIYUN QIN, YAN JIANG, CAIFU ZHAO, CONGWEI DAI*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2471-2484, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.029617

    Abstract Introduction: Structural maintenance of chromosome 1A (SMC1A) is a crucial compound of the cohesin complex. It has been reported to regulate the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in multiple cancers. Objectives: The present study aims to further clarify the role of SMC1A in cervical cancer. Methods: We analyzed data from four datasets and confirmed that SMC1A showed high expression in cervical cancer samples and was related to poor prognosis of patients with cervical cancer. Cell proliferation of SiHa and C-33A with knockdown of SMC1A was assessed using CCK-8 and colony formation assay. The migration and invasion were estimated by wound healing… More > Graphic Abstract

    SMC1A served as a potential therapeutic target to regulate malignant phenotypes of cervical cancer

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of lncRNAs associated with T cells as potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets in lung adenocarcinoma

    LU SUN1,2, HUAICHENG TAN1, TING YU3, RUICHAO LIANG4,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.6, pp. 967-988, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.042309

    Abstract Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common and deadliest subtype of lung cancer. To select more targeted and effective treatments for individuals, further advances in classifying LUAD are urgently needed. The number, type, and function of T cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) determine the progression and treatment response of LUAD. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), may regulate T cell differentiation, development, and activation. Thus, our aim was to identify T cell-related lncRNAs (T cell-Lncs) in LUAD and to investigate whether T cell-Lncs could serve as potential stratifiers and therapeutic targets. Seven T cell-Lncs were identified to further establish the T… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Proteomics analysis provides novel biomarkers and therapeutic target candidates in the treatment of the Huang-Pu-Tong-Qiao formula in an AD rat model

    QIAN CHEN1,#, XIN LEI1,#, GUANHUA HU1,#, YAN WANG2, ZHENGQING FANG1, GUOQUAN WANG1, HANG SONG1, SHU YE1,*, BIAO CAI1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.6, pp. 1265-1277, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.028811

    Abstract Background: Huang-Pu-Tong-Qiao formula (HPTQ), a traditional Chinese herbal formula, has a variety of pharmacological effects. It has been used to treat Alzheimer’s disease (AD) for decades. This study aimed to screen differentially expressed proteins in the hippocampus of AD model rats treated with HPTQ. Proteomic studies of the effects of HPTQ on AD are key to understanding the therapeutic mechanisms of HPTQ and identifying potential therapeutic targets. Methods: We hence used the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (ITRAQ) approach to investigate the differentially expressed proteins in the hippocampus of AD model rats before and after HPTQ administration and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Therapeutic targets and signal transduction mechanisms of medicinal plant formula Gancao Xiexin decoction against ulcerative colitis: A network pharmacological study

    CHENHAO SHI1, MAOHONG HUA2, GUANHUA XU3,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.6, pp. 1329-1344, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.028381

    Abstract Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic disease that often presents with abdominal pain, diarrhea, hematochezia, and significant morbidity. Gancao Xiexin decoction (GXD), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been applied for the clinical treatment of UC, while its action mechanisms are unclear. Methods: The active ingredients and their targets of GXD, and UC-related targets, were derived from public databases. Protein-protein interaction, Gene Ontology (GO), and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) were used to analyze the important active compounds, key targets, and signaling pathways. Then, molecular docking and animal experiments were performed to verify the findings. A total… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comprehensively analyzing the genetic alterations, and identifying key genes in ovarian cancer

    QINGLING TANG1, WARDA ATIQ2, SHAISTA MAHNOOR2, MOSTAFA A. ABDEL-MAKSOUD3, MOHAMMED AUFY4, HAMID YAZ3,*, JIANYU ZHU5,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.2, pp. 141-156, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.028548

    Abstract Though significant improvements have been made in the treatment methods for ovarian cancer (OC), the prognosis for OC patients is still poor. Exploring hub genes associated with the development of OC and utilizing them as appropriate potential biomarkers or therapeutic targets is highly valuable. In this study, the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified from an independent GSE69428 Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset between OC and control samples. The DEGs were processed to construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network using STRING. Later, hub genes were identified through Cytohubba analysis of the Cytoscape. Expression and survival profiling of the hub genes… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Transcriptional factor RUNX1: A potential therapeutic target for fibrotic pulmonary disease

    JIA LIU1,2,#, FAPING WANG1,2,#, BO YUAN3, FENGMING LUO1,2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.4, pp. 697-705, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.026148

    Abstract Runt-related transcription factor-1 (RUNX1), also known as the core-binding factor alpha 2 subunit, is closely related to human leukemia. The functions of RUNX1 in modulating cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival in multiple systems have been gradually discovered with the emergence of transgenic mice. RUNX1 is a powerful transcription factor implicated in diverse signaling pathways and cellular mechanisms that participate in lung development and pulmonary diseases. RUNX1 has recently been identified as a target regulator of fibrotic remodeling diseases, particularly in the kidney. However, the role of RUNX1 in pulmonary fibrosis is unclear. Pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by obscure nosogenesis, limited… More >

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