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  • Open Access


    Modified Visual Geometric Group Architecture for MRI Brain Image Classification

    N. Veni1,*, J. Manjula2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 825-835, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022318

    Abstract The advancement of automated medical diagnosis in biomedical engineering has become an important area of research. Image classification is one of the diagnostic approaches that do not require segmentation which can draw quicker inferences. The proposed non-invasive diagnostic support system in this study is considered as an image classification system where the given brain image is classified as normal or abnormal. The ability of deep learning allows a single model for feature extraction as well as classification whereas the rational models require separate models. One of the best models for image localization and classification is the Visual Geometric Group (VGG)… More >

  • Open Access


    Computer Oriented Numerical Scheme for Solving Engineering Problems

    Mudassir Shams1, Naila Rafiq2, Nasreen Kausar3, Nazir Ahmad Mir2, Ahmad Alalyani4,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 689-701, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022269

    Abstract In this study, we construct a family of single root finding method of optimal order four and then generalize this family for estimating of all roots of non-linear equation simultaneously. Convergence analysis proves that the local order of convergence is four in case of single root finding iterative method and six for simultaneous determination of all roots of non-linear equation. Some non-linear equations are taken from physics, chemistry and engineering to present the performance and efficiency of the newly constructed method. Some real world applications are taken from fluid mechanics, i.e., fluid permeability in biogels and biomedical engineering which includes… More >

  • Open Access


    Designing and Evaluating a Collaborative Knowledge Management Framework for Leaf Disease Detection

    Komal Bashir1,*, Mariam Rehman2, Afnan Bashir3, Faria Kanwal1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 751-777, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022247

    Abstract Knowledge Management (KM) has become a dynamic concept for inquiry in research. The management of knowledge from multiple sources requires a systematic approach that can facilitate capturing all important aspects related to a particular discipline, several KM frameworks have been designed to serve this purpose. This research aims to propose a Collaborative Knowledge Management (CKM) Framework that bridges gaps and overcomes weaknesses in existing frameworks. The paper also validates the framework by evaluating its effectiveness for the agriculture sector of Pakistan. A software LCWU aKMS was developed which serves as a practical implementation of the concepts behind the proposed CKMF… More >

  • Open Access


    Inter-Purchase Time Prediction Based on Deep Learning

    Ling-Jing Kao1, Chih-Chou Chiu1,*, Yu-Fan Lin2, Heong Kam Weng1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 493-508, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022166

    Abstract Inter-purchase time is a critical factor for predicting customer churn. Improving the prediction accuracy can exploit consumer’s preference and allow businesses to learn about product or pricing plan weak points, operation issues, as well as customer expectations to proactively reduce reasons for churn. Although remarkable progress has been made, classic statistical models are difficult to capture behavioral characteristics in transaction data because transaction data are dependent and short-, medium-, and long-term data are likely to interfere with each other sequentially. Different from literature, this study proposed a hybrid inter-purchase time prediction model for customers of on-line retailers. Moreover, the analysis… More >

  • Open Access


    Metaheuristic Based Resource Scheduling Technique for Distributed Robotic Control Systems

    P. Anandraj1,*, S. Ramabalan2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 795-811, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022107

    Abstract The design of controllers for robots is a complex system that is to be dealt with several tasks in real time for enabling the robots to function independently. The distributed robotic control system can be used in real time for resolving various challenges such as localization, motion controlling, mapping, route planning, etc. The distributed robotic control system can manage different kinds of heterogenous devices. Designing a distributed robotic control system is a challenging process as it needs to operate effectually under different hardware configurations and varying computational requirements. For instance, scheduling of resources (such as communication channel, computation unit, robot… More >

  • Open Access


    Evaluation of Deep Learning Models for Person Authentication Based on Touch Gesture

    Asrar Bajaber1,*, Mai Fadel1, Lamiaa Elrefaei2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 465-481, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022003

    Abstract Touch gesture biometrics authentication system is the study of user's touching behavior on his touch device to identify him. The features traditionally used in touch gesture authentication systems are extracted using hand-crafted feature extraction approach. In this work, we investigate the ability of Deep Learning (DL) to automatically discover useful features of touch gesture and use them to authenticate the user. Four different models are investigated Long-Short Term Memory (LSTM), Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU), Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) combined with LSTM (CNN-LSTM), and CNN combined with GRU(CNN-GRU). In addition, different regularization techniques are investigated such as Activity Regularizer, Batch Normalization… More >

  • Open Access


    Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis Using ResNet with Fuzzy Rough C-Means Clustering

    R. S. Rajkumar*, A. Grace Selvarani

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 509-521, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021909


    Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is a vision disease due to the long-term prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus. It affects the retina of the eye and causes severe damage to the vision. If not treated on time it may lead to permanent vision loss in diabetic patients. Today’s development in science has no medication to cure Diabetic Retinopathy. However, if diagnosed at an early stage it can be controlled and permanent vision loss can be avoided. Compared to the diabetic population, experts to diagnose Diabetic Retinopathy are very less in particular to local areas. Hence an automatic computer-aided diagnosis for DR detection is… More >

  • Open Access


    Efficient User Pairing for Performance Enhancement of Downlink NOMA Systems

    Fahad Alraddady*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 535-544, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021746

    Abstract In this paper, the resource allocation problem for user pairing (UP) in downlink non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) systems is investigated. NOMA allows the use of one subcarrier for more than one user at the same time, thus increases the total capacity of the wireless communication system. However, users pairing is a challenging task in the NOMA systems, because a good channel quality subcarrier should be selected and allocated for the user to enhance the performance of NOMA systems. The proposed UP algorithm aims to enhance the sum rate of the paired users per subcarrier and consequently enhance the total sum… More >

  • Open Access


    Solving the Task Starvation and Resources Problem Using Optimized SMPIA in Cloud

    Mehran Mokhtari1, Homayun Motameni1,*, Peyman Bayat2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 659-675, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021729

    Abstract In this study, a new feature is added to the smart message passing interface (SMPI) approach (SMPIA) based on the prioritization method, which can completely eliminate the task starvation and lack of sufficient resources problems through prioritizing the tasks. The proposed approach is based on prioritizing the tasks and the urgency of implementation. Tasks are prioritized based on execution time, workload, the task with a more sensitive priority is executed earlier by the free source. The idea of demand-bound functions (DBFs) was extended to the SMPIA setting based on partitions and caps. For each task, two DBFs are constructed, DBFLO and… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Key Agreement Based Kerberos Protocol for M-Health Security

    P. Thirumoorthy1,*, K. S. Bhuvaneshwari2, C. Kamalanathan3, P. Sunita3, E. Prabhu4, S. Maheswaran5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 577-587, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021717

    Abstract The development of wireless sensor network with Internet of Things (IoT) predicts various applications in the field of healthcare and cloud computing. This can give promising results on mobile health care (M-health) and Telecare medicine information systems. M-health system on cloud Internet of Things (IoT) through wireless sensor network (WSN) becomes the rising research for the need of modern society. Sensor devices attached to the patients’ body which is connected to the mobile device can ease the medical services. Security is the key connect for optimal performance of the m-health system that share the data of patients in wireless networks… More >

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