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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Design and Analysis of Graphene Based Tunnel Field Effect Transistor with Various Ambipolar Reducing Techniques

    Puneet Kumar Mishra1, Amrita Rai1, Nitin Sharma2, Kanika Sharma3, Nitin Mittal4, Mohd Anul Haq5,*, Ilyas Khan6, ElSayed M. Tag El Din7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 1309-1320, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033828

    Abstract The fundamental advantages of carbon-based graphene material, such as its high tunnelling probability, symmetric band structure (linear dependence of the energy band on the wave direction), low effective mass, and characteristics of its 2D atomic layers, are the main focus of this research work. The impact of channel thickness, gate under-lap, asymmetric source/drain doping method, workfunction of gate contact, and High-K material on Graphene-based Tunnel Field Effect Transistor (TFET) is analyzed with 20 nm technology. Physical modelling and electrical characteristic performance have been simulated using the Atlas device simulator of SILVACO TCAD with user-defined material More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Leaky Cable Fixture Detection in Railway Tunnel Based on RW DCGAN and Compressed GS-YOLOv5

    Suhang Li1, Yunzuo Zhang1,*, Ruixue Liu2, Jiayu Zhang1, Zhouchen Song1, Yutai Wang1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 1163-1180, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.037902

    Abstract The communication system of high-speed trains in railway tunnels needs to be built with leaky cables fixed on the tunnel wall with special fixtures. To ensure safety, checking the regular leaky cable fixture is necessary to eliminate the potential danger. At present, the existing fixture detection algorithms are difficult to take into account detection accuracy and speed at the same time. The faulty fixture is also insufficient and difficult to obtain, seriously affecting the model detection effect. To solve these problems, an innovative detection method is proposed in this paper. Firstly, we presented the Res-Net… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparison Study and Forensic Analysis between Experiment and Coupled Dynamics Simulation for Submerged Floating Tunnel Segment with Free Ends under Wave Excitations

    Woo Chul Chung1, Chungkuk Jin2,*, MooHyun Kim3, Ju-young Hwang4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.1, pp. 155-174, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026754

    Abstract This paper presents dynamic-behavior comparisons and related forensic analyses of a submerged floating tunnel (SFT) between numerical simulation and physical experiment under regular and irregular waves. The experiments are conducted in the 3D wave tank with 1:33.3 scale, and the corresponding coupled time-domain simulation tool is devised for comparison. The entire SFT system consists of a long concrete tunnel and 12 tubular aluminum mooring lines. Two numerical simulation models, the Cummins equation with 3D potential theory including second-order wave-body interaction effects and the much simpler Morison-equation-based formula with the lumped-mass-based line model, are designed and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Refined Aerodynamic Test of Wide-Bodied Aircraft and Its Application

    Dawei Liu, Zhiwei Jin, Xin Peng*, Gang Liu, Yue Zhang

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.3, pp. 2691-2713, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026048

    Abstract The large dual-channel wide-bodied aircraft has a long range and a high cruise Mach number. Therefore, its aerodynamic design requires a high level of wind tunnel test refinement. Based on the requirements of aerodynamic design for the future wide-bodied aircraft and the characteristics of high-speed wind tunnel tests, the error theory is introduced to analyze the factors affecting the accuracy of the test data. This study carries out a series of research on the improvement of refined aerodynamic test technology in an FL-26 wind tunnel, including design and optimization of the support system of wide-bodied… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Geometrically Nonlinear Flutter Analysis Based on CFD/CSD Methods and Wind Tunnel Experimental Verification

    Changrong Zhang, Hongtao Guo, Li Yu, Binbin Lv, Hongya Xia*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.2, pp. 1743-1758, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.025528

    Abstract This study presents a high-speed geometrically nonlinear flutter analysis calculation method based on the high-precision computational fluid dynamics/computational structural dynamics methods. In the proposed method, the aerodynamic simulation was conducted based on computational fluid dynamics, and the structural model was established using the nonlinear finite element model and tangential stiffness matrix. First, the equilibrium position was obtained using the nonlinear static aeroelastic iteration. Second, the structural modal under a steady aerodynamic load was extracted. Finally, the generalized displacement time curve was obtained by coupling the unsteady aerodynamics and linearized structure motion equations. Moreover, if the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Geometrically Nonlinear Flutter Analysis Based on CFD/CSD Methods and Wind Tunnel Experimental Verification

