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  • Open Access


    Mindfulness Facets and Psychological Well-Being among Meditators: Serenity as a Mediating Process

    Rebecca Y. M. Cheung1,*, Iris Yili Wang2, Elsa Ngar-Sze Lau3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.3, pp. 177-187, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2024.047190

    Abstract Guided by the theoretical processes of mindfulness and psychological well-being, this study examined serenity as a mediator between mindfulness facets and psychological well-being, as indexed by depressive symptoms and life satisfaction. Participants were 133 mindfulness practitioners who took part in a 3-day transnational meditation event in Hong Kong. Upon informed consent, participants completed a self-report questionnaire. The findings from structural equation modeling showed that serenity mediated the relation between two facets of mindfulness, including describing and nonreacting to inner experience, and life satisfaction. Serenity also mediated the relation between the mindfulness facet of describing and More >

  • Open Access


    Self-Compassion Moderates the Effect of Contingent Self-Esteem on Well-Being: Evidence from Cross-Sectional Survey and Experiment

    Ruirui Zhang1, Xuguang Zhang2, Minxin Yang3, Haoran Zhang4,5,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.2, pp. 117-126, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.045819

    Abstract Contingent self-esteem captures the fragile nature of self-esteem and is often regarded as suboptimal to psychological functioning. Self-compassion is another important self-related concept assumed to promote mental health and well-being. However, research on the relation of self-compassion to contingent self-esteem is lacking. Two studies were conducted to explore the role of self-compassion, either as a personal characteristic or an induced mindset, in influencing the effects of contingent self-esteem on well-being. Study 1 recruited 256 Chinese college students (30.4% male, mean age = 21.72 years) who filled out measures of contingent self-esteem, self-compassion, and well-being. The… More >

  • Open Access


    Reliability and Validity of Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale among Chinese Civil Servants

    Shulan Lei1,2, Shujuan Wang1, Zhuohong Zhu1,2, Min Lu1,2, Xinying Li1,2, Yiming Shen3, Jing Chen1,2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.1, pp. 61-67, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.045478

    Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore the reliability and validity of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) among Chinese civil servants, thus establishing a useful tool for assessing the mental health of individuals in this occupation. The WEMWBS, Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) were administered to a sample of 2,624 civil servants (42.860 ± 9.690 years) in a city located within Shandong Province, China. The findings revealed significant differences between groups with high and low scores on each item of the WEMWBS (t = 48.127–78.308, all pMore >

  • Open Access


    Associations between Mental Health Outcomes and Adverse Childhood Experiences and Character Strengths among University Students in Southern China

    Yulan Yu1,2, Rassamee Chotipanvithayakul3, Hujiao Kuang4, Wit Wichaidit3,*, Chonghua Wan1,2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.12, pp. 1343-1351, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.043446

    Abstract Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can negatively affect mental health, whereas character strengths seem to be positively correlated with mental health. Detailed information on the history of ACEs among university students in China and the extent which mental health is associated with ACEs and character strengths can contribute to the needed empirical evidence for relevant stakeholders. Objectives of this study are 1) to estimate the prevalence of ACEs among undergraduate students in Southern China; and 2) to assess the extent which mental health outcomes (positive growth, well-being, and depression) are associated with ACEs and character strengths… More >

  • Open Access


    A Model for Predicting the Psychological Well-Being of Older Adults in South Korea

    Hyangjin Park1, Haeryun Cho2, So Yeon Yoo3,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1219-1228, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.041490

    Abstract This study examined factors related to the psychological well-being of older adults and built and verified a model for predicting psychological well-being. The participants were 350 older adults aged over 60 years who lived in South Korea and were active in the local community. The model proposed in this study was found to be suitable. Depression, self-efficacy, and social support had a direct effect on the psychological well-being of older adults, while depression, activities of daily living (ADLs), and self-efficacy had an indirect effect. Self-efficacy and social support mediated the relationship between depression and psychological More >

  • Open Access


    Who Benefits More from Physical Exercise? On the Relations between Personality, Physical Exercise, and Well-Being

