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Prediction and Analysis of Vehicle Interior Road Noise Based on Mechanism and Data Series Modeling

Jian Pang1,3, Tingting Mao2, Wenyu Jia3, Xiaoli Jia3,*, Peisong Dai2, Haibo Huang1,2,*

1 State Key Laboratory of Vehicle Noise, Vibration and Harshness (NVH) and Safety Technology, Chongqing, 401120, China
2 School of Mechanical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, China
3 Changan Auto Global R&D Center, Chongqing Changan Automobile Co., Ltd., Chongqing, 401120, China

* Corresponding Authors: Xiaoli Jia. Email: email; Haibo Huang. Email: email

Sound & Vibration 2024, 58, 59-80. https://doi.org/10.32604/sv.2024.046247

Abstract

Currently, the inexorable trend toward the electrification of automobiles has heightened the prominence of road noise within overall vehicle noise. Consequently, an in-depth investigation into automobile road noise holds substantial practical importance. Previous research endeavors have predominantly centered on the formulation of mechanism models and data-driven models. While mechanism models offer robust controllability, their application encounters challenges in intricate analyses of vehicle body acoustic-vibration coupling, and the effective utilization of accumulated data remains elusive. In contrast, data-driven models exhibit efficient modeling capabilities and can assimilate conceptual vehicle knowledge, but they impose stringent requirements on both data quality and quantity. In response to these considerations, this paper introduces an innovative approach for predicting vehicle road noise by integrating mechanism-driven and data-driven methodologies. Specifically, a series model is devised, amalgamating mechanism analysis with data-driven techniques to predict vehicle interior noise. The simulation results from dynamic models serve as inputs to the data-driven model, ultimately generating outputs through the utilization of the Long Short-Term Memory with Autoencoder (AE-LSTM) architecture. The study subsequently undertakes a comparative analysis between different dynamic models and data-driven models, thereby validating the efficacy of the proposed series vehicle road noise prediction model. This series model, encapsulating the rigid-flexible coupling dynamic model and AE-LSTM series model, not only demonstrates heightened computational efficiency but also attains superior prediction accuracy.

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Cite This Article

Pang, J., Mao, T., Jia, W., Jia, X., Dai, P. et al. (2024). Prediction and Analysis of Vehicle Interior Road Noise Based on Mechanism and Data Series Modeling. Sound & Vibration, 58, 59–80. https://doi.org/10.32604/sv.2024.046247



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