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Isogeometric Analysis of Longitudinal Displacement of a Simplified Tunnel Model Based on Elastic Foundation Beam

    Zhihui Xiong*, Lei Kou, Jinjie Zhao, Hao Cui, Bo Wang

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.1, pp. 803-824, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.024833

    Abstract Serious uneven settlement of the tunnel may directly cause safety problems. At this stage, the deformation of the tunnel is predicted and analyzed mainly by numerical simulation, while the commonly used finite element method (FEM) uses low-order continuous elements. Therefore, the accuracy of tunnel settlement prediction is not enough. In this paper, a method is proposed to study the vertical deformation of the tunnel by using the combination of isogeometric analysis (IGA) and Bézier extraction operator. Compared with the traditional IGA method, this method can be easily integrated into the existing FEM framework, and ensure… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Applications Classification of VPN Encryption Tunnel Based on SAE-2dCNN Model

    Jie Luo*, Qingbing Ji, Lvlin Ni

    Journal on Artificial Intelligence, Vol.4, No.3, pp. 133-142, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jai.2022.031800

    Abstract How to quickly and accurately identify applications in VPN encrypted tunnels is a difficult technique. Traditional technologies such as DPI can no longer identify applications in VPN encrypted tunnel. Various VPN protocols make the feature engineering of machine learning extremely difficult. Deep learning has the advantages that feature extraction does not rely on manual labor and has a good early application in classification. This article uses deep learning technology to classify the applications of VPN encryption tunnel based on the SAE-2dCNN model. SAE can effectively reduce the dimensionality of the data, which not only improves More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on Crack Propagation Parameters of Tunnel Lining Structure Based on Peridynamics

    Zhihui Xiong, Xiaohui Zhou*, Jinjie Zhao, Hao Cui, Bo Wang

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.3, pp. 2449-2478, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.023353

    Abstract The numerical simulation results utilizing the Peridynamics (PD) method reveal that the initial crack and crack propagation of the tunnel concrete lining structure agree with the experimental data compared to the Japanese prototype lining test. The load structure model takes into account the cracking process and distribution of the lining segment under the influence of local bias pressure and lining thickness. In addition, the influence of preset cracks and lining section form on the crack propagation of the concrete lining model is studied. This study evaluates the stability and sustainability of tunnel structure by the More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Underconstrained Cable-Driven Parallel Suspension System of Virtual Flight Test Model in Wind Tunnel

    Huisong Wu, Kaichun Zeng, Li Yu, Yan Li, Xiping Kou*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.1, pp. 395-416, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.021650

    Abstract An underconstrained cable-driven parallel robot (CDPR) suspension system was designed for a virtual flight testing (VFT) model. This mechanism includes two identical upper and lower kinematic chains, each of which comprises a cylindrical pair, rotating pair, and cable parallelogram. The model is pulled via two cables at the top and bottom and fixed by a yaw turntable, which can realize free coupling and decoupling with three rotational degrees of freedom of the model. First, the underconstrained CDPR suspension system of the VFT model was designed according to the mechanics theory, the degrees of freedom were… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effects of Turbulence Intensity and Tip Speed Ratio on the Coherent Structure of Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine Wake: A Wind Tunnel Experiment

    Yuxia Han1,2, Jianwen Wang1,2,*, Xin Li3, Xueqing Dong1,2, Caifeng Wen1,2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.6, pp. 2297-2317, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.020858

    Abstract The evolution laws of the large-eddy coherent structure of the wind turbine wake have been evaluated via wind tunnel experiments under uniform and turbulent inflow conditions. The spatial correlation coefficients, the turbulence integral scales and power spectrum are obtained at different tip speed ratios (TSRs) based on the time-resolved particle image velocity (TR-PIV) technique. The results indicate that the large-eddy coherent structures are more likely to dissipate with an increase in turbulence intensity and TSR. Furthermore, the spatial correlation of the longitudinal pulsation velocity is greater than its axial counterpart, resulting into a wake turbulence… More >

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