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Search Results (9)
  • Open Access


    KurdSet: A Kurdish Handwritten Characters Recognition Dataset Using Convolutional Neural Network

    Sardar Hasen Ali*, Maiwan Bahjat Abdulrazzaq

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 429-448, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048356

    Abstract Handwritten character recognition (HCR) involves identifying characters in images, documents, and various sources such as forms surveys, questionnaires, and signatures, and transforming them into a machine-readable format for subsequent processing. Successfully recognizing complex and intricately shaped handwritten characters remains a significant obstacle. The use of convolutional neural network (CNN) in recent developments has notably advanced HCR, leveraging the ability to extract discriminative features from extensive sets of raw data. Because of the absence of pre-existing datasets in the Kurdish language, we created a Kurdish handwritten dataset called (KurdSet). The dataset consists of Kurdish characters, digits,… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Convolutional Neural Networks for Accurate Classification of Gastrointestinal Tract Syndromes

    Zahid Farooq Khan1, Muhammad Ramzan1,*, Mudassar Raza1, Muhammad Attique Khan2,3, Khalid Iqbal4, Taerang Kim5, Jae-Hyuk Cha5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1207-1225, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045491

    Abstract Accurate detection and classification of artifacts within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract frames remain a significant challenge in medical image processing. Medical science combined with artificial intelligence is advancing to automate the diagnosis and treatment of numerous diseases. Key to this is the development of robust algorithms for image classification and detection, crucial in designing sophisticated systems for diagnosis and treatment. This study makes a small contribution to endoscopic image classification. The proposed approach involves multiple operations, including extracting deep features from endoscopy images using pre-trained neural networks such as Darknet-53 and Xception. Additionally, feature optimization… More >

  • Open Access


    A Double-Branch Xception Architecture for Acute Hemorrhage Detection and Subtype Classification

    Muhammad Naeem Akram1, Muhammad Usman Yaseen1, Muhammad Waqar1, Muhammad Imran1,*, Aftab Hussain2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 3727-3744, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041855

    Abstract This study presents a deep learning model for efficient intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) detection and subtype classification on non-contrast head computed tomography (CT) images. ICH refers to bleeding in the skull, leading to the most critical life-threatening health condition requiring rapid and accurate diagnosis. It is classified as intra-axial hemorrhage (intraventricular, intraparenchymal) and extra-axial hemorrhage (subdural, epidural, subarachnoid) based on the bleeding location inside the skull. Many computer-aided diagnoses (CAD)-based schemes have been proposed for ICH detection and classification at both slice and scan levels. However, these approaches perform only binary classification and suffer from a… More >

  • Open Access


    FST-EfficientNetV2: Exceptional Image Classification for Remote Sensing

    Huaxiang Song*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3959-3978, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.038429

    Abstract Recently, the semantic classification (SC) algorithm for remote sensing images (RSI) has been greatly improved by deep learning (DL) techniques, e.g., deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs). However, too many methods employ complex procedures (e.g., multi-stages), excessive hardware budgets (e.g., multi-models), and an extreme reliance on domain knowledge (e.g., handcrafted features) for the pure purpose of improving accuracy. It obviously goes against the superiority of DL, i.e., simplicity and automation. Meanwhile, these algorithms come with unnecessarily expensive overhead on parameters and hardware costs. As a solution, the author proposed a fast and simple training algorithm based… More >

  • Open Access


    Xception-Fractalnet: Hybrid Deep Learning Based Multi-Class Classification of Alzheimer’s Disease

    Mudiyala Aparna, Battula Srinivasa Rao*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 6909-6932, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034796

    Abstract Neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are very challenging to treat due to their sensitivity, technical challenges during surgery, and high expenses. The complexity of the brain structures makes it difficult to distinguish between the various brain tissues and categorize AD using conventional classification methods. Furthermore, conventional approaches take a lot of time and might not always be precise. Hence, a suitable classification framework with brain imaging may produce more accurate findings for early diagnosis of AD. Therefore in this paper, an effective hybrid Xception and Fractalnet-based deep learning framework are implemented to classify… More >

  • Open Access


    Predicting the Breed of Dogs and Cats with Fine-Tuned Keras Applications

    I.-Hung Wang1, Mahardi2, Kuang-Chyi Lee2,*, Shinn-Liang Chang1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.30, No.3, pp. 995-1005, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.019020

    Abstract The images classification is one of the most common applications of deep learning. Images of dogs and cats are mostly used as examples for image classification models, as they are relatively easy for the human eyes to recognize. However, classifying the breed of a dog or a cat has its own complexity. In this paper, a fine-tuned pre-trained model of a Keras’ application was built with a new dataset of dogs and cats to predict the breed of identified dogs or cats. Keras applications are deep learning models, which have been previously trained with general More >

  • Open Access


    Performance Comparison of Deep CNN Models for Detecting Driver’s Distraction

    Kathiravan Srinivasan1, Lalit Garg2,*, Debajit Datta3, Abdulellah A. Alaboudi4, N. Z. Jhanjhi5, Rishav Agarwal3, Anmol George Thomas1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 4109-4124, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016736

    Abstract According to various worldwide statistics, most car accidents occur solely due to human error. The person driving a car needs to be alert, especially when travelling through high traffic volumes that permit high-speed transit since a slight distraction can cause a fatal accident. Even though semi-automated checks, such as speed detecting cameras and speed barriers, are deployed, controlling human errors is an arduous task. The key causes of driver’s distraction include drunken driving, conversing with co-passengers, fatigue, and operating gadgets while driving. If these distractions are accurately predicted, the drivers can be alerted through an More >

  • Open Access


    Brain Tumor Classification Based on Fine-Tuned Models and the Ensemble Method

    Neelum Noreen1,*, Sellapan Palaniappan1, Abdul Qayyum2, Iftikhar Ahmad3, Madini O. Alassafi3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 3967-3982, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014158

    Abstract Brain tumors are life-threatening for adults and children. However, accurate and timely detection can save lives. This study focuses on three different types of brain tumors: Glioma, meningioma, and pituitary tumors. Many studies describe the analysis and classification of brain tumors, but few have looked at the problem of feature engineering. Methods are needed to overcome the drawbacks of manual diagnosis and conventional feature-engineering techniques. An automatic diagnostic system is thus necessary to extract features and classify brain tumors accurately. While progress continues to be made, the automatic diagnoses of brain tumors still face challenges… More >

  • Open Access


    An Intelligent Deep Learning Based Xception Model for Hyperspectral Image Analysis and Classification

    J. Banumathi1, A. Muthumari2, S. Dhanasekaran3, S. Rajasekaran4, Irina V. Pustokhina5, Denis A. Pustokhin6, K. Shankar7,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.2, pp. 2393-2407, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015605

    Abstract Due to the advancements in remote sensing technologies, the generation of hyperspectral imagery (HSI) gets significantly increased. Accurate classification of HSI becomes a critical process in the domain of hyperspectral data analysis. The massive availability of spectral and spatial details of HSI has offered a great opportunity to efficiently illustrate and recognize ground materials. Presently, deep learning (DL) models particularly, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) become useful for HSI classification owing to the effective feature representation and high performance. In this view, this paper introduces a new DL based Xception model for HSI analysis and classification,… More >

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