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  • Open Access


    Study on the Influence of Setting Parameters of Tunnel Centralized Smoke Extraction System on Fire Smoke Flow and Temperature Decay

    Zhisheng Xu*, Sohail Mahmood, Zihan Yu

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.3, pp. 791-816, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.051058

    Abstract The centralized smoke exhaust system of shield tunnel is an important determinant for tunnel fire safety, and the use of different design parameters of the tunnel smoke exhaust system will affect the smoke exhaust effect in the tunnel, and the influence of different design parameters on the smoke exhaust effect and temperature attenuation of the tunnel can help engineers in designing a more effective centralized smoke exhaust system for the tunnel. In this paper, the Fire Dynamic Simulator (FDS) is utilized to examine smoke exhaust vent settings for a centralized exhaust system in shield tunnel… More >

  • Open Access


    Automatic Road Tunnel Crack Inspection Based on Crack Area Sensing and Multiscale Semantic Segmentation

    Dingping Chen1, Zhiheng Zhu2, Jinyang Fu1,3, Jilin He1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1679-1703, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049048

    Abstract The detection of crack defects on the walls of road tunnels is a crucial step in the process of ensuring travel safety and performing routine tunnel maintenance. The automatic and accurate detection of cracks on the surface of road tunnels is the key to improving the maintenance efficiency of road tunnels. Machine vision technology combined with a deep neural network model is an effective means to realize the localization and identification of crack defects on the surface of road tunnels. We propose a complete set of automatic inspection methods for identifying cracks on the walls… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic Response of Foundations during Startup of High-Frequency Tunnel Equipment

    Dawei Ruan1, Mingwei Hu1,2,3,4,5,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 821-844, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048392

    Abstract The specialized equipment utilized in long-line tunnel engineering is evolving towards large-scale, multifunctional, and complex orientations. The vibration caused by the high-frequency units during regular operation is supported by the foundation of the units, and the magnitude of vibration and the operating frequency fluctuate in different engineering contexts, leading to variations in the dynamic response of the foundation. The high-frequency units yield significantly diverse outcomes under different startup conditions and times, resulting in failure to meet operational requirements, influencing the normal function of the tunnel, and causing harm to the foundation structure, personnel, and property… More >

  • Open Access


    Investigation of FRP and SFRC Technologies for Efficient Tunnel Reinforcement Using the Cohesive Zone Model

    Gang Niu1,2, Zhaoyang Jin2, Wei Zhang3,*, Yiqun Huang3

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 161-179, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.044580

    Abstract Amid urbanization and the continuous expansion of transportation networks, the necessity for tunnel construction and maintenance has become paramount. Addressing this need requires the investigation of efficient, economical, and robust tunnel reinforcement techniques. This paper explores fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) and steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) technologies, which have emerged as viable solutions for enhancing tunnel structures. FRP is celebrated for its lightweight and high-strength attributes, effectively augmenting load-bearing capacity and seismic resistance, while SFRC’s notable crack resistance and longevity potentially enhance the performance of tunnel segments. Nonetheless, current research predominantly focuses on experimental analysis,… More > Graphic Abstract

    Investigation of FRP and SFRC Technologies for Efficient Tunnel Reinforcement Using the Cohesive Zone Model

  • Open Access


    A Simplified Method for the Stress Analysis of Underground Transfer Structures Crossing Multiple Subway Tunnels

    Shen Yan1, Dajiang Geng2,*, Ning Dai3, Mingjian Long2, Zhicheng Bai2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2893-2915, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046931

    Abstract According to the design specifications, the construction of extended piles involves traversing the tunnel’s upper region and extending to the underlying rock layer. To address this challenge, a subterranean transfer structure spanning multiple subway tunnels was proposed. Deliberating on the function of piles in the transfer structure as springs with axial and bending stiffness, and taking into account the force balance and deformation coordination conditions of beams and plates within the transfer structure, we established a simplified mechanical model that incorporates soil stratification by combining it with the Winkler elastic foundation beam model. The resolved… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Analysis of ARIMA and LSTM Model-Based Anomaly Detection for Unannotated Structural Health Monitoring Data in an Immersed Tunnel

