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A Comprehensive Review on Medical Diagnosis Using Machine Learning

Kaustubh Arun Bhavsar1, Ahed Abugabah2, Jimmy Singla1,*, Ahmad Ali AlZubi3, Ali Kashif Bashir4, Nikita5

1 Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, 144411, India
2 College of Technical Innovation, Zayed University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
3 Department of Computer Science, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Computing and Mathematics, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, M15 6BH, UK
5 School of Computer Science and Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, 144411, India

* Corresponding Author: Jimmy Singla. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Machine Learning for Data Analytics)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 67(2), 1997-2014.


The unavailability of sufficient information for proper diagnosis, incomplete or miscommunication between patient and the clinician, or among the healthcare professionals, delay or incorrect diagnosis, the fatigue of clinician, or even the high diagnostic complexity in limited time can lead to diagnostic errors. Diagnostic errors have adverse effects on the treatment of a patient. Unnecessary treatments increase the medical bills and deteriorate the health of a patient. Such diagnostic errors that harm the patient in various ways could be minimized using machine learning. Machine learning algorithms could be used to diagnose various diseases with high accuracy. The use of machine learning could assist the doctors in making decisions on time, and could also be used as a second opinion or supporting tool. This study aims to provide a comprehensive review of research articles published from the year 2015 to mid of the year 2020 that have used machine learning for diagnosis of various diseases. We present the various machine learning algorithms used over the years to diagnose various diseases. The results of this study show the distribution of machine learning methods by medical disciplines. Based on our review, we present future research directions that could be used to conduct further research.


Cite This Article

K. Arun Bhavsar, A. Abugabah, J. Singla, A. Ali AlZubi, A. Kashif Bashir et al., "A comprehensive review on medical diagnosis using machine learning," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 67, no.2, pp. 1997–2014, 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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