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Evaluation of combined detection of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and glutathione peroxidase 4 in primary hepatic carcinoma and preliminary exploration of pathogenesis

JIE DUAN, AIDONG GU*, WEI CHEN, CHANGHAO CHEN, FANGNAN SONG, FAXI CHEN, FANGFANG JIANG, HUIWEN XING

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Second Hospital of Nanjing, Nanjing Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, 210003, China

* Corresponding Author: AIDONG GU. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Novel Biomarkers in Diseases for Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis)

BIOCELL 2023, 47(12), 2609-2615. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2023.042472

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to analyze the clinical significance and mechanism of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) in primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC). Methods: The expression of NRF2 and GPX4 in peripheral blood of patients with PHC was determined to analyze the diagnostic value of the two combined for PHC. The prognostic significance of NRF2 and GPX4 was evaluated by 3-year follow-up. Human liver epithelial cells THLE-2 and human hepatocellular carcinoma cells HepG2 were purchased, and the expression of NRF2 and GPX4 in the cells was determined. NRF2 and GPX4 aberrant expression vectors were constructed and transfected into HepG2, and changes in cell proliferation and invasion capabilities were observed. Results: The expression of NRF2 and GPX4 in patients with PHC was higher than that in patients with LC or VH (p < 0.05), and the two indicators combined was excellent in diagnosing PHC. Moreover, patients with high expression of NRF2 and GPX4 had a higher risk of death (p < 0.05). In in vitro experiments, both NRF2 and GPX4 expression was elevated in HepG2 (p < 0.05). HepG2 activity was enhanced by increasing the expression of the two, vice versa (p < 0.05). Conclusion: NRF2 and GPX4 combined is excellent in diagnosing PHC, and promotes the malignant development of PHC.

Graphical Abstract

Evaluation of combined detection of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and glutathione peroxidase 4 in primary hepatic carcinoma and preliminary exploration of pathogenesis

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APA Style
DUAN, J., GU, A., CHEN, W., CHEN, C., SONG, F. et al. (2023). Evaluation of combined detection of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and glutathione peroxidase 4 in primary hepatic carcinoma and preliminary exploration of pathogenesis. BIOCELL, 47(12), 2609-2615. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2023.042472
Vancouver Style
DUAN J, GU A, CHEN W, CHEN C, SONG F, CHEN F, et al. Evaluation of combined detection of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and glutathione peroxidase 4 in primary hepatic carcinoma and preliminary exploration of pathogenesis. BIOCELL . 2023;47(12):2609-2615 https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2023.042472
IEEE Style
J. DUAN et al., "Evaluation of combined detection of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and glutathione peroxidase 4 in primary hepatic carcinoma and preliminary exploration of pathogenesis," BIOCELL , vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 2609-2615. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2023.042472



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