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BS-SC Model: A Novel Method for Predicting Child Abuse Using Borderline-SMOTE Enabled Stacking Classifier

Saravanan Parthasarathy, Arun Raj Lakshminarayanan*

B. S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, GST Road, Vandalur, Chennai, 600048, Tamil Nadu, India

* Corresponding Author: Arun Raj Lakshminarayanan. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 46(2), 1311-1336.


For a long time, legal entities have developed and used crime prediction methodologies. The techniques are frequently updated based on crime evaluations and responses from scientific communities. There is a need to develop type-based crime prediction methodologies that can be used to address issues at the subgroup level. Child maltreatment is not adequately addressed because children are voiceless. As a result, the possibility of developing a model for predicting child abuse was investigated in this study. Various exploratory analysis methods were used to examine the city of Chicago’s child abuse events. The data set was balanced using the Borderline-SMOTE technique, and then a stacking classifier was employed to ensemble multiple algorithms to predict various types of child abuse. The proposed approach successfully predicted crime types with 93% of accuracy, precision, recall, and F1-Score. The AUC value of the same was 0.989. However, when compared to the Extra Trees model (17.55), which is the second best, the proposed model’s execution time was significantly longer (476.63). We discovered that Machine Learning methods effectively evaluate the demographic and spatial-temporal characteristics of the crimes and predict the occurrences of various subtypes of child abuse. The results indicated that the proposed Borderline-SMOTE enabled Stacking Classifier model (BS-SC Model) would be effective in the real-time child abuse prediction and prevention process.


Cite This Article

S. Parthasarathy and A. R. Lakshminarayanan, "Bs-sc model: a novel method for predicting child abuse using borderline-smote enabled stacking classifier," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 46, no.2, pp. 1311–1336, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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