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  • Open Access


    Perception of Student Life as Promoting Mental Health and Well-Being. A Study of First-Year Students in a Norwegian University

    Anne Skoglund1,*, Kari Bjerke Batt-Rawden1, Agneta Schröder1,2, Øyfrid Larsen Moen1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.23, No.4, pp. 487-497, 2021, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2021.016199

    Abstract In Norway, 300,000 people attend higher education. Elsewhere in Europe, student numbers are also high. In Great Britain, 1.9 million people attended higher education in the academic year 2018–2019. This is a substantial part of the population, and the mental health and well-being of students are of prime importance. The first year as a university student is a transitional period characterized by significant changes and constitutes an essential fundament for students in their student life and later. An increasing number of students report having mental health problems to various degrees. Identifying the variety of perceptions of what may promote mental… More >

  • Open Access


    Determinants of Positive Mental Health in Adolescents–A Cross-Sectional Study on Relationships between Positive Mental Health, Self-Esteem, Character Strengths and Social Inclusion

    Hanna Ahrnberg1,*, Kaija Appelqvist-Schmidlechner2, Pekka Mustonen1, Sari Fröjd3, Katja Aktan-Collan1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.23, No.3, pp. 361-374, 2021, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2021.016408

    Abstract Adolescence is a crucial time period with especial vulnerability for development of mental health problems. Growing interest is focusing on the determinants of positive mental health in order to find the key concepts that could be influenced in the promotion of mental well-being of adolescents. In this study we aim to explore the relations between self-esteem, character strengths and experience of social inclusion as determinants of adolescents’ positive mental health controlled for selected sociodemographic background factors. The study population (n = 195) consisted of comprehensive school students who filled in an electronic questionnaire of adolescent’s mental well-being in Fall 2019.… More >

  • Open Access


    Higher Child-Reported Internalizing and Parent-Reported Externalizing Behaviors were Associated with Decreased Quality of Life among Pediatric Cardiac Patients Independent of Diagnosis: A Cross-Sectional Mixed-Methods Assessment

    Jacqueline S. Lee1,2, Angelica Blais1,2, Julia Jackson1, Bhavika J. Patel1, Lillian Lai4, Gary Goldfield1,3, Renee Sananes5, Patricia E. Longmuir1,2,3,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.16, No.3, pp. 255-267, 2021, DOI:10.32604/CHD.2021.014628

    Abstract Background: Pediatric cardiology patients often experience decreased quality of life (QoL) and higher rates of mental illness, particularly with severe disease, but the relationship between them and comparisons across diagnostic groups are limited. This mixed-methods cross-sectional study assessed the association between QoL anxiety and behavior problems among children with structural heart disease, arrhythmia, or other cardiac diagnoses. Methods: Children (6–14 years, n = 76, 50% female) and their parents completed measures of QoL (PedsQL), behavior (BASC-2, subset of 19 children) and anxiety (MASC-2, children 8+ years). Pearson correlations/regression models examined associations between QoL, behavior and anxiety, controlling for age, sex,… More >

  • Open Access


    Voice More and Be Happier: How Employee Voice Influences Psychological Well-Being in the Workplace

    Jia Xu1, Baoguo Xie2,*, Yi Yang3, Linwei Li1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.23, No.1, pp. 41-53, 2021, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2021.013518

    Abstract The recently recognized core construct of employee voice has been demonstrated to be related to various outcomes. However, to date, the impact of employee voice over time and on important employee well-being has been rarely tested. In the present research, we studied in particular how employee voice behavior is related to psychological well-being. Employing the theory of self-determination, we developed three hypotheses pertinent to this relationship, including the mediating role of authentic self-expression and the moderating role of collectivist orientation. We tested our hypotheses using data from 217 employees in Mainland China over two time periods. As we hypothesized, we… More >

  • Open Access


    Quality of life and sexual well-being in patients with a Fontan circulation: An explorative pilot study with a mixed method design

    Djoeke Wolff1, Henricus B. M. van de Wiel2, Mirthe E. de Muinck Keizer1, Joost P. van Melle3, Petronella G. Pieper3, Rolf M. F. Berger1, Tjark Ebels4, Willebrord C. M. Weijmar Schultz5

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.13, No.2, pp. 319-326, 2018, DOI:10.1111/chd.12576

