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  • Open Access


    A Numerical Investigation of the Effect of Boundary Conditions on Acoustic Pressure Distribution in a Sonochemical Reactor Chamber

    Ivan Sboev1,*, Tatyana Lyubimova2,3, Konstantin Rybkin3, Michael Kuchinskiy2,3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.6, pp. 1425-1439, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.051341

    Abstract The intensification of physicochemical processes in the sonochemical reactor chamber is widely used in problems of synthesis, extraction and separation. One of the most important mechanisms at play in such processes is the acoustic cavitation due to the non-uniform distribution of acoustic pressure in the chamber. Cavitation has a strong impact on the surface degradation mechanisms. In this work, a numerical calculation of the acoustic pressure distribution inside the reactor chamber was performed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The numerical results have revealed the dependence of the structure of the acoustic pressure field on the boundary conditions More > Graphic Abstract

    A Numerical Investigation of the Effect of Boundary Conditions on Acoustic Pressure Distribution in a Sonochemical Reactor Chamber

  • Open Access


    Investigation of Cavitation in NaCl Solutions in a Sonochemical Reactor Using the Foil Test Method

    Michael Kuchinskiy1,2,*, Tatyana Lyubimova1,2, Konstantin Rybkin2, Anastasiia Sadovnikova2, Vasiliy Galishevskiy2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.5, pp. 1093-1102, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.050059

    Abstract Ultrasonic baths and sonochemical reactors are widely used in industrial applications dealing with surface cleaning and chemical synthesis. The processes of erosion, cleaning and structuring of the surface can be typically controlled by changing relevant influential parameters. In particular, in this work, we experimentally investigate the effect of NaCl concentration (0–5.5 mol/L) on the erosion of an aluminum foil under ultrasonic exposure at a frequency of 28 kHz. Special attention is paid to the determination of cavitation zones and their visualization using heat maps. It is found that at low NaCl concentration (0.3 mol/L), the More > Graphic Abstract

    Investigation of Cavitation in NaCl Solutions in a Sonochemical Reactor Using the Foil Test Method

  • Open Access


    A Novel Approach to Breast Tumor Detection: Enhanced Speckle Reduction and Hybrid Classification in Ultrasound Imaging

    K. Umapathi1,*, S. Shobana1, Anand Nayyar2, Judith Justin3, R. Vanithamani3, Miguel Villagómez Galindo4, Mushtaq Ahmad Ansari5, Hitesh Panchal6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 1875-1901, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047961

    Abstract Breast cancer detection heavily relies on medical imaging, particularly ultrasound, for early diagnosis and effective treatment. This research addresses the challenges associated with computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of breast cancer from ultrasound images. The primary challenge is accurately distinguishing between malignant and benign tumors, complicated by factors such as speckle noise, variable image quality, and the need for precise segmentation and classification. The main objective of the research paper is to develop an advanced methodology for breast ultrasound image classification, focusing on speckle noise reduction, precise segmentation, feature extraction, and machine learning-based classification. A unique approach… More >

  • Open Access


    Secure Transmission of Compressed Medical Image Sequences on Communication Networks Using Motion Vector Watermarking

    Rafi Ullah1,*, Mohd Hilmi bin Hasan1, Sultan Daud Khan2, Mussadiq Abdul Rahim3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3283-3301, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046305

    Abstract Medical imaging plays a key role within modern hospital management systems for diagnostic purposes. Compression methodologies are extensively employed to mitigate storage demands and enhance transmission speed, all while upholding image quality. Moreover, an increasing number of hospitals are embracing cloud computing for patient data storage, necessitating meticulous scrutiny of server security and privacy protocols. Nevertheless, considering the widespread availability of multimedia tools, the preservation of digital data integrity surpasses the significance of compression alone. In response to this concern, we propose a secure storage and transmission solution for compressed medical image sequences, such as… More >

  • Open Access


    Femoral Access with Ultrasound-Guided Puncture and Z-Stitch Hemostasis for Adults with Congenital Heart Diseases Undergoing Electrophysiological Procedures

    Fu Guan1,*, Matthias Gass2, Florian Berger2, Heiko Schneider1, Firat Duru1,3, Thomas Wolber1,3,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 85-92, 2024, DOI:10.32604/chd.2024.047266

