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  • Open Access


    A Method of Obtaining Catchment Basins with Contour Lines for Foam Image Segmentation

    Yanpeng Wu1, Xiaoqi Peng1,*, Mohammad Nur2, Hengfu Yang1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1155-1170, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.06123

    Abstract Foam image segmentation, represented by watershed algorithm, is wildly used in the extraction of bubble morphology features. H-minima transformation was proved to be effective in locating the catchment basins in the traditional watershed segmentation method. To further improve the accuracy of watershed segmentation, method of top-bottom-cap filters and method of morphological reconstruction were implied to marking the catchment basins. In this paper, instead of H-minima transformation, a method of contour lines is specially proposed to obtain the catchment basins for foam image segmentation by using top-bottom-cap filters and less morphological reconstruction. Experimental results in foam More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Crossing-Line Crowd Counting Algorithm with Two-Stage Detection

    Zhenqiu Xiao1,*, Bin Yang2, Desy Tjahjadi3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1141-1154, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05638

    Abstract Crowd counting is a challenging task in crowded scenes due to heavy occlusions, appearance variations and perspective distortions. Current crowd counting methods typically operate on an image patch level with overlaps, then sum over the patches to get the final count. In this paper we describe a real-time pedestrian counting framework based on a two-stage human detection algorithm. Existing works with overhead cameras is mainly based on visual tracking, and their robustness is rather limited. On the other hand, some works, which focus on improving the performances, are too complicated to be realistic. By adopting… More >

  • Open Access


    Analyzing Dynamic Change in Social Network Based on Distribution-Free Multivariate Process Control Method

    Yan Liu1,*, Lian Liu1, Yu Yan2, Hao Feng1, Shichang Ding3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1123-1139, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05619

    Abstract Social organizations can be represented by social network because it can mathematically quantify and represent complex interrelated organizational behavior. Exploring the change in dynamic social network is essential for the situation awareness of the corresponding social organization. Social network usually evolves gradually and slightly, which is hard to be noticed. The statistical process control techniques in industry field have been used to distinguish the statistically significant change of social network. But the original method is narrowed due to some limitation on measures. This paper presents a generic framework to address the change detection problem in More >

  • Open Access


    Data Based Violated Behavior Analysis of Taxi Driver in Metropolis in China

    Jiao Yao1, Yiling Ni1, Jing Zhao2, Huiwei Niu1, Shanyong Liu1, Yuhui Zheng3, Jin Wang4,5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1109-1122, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.06252

    Abstract Violation probability of taxi drivers in metropolis is far more than that of normal drivers because they are labor-intensive, overconfident of self-driving skill, and always searching potential customers, sometimes even picking up or dropping off passengers randomly. In this paper, four types of violated behavior of taxi drivers in metropolis were first summarized, based on which corresponding scale table was initial designed with social statistical method. Furthermore, with certain samples, relative item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, validity analysis and reliability analysis were conducted to verify validity of the initial scale table, based on which some… More >

  • Open Access


    An Adaptive Superpixel Tracker Using Multiple Features

    Jingjing Liu1,2, Bin Zhang3, Xu Cheng4, Ying Chen5, Li Zhao1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1097-1108, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05968

    Abstract Visual tracking is a challenging issue in the field of computer vision due to the objects’ intricate appearance variation. To adapt the change of the appearance, multiple channel features which could provide more information are used. However, the low level feature could not represent the structure of the object. In this paper, a superpixel-based adaptive tracking algorithm by using color histogram and haar-like feature is proposed, whose feature is classified into the middle level. Based on the superpixel representation of video frames, the haar-like feature is extracted at the superpixel level as the local feature,… More >

  • Open Access


    Researching the Link Between the Geometric and Rènyi Discord for Special Canonical Initial States Based on Neural Network Method

    Xiaoyu Li1, Qinsheng Zhu2,*, Qingyu Meng2, Caishu You1, Mingzheng Zhu1, Yong Hu2, Yiming Huang1,3, Hao Wu2, Desheng Zheng4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1087-1095, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.06060

    Abstract Quantum correlation which is different to the entanglement and classical correlation plays important role in quantum information field. In our setup, neural network method is adopted to simulate the link between the Rènyi discord (α = 2) and the geometric discord (Bures distance) for special canonical initial states in order to show the consistency of physical results for different quantification methods. Our results are useful for studying the differences and commonalities of different quantizing methods of quantum correlation. More >

  • Open Access


    Few-Shot Learning with Generative Adversarial Networks Based on WOA13 Data

    Xin Li1,2, Yanchun Liang1,2, Minghao Zhao1,2, Chong Wang1,2,3, Yu Jiang1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1073-1085, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05929

    Abstract In recent years, extreme weather events accompanying the global warming have occurred frequently, which brought significant impact on national economic and social development. The ocean is an important member of the climate system and plays an important role in the occurrence of climate anomalies. With continuous improvement of sensor technology, we use sensors to acquire the ocean data for the study on resource detection and disaster prevention, etc. However, the data acquired by the sensor is not enough to be used directly by researchers, so we use the Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) to enhance the… More >

  • Open Access


    Attention-Aware Network with Latent Semantic Analysis for Clothing Invariant Gait Recognition

    Hefei Ling1, Jia Wu1, Ping Li1,*, Jialie Shen2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1041-1054, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05605

    Abstract Gait recognition is a complicated task due to the existence of co-factors like carrying conditions, clothing, viewpoints, and surfaces which change the appearance of gait more or less. Among those co-factors, clothing analysis is the most challenging one in the area. Conventional methods which are proposed for clothing invariant gait recognition show the body parts and the underlying relationships from them are important for gait recognition. Fortunately, attention mechanism shows dramatic performance for highlighting discriminative regions. Meanwhile, latent semantic analysis is known for the ability of capturing latent semantic variables to represent the underlying attributes More >

  • Open Access


    Non-Contact Real-Time Heart Rate Measurement Algorithm Based on PPG-Standard Deviation

    Jiancheng Zou1,*, Tianshu Chen1, Xin Yang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1029-1040, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05793

    Abstract Heart rate is an important physiological parameter for clinical diagnosis, it can infer the health of the human body. Thus, efficient and accurate heart rate measurement is important for disease diagnosis and health monitoring. There are two ways to measure heart rate. One is contact type and the other is non-contact. Contact measurement methods include pulse cutting, electrocardiogram, etc. Because of the inconvenience of this method, a non-contact heart rate method has been proposed. Traditional non-contact measurement method based on image is collecting RGB three-channel signals in continuous video and selecting the average value of… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on Public Opinion Propagation Model in Social Network Based on Blockchain

    Gengxin Sun1,*, Sheng Bin1, Meng Jiang2, Ning Cao3, Zhiyong Zheng4, Hongyan Zhao5, Dongbo Wang6, Lina Xu7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.3, pp. 1015-1027, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05644

    Abstract With the emergence and development of blockchain technology, a new type of social networks based on blockchain had emerged. In these social networks high quality content creators, filters and propagators can all be reasonably motivated. Due to the transparency and traceability brought by blockchain technology, the public opinion propagation in such social networks presents new characteristics and laws. Based on the theory of network propagation and blockchain, a new public opinion propagation model for this kind of social network based on blockchain technology is proposed in this paper. The model considers the effect of incentive More >

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