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Robust Attack Detection Approach for IIoT Using Ensemble Classifier

V. Priya1, I. Sumaiya Thaseen1, Thippa Reddy Gadekallu1, Mohamed K. Aboudaif2,*, Emad Abouel Nasr3

1 School of Information Technology and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, 632014, India
2 Advanced Manufacturing Institute, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11421, Saudi Arabia
3 Industrial Engineering Department, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11421, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Mohamed K. Aboudaif. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Current trends and Advancements for next-generation secure Industrial IoT)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 66(3), 2457-2470.


Generally, the risks associated with malicious threats are increasing for the Internet of Things (IoT) and its related applications due to dependency on the Internet and the minimal resource availability of IoT devices. Thus, anomaly-based intrusion detection models for IoT networks are vital. Distinct detection methodologies need to be developed for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) network as threat detection is a significant expectation of stakeholders. Machine learning approaches are considered to be evolving techniques that learn with experience, and such approaches have resulted in superior performance in various applications, such as pattern recognition, outlier analysis, and speech recognition. Traditional techniques and tools are not adequate to secure IIoT networks due to the use of various protocols in industrial systems and restricted possibilities of upgradation. In this paper, the objective is to develop a two-phase anomaly detection model to enhance the reliability of an IIoT network. In the first phase, SVM and Naïve Bayes, are integrated using an ensemble blending technique. K-fold cross-validation is performed while training the data with different training and testing ratios to obtain optimized training and test sets. Ensemble blending uses a random forest technique to predict class labels. An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) classifier that uses the Adam optimizer to achieve better accuracy is also used for prediction. In the second phase, both the ANN and random forest results are fed to the model’s classification unit, and the highest accuracy value is considered the final result. The proposed model is tested on standard IoT attack datasets, such as WUSTL_IIOT-2018, N_BaIoT, and Bot_IoT. The highest accuracy obtained is 99%. A comparative analysis of the proposed model using state-of-the-art ensemble techniques is performed to demonstrate the superiority of the results. The results also demonstrate that the proposed model outperforms traditional techniques and thus improves the reliability of an IIoT network.


Cite This Article

V. Priya, I. Sumaiya Thaseen, T. Reddy Gadekallu, M. K. Aboudaif and E. Abouel Nasr, "Robust attack detection approach for iiot using ensemble classifier," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 66, no.3, pp. 2457–2470, 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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