    Abstract Aims: Although the application of ultrasound-guided vascular puncture and Z-stitch hemostasis to manage femoral access has been widely utilized, there is limited data on this combined application in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients undergoing electrophysiological (EP) procedures. We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided puncture and postprocedural Z-stitch hemostasis for ACHD patients undergoing EP procedures. Methods and Results: The population of ACHD patients undergoing transfemoral EP procedures at the University of Zurich Heart Center between January 2019 and December 2022 was observed and analyzed. During the study period, femoral access (left/right, arterial/venous)… More >

  • Open Access


    A Transfer Learning Approach Based on Ultrasound Images for Liver Cancer Detection

    Murtada K. Elbashir1, Alshimaa Mahmoud2, Ayman Mohamed Mostafa1,*, Eslam Hamouda1, Meshrif Alruily1, Sadeem M. Alotaibi1, Hosameldeen Shabana3,4, Mohamed Ezz1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 5105-5121, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037728

    Abstract The convolutional neural network (CNN) is one of the main algorithms that is applied to deep transfer learning for classifying two essential types of liver lesions; Hemangioma and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Ultrasound images, which are commonly available and have low cost and low risk compared to computerized tomography (CT) scan images, will be used as input for the model. A total of 350 ultrasound images belonging to 59 patients are used. The number of images with HCC is 202 and 148, respectively. These images were collected from ultrasound cases.info (28 Hemangiomas patients and 11 HCC… More >

  • Open Access


    Study on the Value of Ultrasound Elastography Combined with Plasma miRNA Expression in the Early Detection of Breast Cancer

    Qian Zhang1,2,#, Yuanyuan Cao2,#, Mingming Fang3, Qin Yang2, Pingyang Zhang1,*

    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 717-727, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.026998

    Abstract Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignant tumor in women, and its morbidity and mortality are increasing each year, due to the lack of specific clinical symptoms in the early stage of BC, and the lack of diagnostic methods for early breast cancer. Therefore, identifying an effective diagnostic method for early BC has become urgent. Materials and Methods: Breast lesions with a histological diagnosis that were examined by ultrasonic elastography (UE) in our department from June 2020 to December 2021 were reviewed. qRT-PCR was performed to measure the expression levels of miR-144-5p and miR-26b-5p in… More >

  • Open Access


    Current Perspectives on Umbilical Cord Abnormalities Including Blood Flow Parameters Based on Ultrasound Observations

    Xue Song1,2, Cun Liu2, Jingying Wang1,*, Xinglian Yang1, Mingrui Li1

    Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, Vol.19, No.4, pp. 209-219, 2022, DOI:10.32604/mcb.2022.026082

    Abstract The umbilical cord is a vital structure between the fetus and placenta for the growth and well-being of the fetus. Although the umbilical cord may be the only organ that dies at the beginning of life, it is one of the most important parts of the feta-placental unit and plays a role in determining how life begins. In general, the prenatal examination of the umbilical cord is limited to the observation of the number of vessels and the evaluation of umbilical artery blood flow parameters. Pathologists have done more research on the morphological characteristics of More >

  • Open Access


    Depolymerization of Post-Consumer Polylactic Acid Products

    David Grewell1,*, Gowrishankar Srinivasan1, Eric Cochran2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 157-165, 2014, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2014.634112

    Abstract Presented in this study is a novel recycling strategy for poly(lactic acid) (PLA) in which the depolymerization is rapidly promoted by the base-catalyzed hydrol-/alcohol-ysis of the terminal ester bonds under mild conditions. Post-consumer PLA water bottles were cut into approximately 6 x 2 mm plastic chips and heated to 50–60o C in water, ethanol, or methanol as the depolymerization medium. A variety of carbonate salts and alkaline metal oxides were screened as potential catalysts. High-power ultrasound was also investigated as a means to accelerate the PLA decomposition. Both mass loss and HPLC analysis of the More >

  • Open Access


    Adaptive Fuzzy Logic Despeckling in Non-Subsampled Contourlet Transformed Ultrasound Pictures

    T. Manikandan1, S. Karthikeyan2,*, J. Jai Jaganath Babu3, G. Babu4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.3, pp. 2755-2771, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.030497

    Abstract Signal to noise ratio in ultrasound medical images captured through the digital camera is poorer, resulting in an inaccurate diagnosis. As a result, it needs an efficient despeckling method for ultrasound images in clinical practice and telemedicine. This article proposes a novel adaptive fuzzy filter based on the directionality and translation invariant property of the Non-Sub sampled Contour-let Transform (NSCT). Since speckle-noise causes fuzziness in ultrasound images, fuzzy logic may be a straightforward technique to derive the output from the noisy images. This filtering method comprises detection and filtering stages. First, image regions classify at… More >

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