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Hyperparameter Optimization Based Deep Belief Network for Clean Buses Using Solar Energy Model

Shekaina Justin1,*, Wafaa Saleh1,2, Tasneem Al Ghamdi1, J. Shermina3

1 College of Engineering, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh 84428, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Transport Engineering School of Engineering and The Built Environment, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh EH10 5D, UK
3 Department of Computing, Muscat College, University of Sterling, UK

* Corresponding Author: Shekaina Justin. Email:

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2023, 37(1), 1091-1109.


Renewable energy has become a solution to the world’s energy concerns in recent years. Photovoltaic (PV) technology is the fastest technique to convert solar radiation into electricity. Solar-powered buses, metros, and cars use PV technology. Such technologies are always evolving. Included in the parameters that need to be analysed and examined include PV capabilities, vehicle power requirements, utility patterns, acceleration and deceleration rates, and storage module type and capacity, among others. PVPG is intermittent and weather-dependent. Accurate forecasting and modelling of PV system output power are key to managing storage, delivery, and smart grids. With unparalleled data granularity, a data-driven system could better anticipate solar generation. Deep learning (DL) models have gained popularity due to their capacity to handle complex datasets and increase computing power. This article introduces the Galactic Swarm Optimization with Deep Belief Network (GSODBN-PPGF) model. The GSODBN-PPGF model predicts PV power production. The GSODBN-PPGF model normalises data using data scaling. DBN is used to forecast PV power output. The GSO algorithm boosts the DBN model’s predicted output. GSODBN-PPGF projected 0.002 after40 h but observed 0.063. The GSODBN-PPGF model validation is compared to existing approaches. Simulations showed that the GSODBN-PPGF model outperformed recent techniques. It shows that the proposed model is better at forecasting than other models and can be used to predict the PV power output for the next day.


Cite This Article

S. Justin, W. Saleh, T. A. Ghamdi and J. Shermina, "Hyperparameter optimization based deep belief network for clean buses using solar energy model," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 37, no.1, pp. 1091–1109, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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