    Qing Ai1,2, Hao Tian2,3,*, Hui Wang1,*, Qing Lang1, Xingchun Huang1, Xinghong Jiang4, Qiang Jing5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1797-1827, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045251

    Abstract Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) systems have become a crucial tool for the operational management of long tunnels. For immersed tunnels exposed to both traffic loads and the effects of the marine environment, efficiently identifying abnormal conditions from the extensive unannotated SHM data presents a significant challenge. This study proposed a model-based approach for anomaly detection and conducted validation and comparative analysis of two distinct temporal predictive models using SHM data from a real immersed tunnel. Firstly, a dynamic predictive model-based anomaly detection method is proposed, which utilizes a rolling time window for modeling to achieve… More >

  • Open Access


    Assessment of the Influence of Tunnel Settlement on Operational Performance of Subway Vehicles

    Gang Niu1,2, Guangwei Zhang1, Zhaoyang Jin1, Wei Zhang3,*, Xiang Liu3

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 55-71, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.044832

    Abstract In the realm of subway shield tunnel operations, the impact of tunnel settlement on the operational performance of subway vehicles is a crucial concern. This study introduces an advanced analytical model to investigate rail geometric deformations caused by settlement within a vehicle-track-tunnel coupled system. The model integrates the geometric deformations of the track, attributed to settlement, as track irregularities. A novel “cyclic model” algorithm was employed to enhance computational efficiency without compromising on precision, a claim that was rigorously validated. The model’s capability extends to analyzing the time-history responses of vehicles traversing settlement-affected areas. The More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Simulation of Surrounding Rock Deformation and Grouting Reinforcement of Cross-Fault Tunnel under Different Excavation Methods

    Duan Zhu1,2, Zhende Zhu1,2, Cong Zhang1,2,*, Lun Dai1,2, Baotian Wang1,2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2445-2470, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030847

    Abstract Tunnel construction is susceptible to accidents such as loosening, deformation, collapse, and water inrush, especially under complex geological conditions like dense fault areas. These accidents can cause instability and damage to the tunnel. As a result, it is essential to conduct research on tunnel construction and grouting reinforcement technology in fault fracture zones to address these issues and ensure the safety of tunnel excavation projects. This study utilized the Xianglushan cross-fault tunnel to conduct a comprehensive analysis on the construction, support, and reinforcement of a tunnel crossing a fault fracture zone using the three-dimensional finite… More >

  • Open Access


    An Optimized System of Random Forest Model by Global Harmony Search with Generalized Opposition-Based Learning for Forecasting TBM Advance Rate

    Yingui Qiu1, Shuai Huang1, Danial Jahed Armaghani2, Biswajeet Pradhan3, Annan Zhou4, Jian Zhou1,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2873-2897, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029938

    Abstract As massive underground projects have become popular in dense urban cities, a problem has arisen: which model predicts the best for Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) performance in these tunneling projects? However, performance level of TBMs in complex geological conditions is still a great challenge for practitioners and researchers. On the other hand, a reliable and accurate prediction of TBM performance is essential to planning an applicable tunnel construction schedule. The performance of TBM is very difficult to estimate due to various geotechnical and geological factors and machine specifications. The previously-proposed intelligent techniques in this field… More >

  • Open Access


    Study on the Influence of the Longitudinal Position of the Fire Source on the Movement Behavior of the Asymmetric Flow Field in Tunnel Fire

    Lu He1,*, Yuhang Zhou1, Guoqing Zhu1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.08939

    Abstract The longitudinal position of the fire source is one of the key parameters affecting the flow field characteristics in a long-distance tunnel. In this paper, a series of numerical simulations were carried out to analyze the influence of the longitudinal position and the heat release rate (HRR) on the induced airflow on both sides of the fire source and the smoke movement behaviors characteristics in the long-distance tunnel. It is found that under the induction of thermal pressure, an asymmetric induced air flow is formed near the fire source, resulting in asymmetric dynamic parameters of More >

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