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Silencing of A-Kinase Anchor Protein 4 (AKAP4) Inhibits Proliferation and Progression of Thyroid Cancer

Jiakai Han1, Wei Gao1, Dongyue Su, Yang Liu

Department of Endocrinology, Huaihe Hospital of Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan Province, P.R. China
1 These authors provided equal contribution to this work.

Oncology Research 2017, 25(6), 873-878. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783701102564

Abstract

A-kinase anchor protein 4 (AKAP4), a member of the A-kinase anchor family of proteins, plays a role in tumor development and progression. However, its expression pattern and function in human thyroid cancer remain obscure. Here we examined AKAP4 expression in thyroid cancer cell lines as well as the effects of AKAP4 on the proliferation and metastasis of thyroid cancer cells. We also explored the molecular mechanism by which AKAP4 mediates the metastatic potential of thyroid cancer cells. Our results revealed that the transcript and protein levels of AKAP4 were significantly upregulated in thyroid cancer cell lines. In vitro experiments showed that knockdown of AKAP4 significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial– mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in thyroid cancer cells. Additionally, knockdown of AKAP4 greatly decreased the protein expression of Shh as well as Smo, Ptc, and Gli-1 in ACT-1 cells. Finally, the in vivo nude mice model confirmed that knockdown of AKAP4 attenuated tumor growth. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that knockdown of AKAP4 inhibited proliferation and metastasis, likely through suppressing the Shh signaling pathway, in thyroid cancer cells. Thus, AKAP4 may act as a potential therapeutic target for human thyroid cancer.

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APA Style
Han, J., Gao, W., Su, D., Liu, Y. (2017). Silencing of a-kinase anchor protein 4 (AKAP4) inhibits proliferation and progression of thyroid cancer. Oncology Research, 25(6), 873-878. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783701102564
Vancouver Style
Han J, Gao W, Su D, Liu Y. Silencing of a-kinase anchor protein 4 (AKAP4) inhibits proliferation and progression of thyroid cancer. Oncol Res. 2017;25(6):873-878 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783701102564
IEEE Style
J. Han, W. Gao, D. Su, and Y. Liu "Silencing of A-Kinase Anchor Protein 4 (AKAP4) Inhibits Proliferation and Progression of Thyroid Cancer," Oncol. Res., vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 873-878. 2017. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14783701102564



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