    Jialing Miao1, Wei Liao2,*, Baoguo Xie3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.10, pp. 1147-1157, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030671

    Abstract Although employers believe that encouraging and supporting physical exercise activities by purchasing fitness equipment and building sports venues can improve employees’ well-being, the utilization rate is rather low. Since most of the evidence of the well-being promotion in the workplace concentrated on the perspectives of organizational factors and psychosocial factors and focused on the reduction of the negative affect of well-being, it is still an open question whether physical exercise has benefits on both negative and positive affect of wellbeing and who benefits more from physical exercise. Thus, the purpose of this study is to… More >

  • Open Access


    The Mediating Role of Religious Beliefs in the Relationship between Well-Being and Fear of the Pandemic

    Van-Son Huynh1, Thanh-Thao Ly1, My-Tien Nguyen-Thi1,*, Xuan Thanh Kieu Nguyen2, Gallayaporn Nantachai3,4, Vinh-Long Tran-Chi1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 1019-1031, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.029235

    Abstract Religion is one of the social entities that has had a significant impact on the pandemic. The study’s goals are to investigate the relationship between well-being and fear of COVID-19, as well as to test whether religious beliefs mediate the effect of wellbeing on fear of COVID-19. The sample comprised of 433 participants in Vietnam. Independent Sample t-Test, One-way ANOVA, mediation analysis were used to analyze the data. In the levels of well-being, individuals who engage in religious services daily have higher levels than those hardly and never attend, and people from the age of 18 More >

  • Open Access


    Towards Innovative Research Approaches to Investigating the Role of Emotional Variables in Promoting Language Teachers’ and Learners’ Mental Health

    Ali Derakhshan1, Yongliang Wang2,*, Yongxiang Wang2,*, José Luis Ortega-Martín3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.7, pp. 823-832, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.029877

    Abstract The adequacy of language education largely depends on the favorable and unfavorable emotions that teachers and students experience throughout the education process. Simply said, emotional factors play a key role in improving the quality of language teaching and learning. Furthermore, these emotional factors also promote the well-being of language teachers and learners and place them in a suitable mental condition. In view of the favorable impact of emotional factors on the mental health of language teachers and learners, many educational scholars around the world have studied these factors, their background, and their pedagogical consequences. Nonetheless,… More >

  • Open Access


    The Relationship between Mental Health Literacy and Subjective Well-Being of Young and Middle-Aged Residents: Perceived the Mediating Role of Social Support and Its Urban-Rural Differences

    Zhen Zhang, Suyan Chen*, Xiaoxuan Wang, Jun Liu, Yilin Zhang, Yongxia Mei, Zhenxiang Zhang

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.4, pp. 471-483, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.024918

    Abstract This study investigates mental health literacy among young and middle-aged urban and rural residents and the differences in mental health literacy, perceived social support and subjective well-being. From January to February 2022, 620 participants (320 rural and 300 urban residents) from three provinces of China were selected by convenience sampling. A general data questionnaire, mental health literacy scale, perceived social support scale and subjective well-being scale were administered. The mental health literacy scores of urban residents were 3.34 ± 0.57 and those of rural residents were 2.73 ± 0.79. The results of multiple regression analysis… More >

  • Open Access


    Exploring the Impact of Crisis and Trauma on the Mental Health and Psychological Well-Being of University Students in Northern Haiti

    Michael Galvin1,2,3,*, Guesly Michel3, Henri-Claude Saintelmond4, Carolyn Lesorogol5, Jean-François Trani5, Lora Iannotti5

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.2, pp. 173-191, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.018800

    Abstract In recent decades, Haiti has been subject to man-made and natural disasters that have left its citizens vulnerable to a range of shocks. With a weak state unable to protect its populace, Haitians are exposed to some of the highest levels of poverty and violence in the Western Hemisphere. In recent years, Haitians have experienced two crises that this study analyzes: the instability and political violence of “peyi lòk” as well as the global pandemic of COVID-19. This community-based assessment explores the impact of these two crises on the mental health and psychological well-being of… More >

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