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Research on Human Activity Recognition Algorithm Based on LSTM-1DCNN

Yuesheng Zhao1, Xiaoling Wang1,*, Yutong Luo2,*, Muhammad Shamrooz Aslam3

1 School of Automation, Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou, 545006, China
2 Student Mental Health Education Center, Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou, 545006, China
3 Artificial Intelligence Research Institute, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, 221116, China

* Corresponding Authors: Xiaoling Wang. Email: email; Yutong Luo. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 77(3), 3325-3347.


With the rapid advancement of wearable devices, Human Activities Recognition (HAR) based on these devices has emerged as a prominent research field. The objective of this study is to enhance the recognition performance of HAR by proposing an LSTM-1DCNN recognition algorithm that utilizes a single triaxial accelerometer. This algorithm comprises two branches: one branch consists of a Long and Short-Term Memory Network (LSTM), while the other parallel branch incorporates a one-dimensional Convolutional Neural Network (1DCNN). The parallel architecture of LSTM-1DCNN initially extracts spatial and temporal features from the accelerometer data separately, which are then concatenated and fed into a fully connected neural network for information fusion. In the LSTM-1DCNN architecture, the 1DCNN branch primarily focuses on extracting spatial features during convolution operations, whereas the LSTM branch mainly captures temporal features. Nine sets of accelerometer data from five publicly available HAR datasets are employed for training and evaluation purposes. The performance of the proposed LSTM-1DCNN model is compared with five other HAR algorithms including Decision Tree, Random Forest, Support Vector Machine, 1DCNN, and LSTM on these five public datasets. Experimental results demonstrate that the F1-score achieved by the proposed LSTM-1DCNN ranges from 90.36% to 99.68%, with a mean value of 96.22% and standard deviation of 0.03 across all evaluated metrics on these five public datasets-outperforming other existing HAR algorithms significantly in terms of evaluation metrics used in this study. Finally the proposed LSTM-1DCNN is validated in real-world applications by collecting acceleration data of seven human activities for training and testing purposes. Subsequently, the trained HAR algorithm is deployed on Android phones to evaluate its performance. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed LSTM-1DCNN algorithm achieves an impressive F1-score of 97.67% on our self-built dataset. In conclusion, the fusion of temporal and spatial information in the measured data contributes to the excellent HAR performance and robustness exhibited by the proposed 1DCNN-LSTM architecture.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Zhao, Y., Wang, X., Luo, Y., Aslam, M.S. (2023). Research on human activity recognition algorithm based on LSTM-1DCNN. Computers, Materials & Continua, 77(3), 3325-3347.
Vancouver Style
Zhao Y, Wang X, Luo Y, Aslam MS. Research on human activity recognition algorithm based on LSTM-1DCNN. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;77(3):3325-3347
IEEE Style
Y. Zhao, X. Wang, Y. Luo, and M.S. Aslam "Research on Human Activity Recognition Algorithm Based on LSTM-1DCNN," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 3325-3347. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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