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Silencing of Astrocyte Elevated Gene-1 (AEG-1) inhibits the proliferative and invasive potential through interaction with Exostosin-1 (EXT-1) in primary and metastatic colon cancer cells

SUSHMITHA SRIRAMULU1, SARUBALA MALAYAPERUMAL1, SUMAN K. NANDY2, ANTARA BANERJEE1, MUSTHAFA MOHAMED ESSA3,4, SARAVANABABU CHIDAMBARAM5, M. WALID QORONFLEH6,7, SURAJIT PATHAK1,*

1 Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education (CARE), Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute (CHRI), Chennai, India
2 Bioinformatics Centre, Department of RDAP, North-Eastern Hill University, Tura, India
3 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, CAMS, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
4 Ageing and Dementia Research Group, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
5 Department of Pharmacology, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education & Research, Mysuru, India
6 Research & Policy Department, World Innovation Summit for Health (WISH), Qatar Foundation, Doha, Qatar
7 Q3CG Research Institute (QRI), Research & Policy Division, Ypsilanti, MI 48917, USA

* Corresponding Author: Surajit Pathak. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Molecular and Cellular Diagnostic Models)

BIOCELL 2021, 45(3), 563-576. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2021.014756

Abstract

Colon cancer is the third major cause of cancer deaths, accounting for about 8% in terms of mortality globally. The present study aims to explore the effect of silencing Astrocyte Elevated Gene-1 (AEG-1), a metastasis mediating factor, and how it interacts with Exostosin-1 (EXT-1) protein to inhibit the proliferative and invasive potential in colon cancer cells. Forward siRNA transfection was performed using AEG-1 siRNA in SW480 and SW620 colon cancer cell lines, and the expression levels of mRNA and protein were analyzed by Real-time PCR and Immunofluorescence. A simple bioinformatics approach was carried out to identify the possible interactions between AEG-1 and EXT-1 using Easy Networks and Pathway Commons Database. Cell survival and clonal efficiency were determined using Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and clonogenic assay, apoptosis using flow cytometry analysis, migration and invasion using scratch and Transwell assays, respectively. Forward siRNA transfection significantly suppressed the expression of AEG-1 in mRNA and protein levels on SW480 and SW620 colon cancer cells. From our results, we found that EXT-1 mRNA and protein level was significantly upregulated in AEG-1 siRNA transfected cells. Moreover, treatment with AEG-1 siRNA inhibited the proliferation, clonogenic ability, migration, and invasion and also induced apoptosis. Through the bioinformatic approach, our data analyses pointed towards the crosstalk between AEG-1 and EXT-1 mediated through Patched-1 (PTCH-1) protein. Our current results demonstrated that silencing AEG-1 can restrain cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, ultimately leading to apoptosis. In AEG-1 siRNA transfected cells, PTCH-1 activity might be modulated by several genes and, in turn, affects the EXT-1 activity. Collectively, these observations not only provide insight into the interplay between AEG-1 and EXT-1 but also suggest that AEG-1 may represent a possible candidate therapeutic target through interaction with EXT-1 in colon cancer.

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APA Style
SRIRAMULU, S., MALAYAPERUMAL, S., NANDY, S.K., BANERJEE, A., ESSA, M.M. et al. (2021). Silencing of astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) inhibits the proliferative and invasive potential through interaction with exostosin-1 (EXT-1) in primary and metastatic colon cancer cells. BIOCELL, 45(3), 563-576. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2021.014756
Vancouver Style
SRIRAMULU S, MALAYAPERUMAL S, NANDY SK, BANERJEE A, ESSA MM, CHIDAMBARAM S, et al. Silencing of astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) inhibits the proliferative and invasive potential through interaction with exostosin-1 (EXT-1) in primary and metastatic colon cancer cells. BIOCELL . 2021;45(3):563-576 https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2021.014756
IEEE Style
S. SRIRAMULU et al., "Silencing of Astrocyte Elevated Gene-1 (AEG-1) inhibits the proliferative and invasive potential through interaction with Exostosin-1 (EXT-1) in primary and metastatic colon cancer cells," BIOCELL , vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 563-576. 2021. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2021.014756

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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