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Comparative Study on the Properties of Inorganic Silicate and Organic Phenolic Prepolymer Modified Poplar Wood by Vacuum Cycle Pressurization

Pengfei Guan1, Ping Li2, Yiqiang Wu1, Xingong Li1, Guangming Yuan1, Yingfeng Zuo1,*
1 College of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, 410004, China
2 College of Furniture and Art Design, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, 410004, China
* Corresponding Author: Yingfeng Zuo. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Bio-Composite Materials and Structures-2021)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2022, 10(9), 2451-2463. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.020459

Received 24 November 2021; Accepted 12 January 2022; Issue published 30 May 2022

Abstract

To enhance mechanical properties and improve flame retardancy and smoke suppression of fast-growing poplar wood in wood applications, the wood was impregnated and modified. An organic phenolic prepolymer and inorganic sodium silicate was used as contrasting impregnation modifiers and wood samples were impregnated by a bionic “respiration” method with alternating positive and negative pressure. The weight percentage gain, density increase ratio, mechanical properties (bending and compressive strength and hardness), and water absorption rate of inorganic and organic-impregnated modified poplar wood (IIMPW and OIMPW, respectively) were compared and these properties in IIMPW were found to be higher than those of OIMPW with the exception of the water absorption rate which was lower than the OIMPW. This was attributed to the superior absorption of sodium silicate that also improved the impregnation, reinforcement, and dimensional stability in the IIMPW. The chemical structure, crystalline structure, internal morphology, flame retardancy, smoke suppression, and thermal stability of IIMPW and OIMPW were characterized by FT-IR, XRD, SEM, CONE, and TGA. FT-IR and XRD results showed that, although IIMPW cellulose crystallinity reduced the most, more chemical bonds were come into being in IIMPW, which explained the better physical and mechanical properties of IIMPW. Compared with OIMPW, IIMPW had better flame retardant and smoke suppression performance.

Keywords

Poplar wood; sodium silicate; impregnation modification; mechanical properties; dimensional stability; flame retardancy and smoke suppression

Cite This Article

Guan, P., Li, P., Wu, Y., Li, X., Yuan, G. et al. (2022). Comparative Study on the Properties of Inorganic Silicate and Organic Phenolic Prepolymer Modified Poplar Wood by Vacuum Cycle Pressurization. Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(9), 2451–2463.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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