Open Access iconOpen Access


Frequency Control Approach and Load Forecasting Assessment for Wind Systems

K. Sukanya*, P. Vijayakumar

Department of EEE, Karpagam College of Engineering, Coimbatore, 641032, India

* Corresponding Author: K. Sukanya. Email: email

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 35(1), 971-982.


Frequency deviation has to be controlled in power generation units when there are fluctuations in system frequency. With several renewable energy sources, wind energy forecasting is majorly focused in this work which is a tough task due to its variations and uncontrollable nature. Whenever there is a mismatch between generation and demand, the frequency deviation may arise from the actual frequency 50 Hz (in India). To mitigate the frequency deviation issue, it is necessary to develop an effective technique for better frequency control in wind energy systems. In this work, heuristic Fuzzy Logic Based Controller (FLC) is developed for providing an effective frequency control support by modeling the complex behavior of the system to enhance the load forecasting in wind based hybrid power systems. Frequency control is applied to reduce the frequency deviation due to fluctuations and load prediction information using ANN (Artificial Neural Network) and SVM (Support Vector Machine) learning models. The performance analysis of the proposed method is done with different machine learning based approaches. The forecasting assessment is done over various climates with the aim to decrease the prediction errors and to demote the forecasting accuracy. Simulation results show that the Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Normalized Mean Absolute Error (NMAE) values are scaled down by 41.1%, 9.9% and 23.1% respectively in the proposed method while comparing with existing wavelet and BPN based approach.


Cite This Article

K. Sukanya and P. Vijayakumar, "Frequency control approach and load forecasting assessment for wind systems," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 35, no.1, pp. 971–982, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1152


  • 563


  • 0


Share Link