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  • Open Access


    Parameters Identification of Tunnel Jointed Surrounding Rock Based on Gaussian Process Regression Optimized by Difference Evolution Algorithm

    Annan Jiang*, Xinping Guo, Shuai Zheng, Mengfei Xu

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.3, pp. 1177-1199, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014199

    Abstract Due to the geological body uncertainty, the identification of the surrounding rock parameters in the tunnel construction process is of great significance to the calculation of tunnel stability. The ubiquitous-joint model and three-dimensional numerical simulation have advantages in the parameter identification of surrounding rock with weak planes, but conventional methods have certain problems, such as a large number of parameters and large time consumption. To solve the problems, this study combines the orthogonal design, Gaussian process (GP) regression, and difference evolution (DE) optimization, and it constructs the parameters identification method of the jointed surrounding rock. The calculation process of parameters… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Analysis of Three-Layer Deep Tunnel Composite Structure

    Weiwei Sun1, Hongping Min2, Jianzhong Chen1,*, Chao Ruan2, Yanjun Zhang2, Lei Wang3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.1, pp. 223-239, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015208

    Abstract To date, with the increasing attention of countries to urban drainage system, more and more regions around the world have begun to build water conveyance tunnels, sewage pressure deep tunnels and so on. However, the sufficient bearing capacity and corrosion resistance of the structure, which can ensure the actual service life and safety of the tunnel, remain to be further improved. Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics (GFRP) pipe, with light weight, high strength and corrosion resistance, has the potential to be applied to the deep tunnel structure. This paper proposed a new composite structure of deep tunnel lined with GFRP pipe,… More >

  • Open Access


    Development of TD-BEM Formulation for Dynamic Analysis for Twin-Parallel Circular Tunnels in an Elastic Semi-Innite Medium

    Weidong Lei1, Hai Zhou1,*, Hongjun Li2, Rui Chen1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.2, pp. 577-597, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.011857

    Abstract In order to simulate the propagation process of subway vibration of parallel tunnels in semi-infinite rocks or soils, time domain boundary element method (TD-BEM) formulation for analyzing the dynamic response of twin-parallel circular tunnels in an elastic semi-infinite medium is developed in this paper. The time domain boundary integral equations of displacement and stress for the elastodynamic problem are presented based on Betti’s reciprocal work theorem, ignoring contributions from initial conditions and body forces. In the process of establishing time domain boundary integral equations, some virtual boundaries are constructed between finite boundaries and the free boundary to form a boundary… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulation of Fire-Smoke Diffusion Caused by Vehicles in a Tunnel

    Li Lei*, Wukai Chen, Huiling Li, Shuai Shi

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.16, No.5, pp. 837-856, 2020, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2020.09631

    Abstract Urban tunnels are generally narrow and fire smoke can hardly diffuse. In the present study, numerical simulation is used to analyze the diffusion of high temperature smoke produced by fire inside a specific tunnel (the Kaiyuan tunnel). The results are compared with similar data relating to other tests to determine the validity of the numerical method. Moreover, the critical velocity obtained by numerical simulation of 5 MW, 20 MW, and 50 MW fires in curved and linear sections of the considered tunnel is compared with the values obtained using empirical formulas. The results show that, for the tunnel ventilation design,… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on the Advanced Prediction Model of the Tunnel Geological Radar Based on Cluster Computing

    Meng Wei*, Ningxin Zhang, Yuan Tong, Yu Song

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.26, No.3, pp. 597-607, 2020, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2020.013938

    Abstract The traditional radar signal detection mode of the analog digital converter (ADC) has a low prediction efficiency. Therefore, the advanced prediction model of the tunnel geological radar based on the cluster computing was designed. The completeness factor of the detection radar signal was calculated by the computer cluster effect, and then the information extraction and information integration of the radar pulse for the radar detection signal was determined. Moreover, the multi-order nonlinear regression forecasting model restructured the received signal. Thus, the prediction of the radar detection signal was achieved. In order to ensure the effectiveness of the design, the simulation… More >

  • Open Access


    NARX Network Based Driver Behavior Analysis and Prediction Using Time-series Modeling