    Abstract Objective: To get an impression of the quality of life (QOL) and sexual well-being in the Fontan population, and to generate hypotheses for future research.
    Methods: For this cross-sectional pilot study, questionnaires regarding health-related QOL, sexual function and fertility/pregnancy were completed by 21 patients with a Fontan circulation >16 years old, followed at the University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted in 8 patients.
    Results: Fontan patients scored significantly lower on general health than their healthy peers (t (19)=-3.0, P = .008), whereas their scores on other QOL domains and sexual well-being were comparable to normal… More >

  • Open Access


    Why Ignore the Dark Side of Social Media? A Role of Social Media in Spreading Corona-Phobia and Psychological Well-Being

    Saqib Amin*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 29-38, 2020, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2020.011115

    Abstract Coronaviruses are a category of associated viruses that trigger disease in mammals and birds. Human coronaviruses have been identified including severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV) in 2003, human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV NL63) in 2004, human coronavirus HKU1 (HKU1) in 2005, Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (MERSCoV) in 2012, and severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) in December, 2019. This study aims to examine whether social media at residing/admittance in quarantine ward (due to corona virus pandemic disease) affects psychological health or not? We asked questions from 250 quarantined patients infected from coronavirus (restricted to quarantine ward) about their psychological… More >

  • Open Access


    How Does Proactive Personality Promote Affective Well-Being? A Chained Mediation Model

    Lu Xin1, Mengyi Li2,*, Fangcheng Tang1, Wenxia Zhou2, Wenxi Wang3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.21, No.1, pp. 1-11, 2019, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2019.010808

    Abstract Based on social cognitive career theory, this research examined a chained mediation model for the relations between proactive personality, career success criteria clarity, career decision-making self-efficacy and affective wellbeing. A two-wave survey study was conducted among Chinese graduating students (N = 235). The results showed that proactive personality (measured at time 1), career success criteria clarity (measured at time 1), and career decisionmaking self-efficacy (measured at time 2) positively related to affective well-being respectively. In addition, the results further revealed that proactive personality was positively related to career success criteria clarity, which further predicted affective well-being through the full mediation… More >

  • Open Access


    Bridging the Gap between Ethical Climate and Nurses’ Service Behaviors: the Critical Role of Professional Well-Being

    Na Zhang1,*, Jingjing Li2, Xing Bu2, Zhenxing Gong3, Gilal Faheem Gul4

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 99-110, 2018, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2018.010803

    Abstract Although the importance of nurses’ service behaviors has been increasingly emphasized, few studies accounted for how organizational or individual antecedents affect nurses’ psychological processes to implement service behaviors. Additionally, they mainly focused on the one side of roleprescribed service behavior and ignored the effect on extra-role service behavior. This study seeks to explore the relationship between ethical climate and nurses’ service behaviors from a comparative view, of the role-prescribed and extra-role service behavior and examine the mediating effect of nurses’ professional wellbeing (as characterized by positive attitudes toward work, specifically harmonious work passion and obsessive work passion). Survey data from… More >

  • Open Access


    Promoting Employees’ Affective Well-Being: Comparing the Impact of Career Success Criteria Clarity and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy

    Lu Xin1, Mengyi Li2,*, Fangcheng Tang1, Wenxia Zhou2, Xiaotong Zheng3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 55-65, 2018, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2018.010723

    Abstract Based on social cognitive career theory, this study examined career success criteria clarity and career decision-making self-efficacy as mediators in the relationship between career exploration and affective well-being. Data were collected from 475 emerging adults in their early career stages in China. The results showed that both career success criteria clarity and career decision-making self-efficacy mediated the relationship between career exploration and affective well-being. Career decision-making self-efficacy exhibited a stronger mediating effect on this relationship than career success criteria clarity. These findings reveal some important mechanisms underlying the role of career exploration in generating affective well-being and contribute to the… More >

  • Open Access


    The Interactive Effect of Proactive Personality and Career Exploration on Graduating Students’ Well-Being in School-to-Work Transition

    Wenxia Zhou1, Mengyi Li1, Lu Xin2,*, Jinqiang Zhu3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 41-54, 2018, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2018.010737

    Abstract Based on basic psychological needs theory of self-determination theory, this study investigates the interaction effect of proactive personality and career exploration on well-being for graduating students during school-to-work transition. Using a survey sample of 216 graduating students in China, we found that: 1) Proactive personality had a positive relationship with well-being. 2) Career decision-making self-efficacy mediated the relationship between proactive personality and well-being. 3) Career exploration negatively moderated the relationship between proactive personality and career decision-making selfefficacy. The relationship between proactive personality and career decisionmaking self-efficacy was stronger when career exploration was lower. 4) Career exploration also negatively moderated the… More >

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