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Mechanical Test and Meso-Model Numerical Study of Composite Rubber Concrete under Salt-Freezing Cycle

Mingkai Sun1,*, Yanan Wang2, Pingwei Jiang1, Zerong Song3, Zhan Gao4, Jiaming Xu5
1 Key Laboratory of Urban Security and Disaster Engineering of Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, 100124, China
2 Powerchina Eco-Environmental Group Co., Ltd., Shenzhen, 518000, China
3 School of Civil Engineering and Communication, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou, 450003, China
4 Shenzhen Gas Corporation, Ltd., Shenzhen, 518049, China
5 The Second Engineering Co., Ltd. of CTCE Group, Suzhou, 215000, China
* Corresponding Author: Mingkai Sun. Email:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(2), 643-668.

Received 24 February 2022; Accepted 13 May 2022; Issue published 22 September 2022


A composite rubber concrete (CRC) was designed by combining waste tire rubber particles with particle sizes of 3~5 mm, 1~3 mm and 20 mesh. Taking the rubber content of different particle sizes as the influencing factors, the range and variance analysis of the mechanical and impermeability properties of CRC was carried out by orthogonal test. Through analysis, it is concluded that the optimal proportion of 3~5 mm, 1~3 mm, and 20 mesh particle size composite rubber is 1:2.5:5. 5 kinds of CRC and 3 kinds of ordinary single-mixed rubber concrete (RC) with a total content of 10%~20% were designed under this ratio, and the salt-freezing cycle test was carried out with a concentration of 5% Na2SO4 solution. The physical and mechanical damage laws during 120 salt-freezing cycles are obtained, and the corresponding damage prediction model is established according to the experimental data. The results show that: on the one hand, the composite rubber in CRC produces a more uniform “graded” structure, forms a retractable particle group, and reduces the loss of mechanical properties of CRC. On the other hand, colloidal particles with different particle sizes are used as air entraining agent to improve the pore structure of concrete and introduce evenly dispersed bubbles, which fundamentally improves the durability of concrete. Under the experimental conditions, the CRC performance is the best when the overall content of composite rubber is 15%.


Waste rubber; composite rubber concrete; orthogonal test; mechanical properties; durability

Cite This Article

Sun, M., Wang, Y., Jiang, P., Song, Z., Gao, Z. et al. (2023). Mechanical Test and Meso-Model Numerical Study of Composite Rubber Concrete under Salt-Freezing Cycle. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(2), 643–668.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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