    Ling Wu1, Haoxue Liu2, Tong Zhu2, Yueqi Hu3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 633-642, 2018, DOI:10.31209/2018.100000030

    Abstract The objective of the current study was to examine how experienced and inexperienced driver behaviour changed (including heart rate and longitudinal speeds) when approaching and exiting highway tunnels. Simultaneously, the NARX neural network was used to predict real-time speed with the heart rate regarded as the input variable. The results indicated that familiarity with the experimental route did decrease drivers’ mental stress but resulted in higher speed. The proposed NARX model could predict synchronous speed with high accuracy. These results of the present study concern how to establish the automated driver model in the simulation environment. More >

  • Open Access


    Characteristics on Seawater Corrosion of Intensely Weathered Surrounding Rock of Subsea Tunnel

    Peishuai Chen1,2,3,*, Junjie Cao4, Weizhong Chen3, Weisheng Rao2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.14, No.2, pp. 147-163, 2020, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2020.07619

    Abstract Existing studies on the durability of subsea tunnel mainly focus on the concrete deterioration and steel corrosion, while there are few on the influence of mechanical properties deterioration of surrounding rock on the durability of subsea tunnel. To improve the accuracy of long-term stability prediction, seawater corrosion tests of intensely weathered surrounding rock of subsea tunnel are carried out. In this study, the strength characteristics of remolded samples of intensely weathered granite under different seawater concentrations are investigated, the strength attenuation equation under seawater corrosion is established, and the chemical damage evolution equation and model parameters are formulated, The findings… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparison of extracardiac conduit and lateral tunnel for functional single-ventricle patients: A meta-analysis

    Zhiyong Lin, Hanwei Ge, Jiyang Xue, Guowei Wu, Jie Du, Xingti Hu, Qifeng Zhao

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.12, No.6, pp. 711-720, 2017, DOI:10.1111/chd.12503

    Abstract Objective: This study aims to assess and compare the early and long-term effects of extracardiac conduit (EC) and lateral tunnel (LT) in patients with a functional single ventricle through metaanalysis.
    Design: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, CBM, and WanFang databases for papers that were published until August 1, 2016. Cochrane systematic review method was used for paper screening and information retrieve, and RevMan 5.3 software was applied for the meta-analysis.
    Results: Data for 10 studies with a total of 3814 patients were retrieved. The advantages of EC comparing to LT include: lower 30… More >

  • Open Access


    Progressive loss of bone mass in children with Fontan circulation

    Simone Goa Diab1, Kristin Godang2, Lil‐Sofie Ording Müller3, Runar Almaas4, Charlotte de Lange3, Leif Brunvand1, Kari Margrethe Hansen1, Anne Grethe Myhre5, Gaute Døhlen1, Erik Thaulow1,6, Jens Bollerslev2,6, Thomas Möller1

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.14, No.6, pp. 996-1004, 2019, DOI:10.1111/chd.12848

    Abstract Objective: We investigated bone mineral density (BMD) at different ages after the Fontan completion, and we evaluated the relationship between BMD, vitamin D levels, and pertinent patient variables.
    Methods: A cross‐sectional sample of 64 patients was examined with dual‐energy X‐ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans to determine BMD. Of these patients, 24 were also examined with BoneXpert software to determine bone mass density (BMX), expressed as the bone health index (BHI). Blood samples from all patients were analyzed. Patients were divided into three different age groups; A: 4‐9 years old (n = 22), B: 10‐15 years old (n = 21), and C:… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparison between the Seismic Performance of Buried Pipes and Pipes in a Utility Tunnel

    Wei Liu1, 2, *, Qianxiang Wu2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.123, No.2, pp. 661-690, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.07764

    Abstract A utility tunnel system consists of pipes and ancillary facilities. In this paper, a finite element model of a concrete utility tunnel with pipes inside is established. Several tunnel segments were built to simulate a real utility tunnel, while the pipe was fixed by springs on the brackets in the utility tunnel. Using the discrete soil spring element to simulate the soil-structure interaction, actual earthquake records were adopted as excitation to analyze the seismic responses of pipes in a utility tunnel. Moreover, the influences of different parameters, including soil type, earthquake records, and field apparent wave velocity on the seismic… More >

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