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Long Noncoding RNA Taurine-Upregulated Gene 1 Promotes Cell Proliferation and Invasion in Gastric Cancer via Negatively Modulating miRNA-145-5p

Kewei Ren*†‡, Zhen Li*†‡, Yahua Li*†‡, Wenzhe Zhang*†‡, Xinwei Han*†‡

* Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, P.R. China
† Interventional Institute of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, P.R. China
‡ Interventional Treatment and Clinical Research Center of Henan Province, Zhengzhou, P.R. China

Oncology Research 2017, 25(5), 789-798. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783677992682

Abstract

Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) taurine-upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) is involved in the development and carcinogenesis of various tumors, suggesting the diagnostic potential of TUG1 in these cancers. However, the exact role of TUG1 and its underlying mechanism in gastric cancer (GC) remain unknown. In this study, the expression of TUG1 and miR-145-5p in GC cell lines and nonmalignant gastric epithelial cell lines was detected by qRT-PCR. BGC-823 and SGC-7901 cells were transfected with si-TUG1, pcDNA 3.1-TUG1, miR-145-5p mimics, or matched controls. The biological function of TUG1 and miR-145-5p in GC cell proliferation and invasion in vitro and tumor growth in vivo was investigated by MTT assay, Transwell invasion assay, and tumor xenograft experiments. The regulating relationship between TUG1 and miR-145-5 was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. The results showed that TUG1 was significantly overexpressed and miR-145-5p was dramatically downregulated in GC cell lines. TUG1 knockdown strikingly inhibited cell proliferation and invasion in vitro and markedly suppressed tumor growth in vivo. Furthermore, TUG1 could directly bind to miR-145-5p and repress miR-145-5p expression. TUG1 overexpression significantly relieved the inhibition on GC cell proliferation and invasion in vitro and tumor growth in vivo, mediated by miR-145-5p overexpression. In conclusion, TUG1 promotes cell proliferation and invasion in GC via negatively modulating miRNA-145-5p, which undoubtedly contributes to understanding the mechanism of GC occurrence and development.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Ren, K., Li, Z., Li, Y., Zhang, W., Han, X. (2017). Long noncoding RNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 promotes cell proliferation and invasion in gastric cancer via negatively modulating mirna-145-5p. Oncology Research, 25(5), 789-798. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783677992682
Vancouver Style
Ren K, Li Z, Li Y, Zhang W, Han X. Long noncoding RNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 promotes cell proliferation and invasion in gastric cancer via negatively modulating mirna-145-5p. Oncol Res. 2017;25(5):789-798 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783677992682
IEEE Style
K. Ren, Z. Li, Y. Li, W. Zhang, and X. Han "Long Noncoding RNA Taurine-Upregulated Gene 1 Promotes Cell Proliferation and Invasion in Gastric Cancer via Negatively Modulating miRNA-145-5p," Oncol. Res., vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 789-798. 2017. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783677992682



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